REVIEW OF ARTISTIC EDUCATION

 

Review  it is published
by De Gruyter Open


Center of Intercultural Studies
and Researches,


Department  for  Teachers Education


 
Ștefania Moga
Translator

 

Carmen Elena Antochi
Desktop Publishing

 

General Informations
Year of Release: 2011

 

Publishing:
©2017 "George Enescu" National University of Arts Iasi

ISSN 2501-238X
ISSN–L 2069-7554

ISSN = 2069 - 755

www.rae.arts.ro

Format: print, electronic abstract and full text
Releases/year: 2

DOI: 105151/rae

 

©2017 Artes Publishing House - "George Enescu" National University of Arts
Str. Costache Negruzzi 7-9, 700126, Iaşi, Romania
Tel.: 0040-232.276.462
Fax: 0040-232.276.462
e-mail: dppd@arteiasi.ro


Creative Commons License

anunt-c.png


Issue 13-14/2017 tackles the theme

 
Art, creativity and innovation in education


Editor, responsible for the issue: Prof. PhD. Eugenia Maria Pasca, "George Enescu" National University of Arts Iasi / founder director / editor-in-chief

The deadline for submitting the articles is 30th of Octomber 2016.

 


 

avatar.png

Available Issues:

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 14 Year: 2017



Journal Code:  Review of Artistic Education       

 

 

 

Issue Information:  DOI: 105151/rae-2017-0017-0036

 


 

Volume 1 / number 14 / Year 2017

 


 

Cover Date (month and year): 03.2017

 


 


download3.jpg


PART III FINE ARTS 


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 17_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0017

 

1. Title: NECKLACES AND PENDANTS OF THE METAL AGE ON THE TERRITORY OF ROMANIA

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ioana-Iulia Olaru

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Profesor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi  

   

Abstract: The present paper will refer to an aspect of processing metals on the territory of Romania, in Bronze Age and Iron Age (the second age habing been studied up to the moment when Prehistory ended: 1st century B.C., being continued by Antiquity). Unfortunately, few pieces were found in settlements and in necropoleis, so it is difficult to attribute the artifacts of the Metal Age to one or other of the existing cultures, though the region where they were produced can be mentioned. Consequently, their study can lead to another classification than the chronological one, and that is of the field of ornamental arts in metal. We will focus only on two types of objects that embellish the neck and the chest: necklaces and pendants, which help us create a vivid image of this important artistic field of the Iron Age on the territory of our country, these two joining the other important types of jewels: bracelets, rings, fibulae, phaleras. 


Key words: au repoussé, en violon, torques, saltaleone, tutul

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 18_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0018

 

2. Title: EMPATHY AND COMMUNICATION THROUGH ART

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marinela Rusu

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Profesor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi  

   

Abstract: Art is one of the finest means of shaping the personality, of access to aesthetic and moral values of society. The paper presents some of the elements of communication through art, in the double sense of this process, from the artwork (creator) to the viewer, but also from the viwer to the work of art and creator. The key-element of this dual process is the empathy, the ability to feel the emotional states of others. It develops within a set of personality traits, including: emotional intelligence, emotional feelings diversity, cognitive skills, along with motivation and personal ideals. Art is a medium of communication but also an element of developing a general receptivity to the world and its authentic values.


Key words:  art, communication, empathy, creativity, art receptor, aesthetic judgment

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 19_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0019

 

3. Title: PROPOSALS REGARDING THE WORK STRATEGIES IN PLASTIC VISUAL ACTIVITIES. THE PROFESSOR AS A VISUAL ART MEDIATOR

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

   

Abstract: Starting from the cultural mediator model, the teacher, in his turn, can be positioned from the perspective of the assumed positioned of art mediator. Thus, his role would be to make art accessible to a public under training (students). Approaching activities in an upward direction - from the uninitiated (students) towards the professionals (artists), the designed activities will thus start from the developmental needs of the students. Finding ways of connecting youth and art by introducing art into everyday life and identifying examples where elements, skills and knowledge about art can be applied in everyday life and the permanent concentration of the mediator professor on the public/youth/students and not on the works of art and, thus placing young people at the heart of artistic mediation are several ways of opening, awakening and training the interest of the new art public.


