Review of Artistic Education. Number: 18 Year: 2019

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 18 Year: 2019

Journal Code: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478
Issue Information

Number: 17-18
Cover Date (month and year): 03.2019




Individual Article Information


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 23_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0023


Author(s): Ioana-Iulia Olaru

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: The paper will refer only to one of period of Hallstatt, Middle Hallstatt, an important period of the first Iron Age – that form with Late Hallstatt a unity called by historian the protohistory of the Dacians – bringing important transformations recorded in the human beings’ habitat. The settlements and buildings of the entire Bronze Age reflect the continuation of migrations, though limited, by their sedentarization, but also the fortification of some settlements which became real centres of unions of tribes. The characteristic to the mentioned period is continuity (and then the ending) of the process of unification of the Thracian tribes, a process began in Early Hallstatt. The collision of tribes needed the amplification of settlements, but also of the fortifications and also, step by step, the extending of the Greek urbanism implemented in today’s Dobrogea by the Greeks who started colonies here, the Scythian-Greek incluences are to be found in the Late Hallstatt and in other areas on the nowadays territory of our country. The specificity of settlements and buildings of the cultures from the beginning of Hallstatt on the territory of our country will be studied in their evolution towards the next phase – of the second period of the Iron Age: Latène.

Key words: ash pit, tumulus, agora, bastion, krepidoma, cella, emplecton



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 24_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0024

Title: THE DIALECTICS OF INDUSTRIAL DESIGN VIZ-A-VIZ THE META – DESIGN PHENOMENON: The on-going Narrative / Implications for New Design Paradigms and Design Education

Author(s): Obasuyi Osa-Francis Efe

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., University of Benin, from Benin City, Nigeria

Abstract: The paper examined the dialectics and the Philosophical Theorization of the Phenomenon of Industrial design viz-a-viz meta-design, both as new areas of the philosophical discourse and intellectualization of both fields. This is not only as new subject disciplines / profession but also as New/Novel, and “uncharted waters” in the study and philosophy of both. Which is aimed at their adoption as a veritable tool and vehicle, for achieving New and innovative franchises and enterprises that might thus help bring about creating potentially New Design paradigms. In the body of the text it was established that by employing interdisciplinarity and collaborative efforts / approaches, designers try to achieve these New design efforts which are inspired by the way living organisms, systems and mechanisms, function and work. This eventually will influence, change or completely overhaul the way we feed, cloth ourselves, shelter, communicate or even co-habit in the future. The paper also established that the implications of the above will help engender a new narrative in the discussions and reasoning (or the dialectics) of these two disciplines and also of how they will affect the subjects practice and the various attempts aimed at its Pedagogy /Education. It was also established that the nature of such an Education and the Impartation of the adequate Design skills to graduates must adopt New strategies and implementation of an Industrial/Technological-based subject-Bias that leans towards Design intuitiveness, ingenious Technical/Technologically result oriented reasoning and practices. Bearing in mind the infusion also of various multidisciphinary subject areas that will help broaden the learner’s horizon. The paper recommends that the issue of the Dialectics and phenomenology of Industrial Design/Meta design (which is the philosophical study of the structure and make-up (or consciousness) of the concepts, context and content of industrial design) must be embedded in the implementation of the three conceptual Approaches of Design which are:- Design Awareness, Design Activity and Design Manufacture/fabrication. This is the sum total of all Design and Creative endeavours.

Key words: “Dialectics”, “Phenomenology of Design” “Meta–design” “Interdisciplinarity” and “collaborative” approaches, “Design paradigms” “Autopoiesis and Allopoiesis”



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 25_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0025

Title: Art - subject - object in artistic and plastic creativity of pupils and students in artistic education

Author(s): Olimpiada Arbuz-Spatari

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD, "Ion Creangă" State Pedagogical University from Chişinău, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: The modernization of higher education in the field of plastic arts methodology, the improvement and development of the educational methodology, as well as the professional rise of the teachers are the key issues in raising the level of creativity of the future plastic art teachers in the context of the new requirements of artistic training. The volume of creative knowledge and skills varies from one person to another; it is our permanent intention to know and understand creativity, to demonstrate the laws of artistic and plastic creativity, to create a logical theory through which personality can be developed creatively, thus contributing to the complex process of the student's artistic activity. Art contributes to the development of the artistic creativity of pupils / students, constituting a source of knowledge of national and universal culture through the many methodological, plastic and technological varieties specific to art, which offer vast possibilities to create a creative product of artistic, aesthetic and cultural value. The development of creative writing skills initially involves a visual experience, followed by the stages specific to the creative process in the field of fine arts and is finalized by a material form of the creative product, obtained through specific means in the field of fine arts.

