Volume 1 / number 6 / Year 2013
Part III FINE ARTS
1. BESSARABIAN ENGAVERS IN INTERWAR ROMANIA / Iarîna Savitkaia Baragin, Senior lecturer PhD, Academy of Music, Drama and Fine Arts from Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Abstract: Professional art, including - engraving, appeared due founding artistic educational institutions, stimulating the emergence of art genres, reported to the European and the respective areas they represented. This process was implemented differently in different regions, sometimes the differences constitutes decades. Thus, beginning of studies in the specialty in the Romanian Principalities are indispensable to the name of G.Asachi (Mihaileana Academy of Science, 1839),s T.Aman who founded the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest (1864) and Gh-Bardasare Panaiteanu that was the initiator of Fine Arts School in Iasi (1864).
Running the new century (XX), Bessarabian art shown in only a decade experience and professional activity. Evening drawing school run by Terinte Zubcu appears in Chisinau in 1887 and operate until 1897, when management was taken over by Vladimir Okusko, a graduate of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, being reorganized in Municipal Drawing School (1902) . Among the graduates of this school appear architect Alexei Sciusev, teacher Paul Silingovschi and sculptor Alexandru Plamadeala. Due to the last, in 1919, the School of Design is transformed into Fine Arts School which existed until 1940. This period may be considered the most successful in becoming of Bessarabian modern art, but certain engraving promoted some familiar names in European art, such as art Elisabetn Ivanovsky or in Romanian interwar and postwar period - Theodor Kiriacoff, Anatoly Cudinoff, George Ceglocoff, Victor Rusu-Ciobanu and others.
Keywords: Bassarabian fine art, engraving Bessarabian
2. ASPECTS OF MILITARY ARCHITECTURE FROM LATE ANTIQUITY IN ROMANIA / Ioana-Iulia Olaru, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania
Abstract: In the History of Arts from Romania, Late Antiquity is absent and this is not justified. We are trying to find an individual place for this period of transition, for it is well-represented, both regarding its architecture and its artifacts (sculpture, painting, mosaic, minor arts), they all record the passing from the ancient vision to the Paleochristian one. One of the aspects of the architecture of this period is treated by the present research which is focused on military architecture from the two provinces on the territory of Romania: Dacia Traiana and Scythia Minor (today’s Dobrogea).
Keywords: vallum, camp, castellum, quadriburgium, dava, oppida
3. ROMANIAN PICTORIAL REPRESENTATIONS – BEAUTY, FAITH AND POLITICS / Carmen Alexandrache, Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, ”Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of Romania
Abstract: This study will see that the Romanian painting was a means of communication both with the divinity and with the members of the community or with foreigners. The artistic creations are a visible “echo” of the changes occurring in mentality, its products becoming “expressions of mentality”. Painting has represented a means to activate the collective memory, but because of this important role, it was carefully monitored by the political authority as well. From this perspective, any concern regarding the underlining of the connection between the writings of the foreign observers and the manifestation of the Romanian artistic sense becomes interesting.
Keywords: mentality, literature, communication, artistic creations
Part IV EDUCATION
1. ARTS AND INTER/CULTURAL EDUCATION IN THE EUROPEAN SCHOOL / Eugenia Maria Pasca, Associate profesor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania
Abstract: Educational systems increasingly recognize the importance of developing children's creativity and contribute to the cultural and intercultural education, but it is not necessarily clear how the arts are expected to contribute either as individual subjects or operating with other curricular areas. At European level, 21 countries/states have had similar objectives for the arts curriculum. These included: developing artistic skills, knowledge and understanding, involvement in a variety of art forms; increased cross-cultural understanding; sharing artistic experiences, thus becoming both artistic consumers and contributors. But in addition to this, in most countries there are expected personal artistic and social / cultural results - from arts education (such as confidence and self-esteem, individual expression, teamwork, intercultural understanding and cultural participation) . In particular, among the goals of art education, there is a new focus on creativity (often in relation to its importance in innovation) and cultural education (in relation to both individual identity and promotion of intercultural understanding).
Keywords: art curriculum, art education, intercultural education
2. UNDERSTANDING THE CHALLENGES OF A POSSIBLE REFORM IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM PREPARING ARTS TEACHERS / Mihaela Mitescu Lupu, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania
Abstract: The paper locates recent attempts for a possible reform of the pre-service teacher education system in Romania and proposes an analysis of the possible challenges. The argument of the paper is constructed on one proposed plane of reflection: that of the relationship between the theory and practice in the pedagogical thinking of policy makers. The analysis is situated in relation to recently published data on European policies and practices in the field of arts and teacher education.