Key words:  professor, student, art public, artistic mediation

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 20_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0020

 

4. Title: KNOWLEDGE AND VALORISATION OF THE PLASTIC LANGUAGE AND OF THE FOLK DECORATIVE MOTIFS IN THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION STUDY PROCESS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Olimpiada Arbuz-Spatari

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University from Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia

   

Abstract: The framework and the reference objectives of the 'Textile art' course signal priority of the student‟s initiation in the fine arts language theory. It is essential to discover new possibilities to study and apply of fine arts language elements for the purposes of triggering students‟ creativity. For this purpose, at the course of "Textile art", we will examine the necessity of studying fine arts language, synthesis of creative forms when essentially determining the contents in the process of development of artistic creativity to fine arts education students. In the process of development of artistic creativity in students it is important to study the language elements by selecting and processing artistic elements of nature. The study of the elements of fine arts language contributes to educating and informing the creative personality while choosing and processing the reality in the context of a methodical creative thinking - along with compositional regularities of scale, rhythm, movement and fine arts forms.


Key words:  elements of the fine arts (plastic) language, decorative motifs, folk ornaments, instruction process

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 21_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0021

 

5. Title: THE BASIC PRINCINPLES OF THE WORKING PROCESS FROM NATURE AND THE ROLE OF COMPOSITION IN CREATING LANDSCAPE IN TERMS OF PLEIN-AIR

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Iarîna Savițkaia-Baraghin

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., Academy of Music, Drama and Visual Arts from Chișinau, Republic of Moldavia

   

Abstract: Principles of possession of the landscape painting, applied by masters of the past, as well as theoretical elaborations of scientists in the field of chromatics, psychology and pedagogy of arts, become important components in improving training methods of artists in plein-air in contemporary conditions. The skills and knowledge gained in the process of plein-air studies form professional skills and improve the properties of painting and composition within the workshop. This studying outlines the stringency of training and development methods of creative individuality, especially in plein-air, where the principal teacher is the nature. The plein-air enriches color perception of the real world, located in the air, and mutual relationship of landscape with architecture and space determines knowledge of the issues of proportionality and subordination in compositions, educates sense of proportion and artistic taste. Improving visual mastery into the natural environment contributes to the formation to painters of the necessity to create outside the workshop, which is a necessary condition for the development of individuality and professional skills of the painter.


Key words:  plein-air, composition, landscape, painting, perspective

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 22_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0022

 

6. Title: SOME METHODOLOGY ASPECTS REGARDING THE ORGANIC DEPOSITS REMOVAL INTERVENTIONS IN THE PROTHESIS OF THE CHURCH OF DRAGOMIRNA MONASTERY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Bogdan Teodor Gavrilean

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iași, Romania

   

Abstract: Less visible to the general public, the area of the Prothesis inside the sanctuary of the “Pentecost” heritage church, of Dragomirna Monastery, shows a particular casuistic due to the diversity of types of degradation recorded at the time of its restoration (2011). The dominant form is the adherent candlewax deposits, present on the surface of the paint layer in various stages of hardness. The particular state of conservation features occurring in this area, corroborated with a series of aggravating environmental factors, imposed the application of a special restoration intervention methodology in the area of the Prothesis.


Key words:  Heritage monuments, Northern Moldavia wall paintings, murals restoration, organic deposits, vandalism

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 23_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0023

 

7. Title: UNIVERSAL STUDIOS OF ART: PROFESSIONALIZATION AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO ART EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Augustine Okola Bardi

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., University of Benin, from Benin City, Nigeria

   

Abstract: During the 2nd Black World and African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC) in 1977, a lot of novel, creative and artistic events took place in Lagos. One of these was the construction of a monument, the National Arts Theatre, which also accommodated the National Gallery of Art. Invariably, the presence of the Gallery made the Arts Theatre management allocate the premises of the Theatre to some notable Nigerian artists for use as Artists in Residence. The premises eventually, by 1980, became an institutional and inspirational workshop for budding Nigerian artists. The activities of the artists were so professionally accepted that it was named the National Studios of Art. However, at the time the Studio had become the centre of sound informal art training, it was given a relocation order which caused serious controversy between the Gallery and the artists. The artists eventually accepted the relocation order, and this, necessarily, led to changing the name to the Universal Studios of Art (USA). As the professional artists became globally known, the USA also became a tourist centre for both local and foreign visitors and artists. Till today, the activities of the USA continue to attract national and international attention. Very as unfortunately, no scholarly study of the Universal Studios of Art has been carried out, despite its outstanding professional qualities.. For many years, the artists have developed valuable art forms and art styles that have contributed to the advancement of modern Nigerian art. It is the objective of this article, therefore, to document the artists of the Universal Studios of Art