Key words: art, creativity, artistic and plastic creativity, subject-matter, artistic education



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 26_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0026

Title: Proposals regarding work strategies in plastic visual activities III. Developing the creative behavior

Author(s): Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: Contemporary psychologist Didier Anzieu[1] speaks of five phases of the process of creation: creative emotion, gaining consciousness, transposition, elaboration, and exposure. Each of the five phases has a correspondent in the stages of development of visual-plastic educational activities, and the role of the teacher is essential in each of them. Starting from the five phases, we propose an approach pattern to the creative process, adapted and developed during the years of experience in pre-university educational environment, and refined throughout the research activity carried out in the university environment.

Key words: creative process, creative behavior, vizual art teacher, creative child



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 27_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0027

Title: Iassy – sourse of local, national and international talents

Author(s): Mirela Ștefănescu

Affiliation(s): PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: The city of Iaşi, one of the most important visual art centers in the country, is one with an extraordinary creative potential, this being the reason why in this paper we mentioned local artistic personalities of national and international value. In this context, we will present among the most relevant exhibiting events that are constantly organized in Iaşi and which bring together local, national and international creative values. We would like to mention the ArtIS Salons, the Drawing Salon, the Iasi Identity Exhibitions, the Visual Arts Exhibitions of the International Festival of Education, the Visual Arts Exhibitions of Euroinvent, Inventica, the International Triennial Texpoart, the International Biennale of Contemporary Engraving, as well as visual artists who have already integrated into the international circuit, being rewarded with numerous awards and distinctions among the most honored. Thus, local artistic life is in a continuous creative effervescence, supported by the numerous exhibitions of consecrated and young artists who come to the audience with a great variety of styles.

Key words: visual center, creative potential, exhibition events, international value



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 28_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0028

Title: The beginnings of the modern art

Author(s): Mircea Ștefănescu

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: At the beginning of the 20th century visual artists found in the art the perfect field to experiment with different materials, combinations of new shapes and proportions to create new artistic currents. But this new trend has questioned the relation of classical arts with its perennial values ​​which can not be overlooked, however radical the desire of young artists to "break" definitively with the past. Thus, in this new artistic context, many of the old art flagship techniques have been questioned and, as is always the case for predicting the "future of art", the new artistic tendencies are absolutized and others are considered obsolete and declared "death". The best known example is that of Marcel Duchamp, who, along with his famous ready-made exhibitions, strongly supported the death of art. Finally, the great creators of the past century felt at one point the need to relate to established art in order to better understand the "place" occupied by the generation of new artistic revolutions.

Key words: the modern art, ready-made, artistic revolutions, experiment, tendencies



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2018 / 29_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0029


Author(s): Bard Bajçinovci, Uliks Bajçinovci, Bujar Bajçinovci

Affiliation(s): Student, cand.MSc, UBT. Architecture - Spatial Planning, Prishtina, Kosovo, Student, cand.MSc, UBT. Architecture - Spatial Planning, Prishtina, Kosovo, University of Prishtina, Kosovo

Abstract: Education for urban development is a process with a primary role to preserve and use of environment, to manage spatial planning and urban development as a whole holistic system. In relation to education for sustainable development, creativity of urban planning and design can significantly improve quality of life of their urbanites. Ergo, students and teachers are an epic symbiosis in a process of teaching. Actually, this interaction can be more bonded and interdependent with high-tech didactic tools. The digital era has implemented in the education system new creative methods of learning, a new way style in schooling. The new turn of the century began a crucial activity for the city of Prishtina in terms of urban, demographic and education phenomena. The study and aim of this paper are to examine the teaching process, with the focus on creativity of interactive education. The research methods consist of empirical observation, and direct observation of teaching methods. Findings indicate that through an informal meeting places for interactive education, the teaching process in architectural studies can bring more: sustainable development and awareness of space, a didactic process which bonds multidimensional threads between students and teachers. Research concludes that uniform old teaching platform, cannot respond to all specific issues faced by students in this globalization era. Therefore, new teaching strategies must involve creativity of interactive education.

Key words: p Education, Urban, Art, Academia, Interactive



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 30_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2018-0030


Author(s): Ondina- Oana Turturică

Affiliation(s): Assistante PhD., „Aurel Vlaicu” University from Arad, Romania

Abstract: The present article aims to analyze the impact of artistic and educational projects from the perspective of non-formal education. This will be done with the help of a case study that brings forth the aforementioned elements in order to improve the educational standards of the students that participate in these projects. Also, here will be detailed the specific objectives of the projects in this category and the impact imprinted on the target groups as well as the implementation manners of the objectives themselves, by following the factors that stimulate creativity and the degree of young people involvement in this project.