Keywords: arts, teacher, education, reform
3. INTERCULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF MUSIC EDUCATION / Dorina Geta Iusca, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania
Abstract: Amidst an extensive development of the media and an increase in the number of international student mobilities, the cultural and social relationships have become more numerous, having profound implications over the individual’s and society’s cultural identity. Thus, the education for cultural diversity becomes a must in the students’ instruction and learning in the contemporary school system. In this context, music education has a special role, as it becomes a medium, a resource, a pretext or the way in which intercultural instruction is realized.
Keywords: music education, intercultural interaction, education for cultural diversity
4. REFLECTION ON ART’S TRAINING OF ECOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR / Viorica – Torii Caciuc, Lecturer PhD, „Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of Romania
Abstract: Using aesthetic property of non-human beings to form the ecological behaviour of children in the instructive – educative process is not only a science but also an art. This step can be done by educating in the spirit of social beauty by capitalizing natural beauty, ecological ethics offering multiple arguments in this repect.
Keywords: art, ecological education, ecological ethics centered life, natural beauty
5. BEHAVIORAL FORMATION OF TEACHERS FOR GIFTED CHILDREN’S EDUCATION / Tatiana Bularga , Associate Professor PhD, University docent, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The article presents the essential positions of academic training as a form/strategy of behavioural formation at future and present teachers of music. The training`s blocs/items valuates a model of pedagogical behaviour adequate for the necessities and special problems of musically gifted children. The goal of present training is to create effective didactic/pedagogical conditions for valuating the pupil`s potential.
Keywords: behavioral training, efficient behavior, efficient teacher, necessities of gifted children, adequate behavioral qualities
6. EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE SYSTEM OF TEACHER TRAINING / Simona Marin, Associate Professor PhD, „Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of Romania
Abstract: The researchers are increasingly focusing more towards analysis the changes which the informational society introduces, the dominant being given by knowledge and creativity, which are vectors of personal and institutional development. The goal of looking into the specialized literature and the programmatic European documents will be to identify the principles and priorities of the contemporary education which are assumed globally and their impact on the sphere of reanalyzing the politics, models and strategies used in the training and development of the human resources, that contribute to the stimulation of competitiveness and cooperation, to the promoting of innovation, change and flexible training, and also to the valuing of the new informational and communicational technologies. The educational reality demands for the widening of the scientific preoccupations so as to talk of the professionalization and development of the human resource as a process of training and enlarging the amount of knowledge, competences and attitudes which will allow to take upon oneself and to accomplish the professional tasks specific for a corresponding level of performances and to put into practice the principles of a ,,knowledge based society”. The impact of such a system of standards role educational policy aimed at teaching career centered on performance, career development, professional development, ensuring professional dynamics, linking institutional structures, programs and regulatory acts governing the status and professional standards. The knowledge society reaffirms developed a foundation of social systems - education system progress depends on the quality of human resources. Training and development of teaching staff with professional standards of career didactic reference to become for institutions a dominant component in personnel policies and organizational development. In this context, the professionalization of teaching careers by implementation of a competency-based standards for teaching and research is a general reference framework in assessing the condition of human resources and improve quality in education in Romania.
Keywords: educational systems, teacher training, professional standards
7. THE CONCEPT OF HERMENEUTICS IN MUSIC EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY FROM KRETZSCHMAR TO KABALEVSKY / Margarita Tetelea, Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of Moldova
Abstract: The XXI century is considered to be the century of interpretation and spiritual ascendence of the personality. In this context we also involve the role of music education, in which hermeneutics enables the opportunity to make discoveries, to understand the human mind and soul. In this connection the basic principle is to establish the dialog between past and present.
Music-hermeneutical interpretation is the key to understanding the inner world and the general spiritual values of the pupil. It is also seen as the most individual and personal interpretation. Only in this way, the pupil-listener can rediscover himself in music, making a decisive role in the reconstruction of musical image. The hermeneutical interpretation of the musical image requires not only pupil’s intellectual background knowledge, but also emotional, and psychological attitude. Thus, it contributes to the creation of a beautiful soul, and as follows the creation of true aesthetic values. Hermann Kretzschmar (Germany) and Dmitry Kabalevsky (Russia) touch upon these issues in their works.
The comparative approach to the concepts of music education of these great personalities gives us the opportunity to see that two systems, one created in Germany in the early XX century and the other in Russia at the late XX century, hold the idea of a hermeneutic dimenssion as a process that establishes a relationship between pupil and music. Given the numerous works of these great teachers and musicians, we note that in order to access the hermeneutical interpretation of musical discourse, pupils need a creative and artistic involvement besides musical knowledge. Thus, hermeneutical interpretation becomes interdisciplinary. In this context, music will be regarded from different aspects, such as: historical, musicological, artistic and aesthetic aspects. This kind of interpretation – recreation of music contributes to pupil’s musical and spiritual culture formation and development.
Keywords: musical hermeneutics, comparative study, Herman Kretzschmar, Dmitry Kabalevsky, music education, musical image, musical discourse.