Key words:  Arts Theatre, Budding Nigerian artists, Universal Studios of Art, Valuable art works, Advancement of Nigerian art

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 24_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0024

 

8. Title: INDUSTRIAL DESIGN: THE ROLES AND FACTORS OF AESTHETICS, MODELING, STYLING, PRODUCT BRAND AND BRANDING IN DESIGN/DESIGN EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Obasuyi Osa-Francis Efer

 

Affiliation(s): Senior Lecturer PhD., University of Benin, from Benin City, Nigeria

   

Abstract: This paper examined the roles and factors of Aesthetics viz-a-viz those of modeling, styling and the product Brand (Branding) as viewed against their fundamental relevance as core ingredients for the actualization of any Design initiative and creative endeavour. These roles, influences and place of Aesthetics (and its allied components, makes up the very soul, content and essence of what the product is all about. Its Form, Shape, Morphological / physical attributes and characteristics. The paper established that the aesthetic components of beauty, colour, shape, (form) fonts, (lettering or typography) and all other general Aesthetic Ambience gives the given product the desired quality/beauty that it exudes to help determine its marketability / profitability as a Brand. The paper also reviewed the aspects /implications of these roles and influences on Design Education alongside highlighting the potentials of the Design Educator – learner experience, while exploiting the Teachers ability to effectively harmonise the various approaches and practices of a functional Design-led Educational programme viz-a-viz piloting such talents/skills achieved to practicable and useful ends as professionals in Design and Technology. The paper also seeks to establish that the roles and factors of modeling styling and Branding of the product which is best exemplified through the adaptation of Design inputs and features such as ornamentation, edge delineation, texture movement/flow of linear form, symmetry or Assymetry of shapes, colour, granularity (of matter/particles large or small) or coarseness, play of light (sunlight) and shade, transcendence (state of being or existence of a product beyond the limits of material experience) and that of total harmony. The paper recommends that for any product Brand to succeed it must incorporate all of the above components together with the inclusion of the other qualities that makes up the intangible content of the Brand such as, Brand Name, Logo, Tagline (catchphrase) the Graphics (elements of Design) Brand Shape, Brand colour, culminating in the establishment of what the Brand mission statement is about, its function, role or job it is intended to perform.


Key words:  Granularity/Coarseness,Transcendence of material, Alliteration, Initialism, Neologisms of Brand, “Form Begat Form”, Form Follows Function

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 25_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0025

 

9. Title: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE DRAWING IN THE ARTISTIC CREATION PROCESS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Mircea Ştefănescu

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

   

Abstract: In this academic paper I want to highlight the importance of the drawing and its purpose in the visual artist's creative effort which is in full artistic activity. I will illustrate what I have said previously with the drawings by artists such as Dürer Alfred, Alberto Giacometti, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Andeea Paladio and others artists who have created numerous drawings to study, or as the remarkable artworks. So, during the artistic process the sculptors, the painters or the architects draw to study, to remember or to clarify their own ideas. Many drawings are straightforward, with a single-purpose and spontaneous, but often are an intuitive response to an experience or an idea which must be necessarily put on paper. These studies are often the means by which the artists develop passages which is meant to be incorporated in a detailed and complex art composition.