Key words: education, project, artistic, study, methods, creativity, design, non formal



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 31_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0031


Author(s): Marinela Rusu

Affiliation(s): Researcher PhD. and visual artist, Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gheorghe Zane” from Iași Branch, Romania

Abstract: Creativity is one of the specific human traits. The development of personality is most often realized in close correlation with the creative dynamics of each one. The paper proposed by us brings into discussion the most important factors that contribute to the development of creativity. What makes us more creative, what are the conditions that unleash the creative forces of the individual's mind? First, the cultural factors, inherited ideas about creativity, are critically analyzed. Thus, there are a number of "myths of creativity" that infuse our perception (sometimes in a wrong way) on the definition and understanding of creativity. The family also offers, through education and personal example, means of stimulating creativity. It is the first step towards performance creativity. In this paper, we also present the best-known techniques of creativity training, some of them, in the view of the "new age" trend. Creativity always interferes with a task, as we have to improvise, responding for moment to moment to the changing demands of the situation. Daily creativity improvise and is therefore, different from what the researchers of creativity have studied: creativity that results in a finished product. In order to become more creative, we will have to orient ourselves differently: to have a motivation for it, to choose a field in which we excel, to accept collaboration, to be confident and take risks. Creativity means rejecting the conventional, the routine and finding new solutions in personal development.

Key words: creativity, personality, family, society, brainstorming



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 32_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2018-0032


Author(s): Ona Ionica Anghel

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: The subject of supporting talented young people through educational strategies and educational policies is more and more concerning for the researchers in the area of ​​psycho-pedagogy of excellence. The problems solved by the policies and strategies of supporting talented students have a double nature: some have of a moral and personal nature, invoking the right to equitable education for each and the maximum development of talent for oneself, others have social and economic nature. In order for a person to be creative, to offer innovative solutions to various technical, environmental, social, cultural, etc. a partnership is needed: the talented person and his supporters - the family, the school, the economic environment, the country where he lives. The paper discusses the two major categories of issues generated by the lack of support of young talent, insisting on the phenomena of intelligence migration.

Key words: t talent, giftedness, support, brain drain, brain waist



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 33_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0033


Author(s): Oana Jitaru

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University from Iaşi, Romania

Abstract: The paper analyzes paradigms that highlight the role of active teaching and active learning methods in developing the skills for the professional and social life of the students. The first chapter of the paper argues the need to develop social and creative abilities that lead students to competence in design thinking. Successful response of the student to the demands of professional and social life requires skills like empathy, assertiveness, cooperation, problem solving, implementation of innovative solutions. Ability of design thinking involves a divergent thinking, ability to autonomously design their own strategies in relation to personal development needs, self-assertion and prosocial project development. The training of these skills is possible if the educational environment is one that offers stimulating techniques, adequately prepared human resources, social training contexts. Interactive teaching enables the student to act independently, to be capable of self-management and personal development. The proactive creativity of teachers facilitates active learning methods which will lead to students developing empathy, assertiveness and competence in design thinking.

Key words: design thinking ability, active learning, assertivity, empathy, social competence



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 34_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0034

Title: Areas of artistic education in early education: theoretical references

Author(s): Viorica Crişciuc

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: The article describes conceptual aspects related to the artistic tendencies in preschool education.The realization of this process is presented by operating with the concepts of the famous occidental, Russian and local scientists. One of the ideas characteristic to the scientists’ pedagogical thinking is that in the process of formation/development of the child through arts, the child is submitting the objects and phenomena to his/her previously acquired assimilation schemes. To insure integrity in the practical way of the early education, the methodology we are proposingis based on a research, a significant theoretical network ofsuccessful pedagogical practicesof word known scientists. The analyzed theories are a source of inspiration and constitute the theoretical universe which contributes to as-truthful-as-possible preschool educationof the child.Early education is the most important period in one’s life through the sustainable consequences it has on his/her ultimate development.

Key words: artistic tendencies, fields of art, musical skills, early education, the mechanism of knowledge



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 35_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0035


Author(s): Tatiana Bularga

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: In efforts to design the implementation process of innovative artistic praxeology we emerged from the assumption that TDA (teacher’s didactic action) and PAA (pupil artistic action) become fundamental values ​​of the integration of theory and praxeology in perspective of an effective education, provided that they be widely used both horizontally and vertically, according to the pentagonal model consisting of principles: proactivity, artistic intro-opening, creation/creativity, of success, re-conceptualizing and instrumented in modern theoretical and methodological perspectives. Modern education, especially the artistic one, has a stringent need of an innovative praxeology, which, unlike the receptive praxeology, does not take over the rough theoretical and methodological approaches, but obliges the practitioner to gather from the available sources only the ideas of perceived essences, so that later to come before pupils with new actional options. Such a praxeology becomes more than just a practical act, because it puts the teacher in the role of interim manager function between theory and practice.