Key words:  drawing, composition, spontaneous, creative effort, study

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 26_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0026

 

10. Title: CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION IN VISUAL ARTS THROUGH FORM AND SPACE HAVING SYMBOLIC VALUE

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Mihai – Cosmin Iaţeşen

 

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD., “George Enescu“ National University of Arts from Iași

   

Abstract: The numerous plastic approaches of form in the 20th century are characterized by creativity and innovation. Form, as expression of an artistic language, is the cause and effect for the cultural evolution of a particular spatial-temporal area. The invention of forms depending on the factors which will impose them in a particular socio-cultural context and location environment is not everything. The challenges of the act of creation are far more complex. For the art of the 20th century, the role of the type of expression in visual or gestural language proved much more convincing and meaningful as to the data or phenomena occurring in immediate reality. The personality of the artist, his cultural character, his media coverage and exterior influences of his inner world, his preceding experiences and receiver‟s contacts in a specific area are the factors that influence the relation between the work of art and the audience against a particular spatial-temporal background. The psychological and sensory processes in works of plastic art are spatially configured in structures, which leads to self-confession. The artist filters the information and the elements of exterior reality through the vision of his imagination and power of expression specific to his inner self, and turns them into values through the involvement of his state of mind. Constantin Brâncuşi is the sculptor whose role was considered exponential as he revolutionized modern artistic vision by integrating and creating space-form relations through symbol. Throughout his complex work – the Group of Monumental Sculptures of Tg. Jiu, the artist renewed the language of the sculpture-specific means of expression, though archaic forms, by restoring traditional art. Archetypes often make reference to the initial and ideal form and they represent the primitive and native models composing it. Form attracts, polarizes and integrates the energy of the matter outside the human body, and art acquires a unifying function for the senses of our spirit. We identify the forms developed by the junction between fantastic forms, the figments of the imagination of artists who communicate deep human meanings. They invite us in a world of constructive forms and mysteries, truly innovative and elaborate creations, by underlying different directions in the compositional space with symbolic value.


Key words:  art, creativity, innovation, form, space

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 27_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0027

 

11. Title: MODERN TEACHING METHODS IN CREATIVE WORKSHOP FASHION DESIGN COURSES

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ondina-Oana Turturică

 

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD., ”Aurel Vlaicu” University from Arad, Romania

   

Abstract: The aim of this article is to specify and exemplify the stages of the creative process in fashion design courses and workshops, with a focus on a few learning methods exploring the creative potential through content and visual analysis processes as well as more practical techniques and methods in the area of fashion design and applied arts. From scientific documentation to pedagogical experiments, a range of methods have been used to enable students fulfill their learning objectives and reach the apex of professional competence.


Key words:  method, teaching, design, visual, creativity


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 28_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0028

 

12. Title: THE VISUAL ART FROM IASI BETWEEN TRADITION AND INNOVATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Mirela Ştefănescu

 

Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate / “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

   

Abstract: After December 1989 in visual art from Iasi were produced numerous changes which have contributed to a new approach of the artistic phenomenon. That was the moment when a new generation of artists appeared and who, unshackle by the rigors of the communist regime, they have created artworks by experimenting the most varied ways of visual expression. An important aspect of this transition period is the place which visual art has it in the culture from Iasi and the aesthetic trends learned by the new generation alongside older artistic directions define the value of the contemporary cultural heritage from Iasi. Also, an important role in the presentation of the visual art from Iasi is the artistic education, which it‟s in a constant development with the advent of new specializations within the Faculty of Visual Arts and Design, highlighting the artistic and scientific potential of the professors and the students of „George Enescu” Național University of Arts from Iasi.


Key words:  artistic phenomenon, the new generation, visual expression, transition

 

PART IV EDUCATION 

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 29_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0029

 

1. Title: EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ART EXPRESSIONS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marinela Rusu

 

Affiliation(s): Researcher PhD. and visual artist / Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gheorghe Zane” from Iași Branch

   

Abstract: Aesthetic education forms and develops a mental quality of the individual, namely, general receptivity to the world and life. It can be said, however, that aesthetic education includes a multiplicity of meanings, formative and educative in relation to personality. All this has a profound echo in the whole personality, whether at the emotional or behavioral level. Art touches and contributes to creating prints from which the later emotional pleasure, taste, artistic judgment and discernment on human values will develop. Emotion refers not only to the aesthetics but involves more often, ethics, behavioral preferences in choosing one or another conduct. Emotions enrich the register of artistic self-expression and complements the temperamental and the character profile of a person. Here we analyze these relevant issues in an experiment conducted at the "Elena Cuza" Primary School of Iasi, Romania. We also present the conclusions of Art Intervention in school for these students. Art intervention in school can become an affective-emotional aim in educator-student relationship and may have important, long term evolutionary consequences, referring to the achievement of personal ideals and efficiency of educational activity.