Key words: artistic education, efficiency, innovative and artistic praxeology, artistic action of teacher, artistic action of pupil/student, proactive behavior, success of personality, actional options, implementation process



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 36_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0036


Author(s): Marina Cosumov

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: Man is the only being that lives in the world not only biologically, but also spiritually, essentially due to education, which is permanent, continuous, omnipresent and creates values. Lifelong education represents an organizational and philosophic principle which requires that lifelong education throughout a person’s existence determines each individual to develop his/her personality with the help of a complex system of means, which must meet his/her educational and cultural needs and ambitions. Art is the fundamental dimension of education that uses in the development of personality the educational potential of the aesthetic, social and natural beauty.

Key words: lifelong education, education through art, aesthetic-artistic values, personality


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 37_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0037


Author(s): Marina Morari

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: The present article identifies the characteristics of a good textbook, it analyses and describes some of the concepts used in the structure of the Musical Education textbook for the second grade in the Republic of Moldova. Some units of the textbook are classified and characterised in relation to the requirements of modern education. Also, the article describes working techniques with some of the contents: theme title, the interface text, the informative text, pictographic images.

Key words: musical education, working techniques with the textbook, specific skills, textbook content elements, interface text, informative text, pictographic images



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 38_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0038

Title: The technique of optimal use of facial muscles in trumpet interpretation

Author(s): Iulian Horez

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD.,“George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: Facial muscles have an overwhelming importance in obtaining a special sonority, a perfect instrumental technique. In fact, through their vibration all sonority is produced by these muscles, and the level of professionalism one can reach depends on their degree of efficient use. We shall next analyze the specific issues and modality of use. While playing a mouthpiece instrument, due to the way facial muscle s are used, the following issues arise: exaggerated facial muscles stretching, clamping, undue strain, vibration limitation (by over-pressing, outer reason).

Key words: trumpet interpretive technique, way of using facial muscles



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 39_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0039

Title: History and Modernity in artistic education FROM ROMANIA

Author(s): Eugenia Maria Paşca

Affiliation(s): Professor PhD.,“George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: The issue of artistic education is not new, it is still concerned and concerned by many specialists. The newities emerged and imposed from time to time in the evolution of culture and education were and are determined by the scientific and artistic achievements, the enrichment of the possibilities of knowledge and valorization of the experiences and achievements, both from the field of artistic didactics, as well as from musical creation and interpretative art. The perspectives, especially in the last half century, aimed at increasing the knowledge of the child's physical and mental peculiarities, his ability to form audiences, visions and chinestecs, and the fundamental aims pursued by specialists - teachers and researchers - have been and have continued to improve the contributions of music, literature and dance to the aesthetic and ethical education of children, to developing their sensitivity and intelligence, in other words, to the formation and harmonious development of the children's personality. From the perspective of knowing and preserving the national identity, in the non-formal educational system existing in Romania, there are musical-literary-choreographic circles with folkloric specifics organized in the Children's Clubs and Palaces. Also, through school curriculum (CDS), there are initiatives by music education teachers to capitalize on music-literary-choreographic folklore through new disciplines, giving pupils the knowledge of local, regional and national traditions.

Key words: artistic education, creativity, non-formal education, school curriculum, folklore



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 18 / 2019 / 40_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.2478 / RAE-2019-0040

Title: The Effect of Pitch Height, Timbre and Octave Error on Absolute Pitch Accuracy. Educational Implications

Author(s): Dorina Geta Iușcă

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD.,“George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: The accuracy of absolute pitch has often fallen into mythical perspectives, as this rare ability tends to fascinate people through its spectacular results. Many people tend to think that a musician with absolute pitch is always capable of identifying the musical note of any sound in any circumstances. The research literature has revealed that this is rarely true. Although there is a significant difference between real absolute pitch owners and pseudo-absolute pitch owners, the accuracy of absolute pitch is highly influenced by a series of musical factors such as: pitch chroma, pitch height and musical timbre. Therefore, it has been proven that the best absolute pitch accuracy manifests for medium pitch sounds, while very high or very low sounds tend to often be misidentified. Even more, absolute pitch owners tend to make an unusual mistake of misidentifying the octave. The familiar sounds (for example from the instrument the musician has studied in childhood) tend to produce less identification errors. Nevertheless, the piano timbre is usually associated with the best accuracy of absolute pitch. The aim of the present research is to synthetize up-to-date literature regarding the way these factors influence the accuracy of absolute pitch. The study focuses on the idea of normalizing the general perspective of absolute pitch accuracy, as musicians and teachers often tend to have very high expectations regarding this ability. The educational implications of the new perspective drawn here contribute to a better relation between teachers and students, as well as to a better understanding of this interesting musical ability.

Key words: absolute pitch accuracy, pitch height, pitch chroma, octave error, timbre.


[1]Anzieu Didier, Le corps de l’œuvre,Gallimard, Bibliothèque de l’inconscient, Paris,1981, pag. 377.


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