Key words:  emotion, behavior, art, aesthetic education, art intervention


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 30_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0030

 

2. Title: THE CONCEPT OF “MODELARIUM” AND ITS IMPACT ON CREATIVITY AND ARTISTIC EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Bujar Bajçinovci; Florina Jerliu

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., University from Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo; Associate Professor PhD., University from Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo

   

Abstract: Students and Teachers are an epic symbiosis in process of direct learning and academic advancement. Nowadays, this interaction is more bonded and interdependent with technology and equipment‟s, which in a whole system expands learning horizons. The digital era has introduced in the education system new modes of learning, a new way of life and style in schooling. This phenomenon changed the methods of teaching in universities, where lectures were accompanied with concrete explanations of works in modeling, in structural and conceptual sense. The relationship between a student of architecture and teachers broadened with introduction of computer aided modeling and simulation tools to construct those ideas into the reality. The study presented in this paper investigates conceptual methods in art, architecture, creativity and innovation in academic education, focusing on interactive teaching issues, and methods. The research methods consist of empirical observation carried out during 25 years of experience in academia, and direct observation of teaching methods. The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolutive process in teaching relations between architectural students and teachers, with the focus in educational competencies and communication skills. Findings indicate that through artistic concepts of “Modelarium” as an unconventional learning space, a tool and space that enables the partnership. An informal meeting place for artistic interaction, but, concurrently it is a formal part of the educational system in architectural studies, a strategy by which we can bring more: time, conceptual awareness of space and interactive teaching in architecture, which bonds multidimensional threads between students and teachers; thus, fostering a powerful sense of partnership, avoiding boredom and passive learning, while facing the challenges, associated with the development of technology, life style, real issues and global world trends. Research suggests that uniform and/or partially new strategy, cannot respond to all specific issues faced by students in day to day basis. Therefore, new teaching strategies must involve new partnerships, a brand new and a redefined role as a holistic symbiosis, as an response to a less functional and/or conventional academic system. Partnership, a new working symbiosis between students and teachers is an answer to the needs of working together simultaneously towards continuous improvement of academia processes.


Key words:  Education, Architecture, Modeling, Art, Academia, Partnership


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 31_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0031

 

3. Title: INDUSTRIAL DESIGN AND CONTEXTUALISM: THE APPLIED ARTS CONSTITUENT/ CURRICULUM IMPERATIVES IN DESIGN PRACTICE AND EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Obasuyi Osa-Francis Efer

 

Affiliation(s): Senior Lecturer PhD., University of Benin, from Benin City, Nigeria

   

Abstract: This paper examined the Curriculum imperatives of Industrial design education and the Contextualism of the principles and practice of disciplines such as Applied Arts and Industrial Design viz-a-viz their constituent and contextual roles and place in design practice/ Industry. The issue of contextualism as it relates to Design and the Applied Arts according to DeRose, K. (2009) would seem to mean a collection of views, theories, principles or philosophy of Design / applied Arts which seems to emphasize the context in which the action principles or purpose of design is understood relative to such a context. ie. In Design, the principles and practice of Applied Arts / Design disciplines (such as in Architecture) for example, contextualism refers to that theory of design in which modern / contemporary designs (buildings, products or structures) are harmonized together with the contemporary design ideals, forms and characteristics peculiar to modern ways/styles of living. (Jencks, 2002). This informed the need and thrust of this paper which was predicated on the consideration of contextualing such a role/place of the Applied Arts as a constituent of Design and spotlighting it to be innately and intrinsically connected to the resultative man-made material culture and society. The paper also seeks to establish that the principles and practice of Design education emphasises the Teacher-learner relationship which is aimed at imparting credible problem solving skills and initiatives such as drawing, drafting (draught-manship), modeling or sculpting (in clay or industrial plasticine) styling and prototype creation (realized by moulding/shaping of the clay material to assume any contour, shape, form or topology of the given object) in ordeer to achieve that innate context and desire for the perfect product so designed. This paper recommends that for any design to succeed it must emplace (strictly) a well articulated Industrial Design Curriculum which elucidates those Applied Arts principles and practice as a constituent/major component part in the Design process of manufacture of any given design initiative.


Key words:  Algorithmic / Heuristic Approaches, Contextualism, Design Curriculum/Education, Ideation, Industrial Plasticine, “Partipris”, Polymer Clay


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 32_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0032

 

4. Title: KAZEEM OLOJO: A PROFESSIONAL PAINTER AND AN ART INSTRUCTOR UNIVERSAL STUDIOS OF ART, LAGOS, NIGERIA

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Augustine Okola Bardi

 

Affiliation(s): Senior Lecturer PhD., University of Benin, from Benin City, Nigeria

   

Abstract: The works of art are priceless going by the quality of works exhibited by an artist. The artist tends to describe a particular scene near to the natural object in question. In the 15th and 16th centuries , France relayed on the impressionists who graduated from workshops and schools of apprentice in the likes of Gauguin, Monet, Manet, Degas, Renoir Cezanne, Delacroix and others to capture scenes of the Parisian country side that existed long age. The artist and his works remain indispensible to the existing societies. This form of art venture is not new to Nigeria where schools and workshops of apprenticeship exist. In Nigeria, the existing heritage and traditions if not for the artists will not be translated into art by the artists particularly painters like Dale, Oshinowo, Oguntokun, Emokpae, El-Dragg and others. The existence of workshops and schools of learning art have trained more artists to keep the aesthetical values of art. The society would be no doubt an unpleasant community without a touch of the arts. The artists who on daily bases create by painting, sculpting to make the environment a pleasurable place remain an important factor in the society


Key words:  Workshops and Schools, Apprenticeship, Heritage and Traditions, Aesthetical values, Society


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 33_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0033

 

5. Title: STUDY OF ARTS TEACHERS’ VISION ON SUPPORTING “ARTISTIC TALENT”

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ona Ionica Anghel

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

   

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to find out the arts teachers‟ opinion regarding the three issues related to the strategies aimed to support pupils with artistic talent: what is? who supports? how do they support? the artistic talent. Three goals lead us to this aim: to sketch the profile of the pupils with artistic talent, depending on their conduct and needs; the identification of the activities to support these special children; the identification of the extent to which different institutions get involved in supporting the pupils with artistic talent. To achieve these goals, we used the opinion poll as a research method and the created instrument was represented by a five-item questionnaire - four of them requiring open answers and one for closed answers. A total of 29 teachers of visual arts and music education, theoretical and interpretive, were selected for this study. The obtained results brought us close to the image that the teachers have on the artistic talent phenomenon. According to the teachers, the artistic talent is visible if we pay attention to four fields: creativity, passion, harnessing talent, specific skills. Meeting the needs (material, emotional support, socialization with peers, recognition of their talent) can be sources of shaping the educational strategies to support pupils with artistic talent by the main responsible institutions – the Ministry of Education, inspectorates, schools, NGOs.


Key words:  artistic talent, vision of teachers, talented students, educational strategies


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 34_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0034

 

6. Title: STRATEGIES FOR MODELLING THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF INTERNAL RESOURCES STIMULATION OF THE CHILD

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Elena Zolotariov; Eugenia Foca

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia; Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

   

Abstract: The article reflects an attempt to rethink the methodology of organizing the pedagogical process, oriented towards the development of “the humane in the person", shifting its focus onto stimulating children's inner resources. The emphasis is shifted from the teaching, learning and assessment processes, focused on research of the surrounding reality towards the exploitation of the child's innate potentials, the ability to know his inner world. Maintaining the innate resources of each learner will require from teacher of post-modern school the application of techniques to create the necessary social and psychological conditions, to provide a path for learners‟ individual development. Thus, each child will have the chance to realize their potential talent, including sensitive dimension of their spiritual and moral world, this representing the authors' research subject.


Key words:  child, emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, moral reasoning, art-pedagogical strategies


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 35_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0035

 

7. Title: PROFESSOR OF ART PARADIGMS: THEORETICAL AND APPLIED APPROACHES

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Tatiana Bularga

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

   

Abstract: The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.


Key words:  teacher of artistic disciplines, training program, learning content, purposes, professional competence, effectiveness of teacher‟s actions, innovative praxeology, renovation in artistic education, originality of thought, creativity, proactivity


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 36_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0036

 

8. Title: POSITIONING ARTS IN THE CURRICULUM: POSSIBLE DISCREPANCIES AND WHAT THEY SIGNIFY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Mihaela Mitescu Manea

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Profesor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iasi

   

Abstract:
Discrepancies in the way arts are positioned and approached in mainstream curricula in Europe afford awareness over the great diversity of contextualized actions and the social, cultural and historical tenets informing arts‟ role and place in relation to school based learning and education. Diversity invites exploration and may allow a better understanding of what functions as a constraint and what as an affordance to the pedagogical reforms and epistemological repositioning almost every national system of education embarked on, in contemporary Europe. It is proposed here a critical reading of the documented approaches to arts in educational practice in contemporary Europe, framing four main false dichotomies: reason vs. emotions, theory vs. practice, general aptitudes vs. specific ones and individual competences vs. collective capacity building.


Key words:  educational practices, discrepancies, arts, curriculum, false dichotomies

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 13 Year: 2017

 

Journal Code:  Review of Artistic Education       

 

 

 

Issue Information:  DOI: 105151/rae-2017-0001-0016

 


 

Volume 1 / number 13 / Year 2017

 


 

Cover Date (month and year): 03.2017

 


 


download3.jpg


PART I MUSIC 


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 01_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0001

 

1. Title: THE LAWS OF MUSICAL ART AS A RESOURCE FOR THE EARLY EDUCATION METHODOLOGY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marina Morari

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia       

   

Abstract: The supreme function of music in the preschool institution is the educational one. As the development of the child depends on some physiological, psychological, socio-cultural and spiritual laws, so the musical art laws do with the methodology of the musical art process. In this article are characterized some laws through which is revealed the sounding, temporal, imagistic and expressive character of the music. The knowledge of the musical art laws determines the conformation to the specific to musical activities methodology; contributes to the generation/ development of the art consumer; facilitates the generation/development of the artistic abilities of the pre-schoolers/ parents; provides the adequate integration of art in the educative act of the pre-schooler; stimulates the interest and positive attitude for art. Under the peculiarities of the musical art laws there are built the ethodological suggestions for the early education. 


Key words: musical art laws, the eternity of music, the image of music, the expressiveness of music, musical education


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 02_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0002

 

2. Title: SYSTEMATICAL APPROACH OF INTEGRALITY OF MUSICAL DIDACTICAL ACTIVITY THROUGH THE DRAMATURGY AT MUSICAL EDUCATION LESSON

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marina Caliga

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia     

  

Abstract: The integrality of musical-didactical activities at the lesson as a systematical aproach of the musical education process is the problem that we search for. In this way, dramaturgy at the lesson is searched as one of the principles of this integrity. The words “project”, “diagram”, “scenario”, “libretto” of the lesson are described in this study through two aspects: emotional dramaturgy and reasonable dramaturgy. These are the most important purpose of the personal attitude and activity. Through what mechanisms the dramaturgy is obtained at the lesson? How the emotional tones lead to the culmination? How are integrated the words dramaturgy and systematization? All these questions are studied in this article. In this way, dramaturgy at the lesson is the mechanism that integrates the system.


Key words: integrality of the musical didactic activity, systematical approach, the dramaturgy at the lesson

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 03_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0003

 

3. Title: MAD SCENES: A WARNING AGAINST OVERWHELMING PASSIONS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Rossella Marisi

 

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD., Accademia di Belle Arti from Bologna, Italy

  

Abstract: This study focuses on mad scenes in poetry and musical theatre, stressing that, according to Aristotle‟s theory on catharsis and the Affektenlehre, they had a pedagogical role on the audience. Some mad scenes by J.S. Bach, Handel and Mozart are briefly analyzed, highlighting their most relevant textual and musical characteristics.


Key words: Affektenlehre, Austro-German composers of the eighteenth century, catharsis,hallucinations, rage

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 04_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0004

 

4. Title: PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE: CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE IN THE LEGAL-POLITICAL THINKING AND THE MUSICAL FIELD

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Flavia Marisi

 

Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate, Ghent University from Ghent, Belgium and LLM, Chinese University from Hong Kong, China

  

Abstract: A public, non-violent act not abiding by a recognized rule, and conscientiously done with the intent to frustrate the latter, is called an act of civil disobedience. Those who practice civil disobedience reject a specific rule, considering it unfitting with their own ethical, religious, or artistic values, and are prepared to suffer the indignities which may greet their act. The paper offers a comparative view on civil disobedience in the legal-political and the musical field, basing on the conceptualizations by philosophers and legal thinkers as Thoreau, Bedau, Rawls and Dworkin, and briefly analyzing some works by Monteverdi, Mozart and Liszt as examples of civil disobedience.


Key words: Artistic values, composition rules, ethical values, law, music theory

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 05_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0005

 

5. Title: TRANSDISCIPLINARY DIMENSIONS OF MUSIC EDUCATION: TERMINOLOGICAL AND CONCEPTUAL APPROACHES

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Viorica Crisciuc; Marina Cosumov

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia; Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

  

Abstract: Complex and integrated nature of issues such as globalization, migration, interculturalism, environmental protection, information explosion, claims a transdisciplinary approach to education and music education. To cope with changes characteristic of the contemporary world, students need as generic skills: the ability to learn how to learn, ability and problem-solving assessment. Transdisciplinarity - involves such issues often highly complex, using tools and rules specific to certain science investigations using concepts of these sciences, but in other contexts. Students are interested in concrete problems faced in everyday life and looking for more of these explanations and practical solutions. To identify issues related to cross-disciplinary dimension of music education concepts will investigate disciplinary, multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary are four arrows of a single bow: knowledge.


Key words: transdisciplinary, lifelong education, skills transdisciplinary musical education

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 06_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0006

 

6. Title: REQUIEM BY KARL JENKINS. AN ANALYTICAL APPROACH TO THE INTERWEAVING OF VARIOUS TRADITIONS IN MUSIC

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Loredana Viorica Iațeșen

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia; Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

  

Abstract: In the diverse space of contemporary music, the fascinating and controversial personality of the Welsh composer Karl Jenkins, which is surprising from several perspectives, stands out. Open to assimilating and processing music from various sources (academic, liturgical, folk, entertainment, oriental, exotic), the all-round musician Karl Jenkins impresses the public with unexpected artistic choices, giving up the hypostasis of instrumentalist of the jazz-rock band Nucleus and of the group Softmachine in favour of the postmodern creator he has become today, synthetizing trends from musical compositions of the last decades of the 20th century. Once with the return to the functional system, either through minimalism or through neo-romanticism, the artist has successfully covered a potential sonority path of modern opposites, also evoking references to creative models of the past. We are referring to the musical valorizing of the sacred in a synthetic vision between tradition and innovation, in the works included in the Adiemus cycle, in the opus choir Missa for Peace and, more particularly, in the Requiem (2005), a significant score in the contemporaneity. The manner in which the composer, while resorting to a musical genre originating from the Roman Catholic cult and drawing on the liturgical text of the Mass for the dead, inserted Japanese poetry, written following the structure of haiku, belonging to representative authors - Gozan Koshigaya, Issho Kosughi, Hokusai Katsushika, Kaga-no-Chiyo, is highly surprising. This study aims to highlight the interweaving imagined by Karl Jenkins between the two cultures as well as to conduct a semantic analysis of an opus in which the relationships between music and words entail a highly emotional response.


Key words: Associate Professor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, Romania

 

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 07_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0007

 

7. Title: GROUNDS OF ABSOLUTE PITCH DEVELOPMENT IN YAMAHA MUSIC SCHOOL

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Dorina Iușcă

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania

  

Abstract: Absolute pitch is defined as the ability to identify the pitch class of a certain given sound without the aid of an external reference pitch (Takeuchi & Hulse, 1993; Deutsch, 2002). The incidence of absolute pitch is extremely rare among the general population, respectively 1 in 10.000 people and it depends on testing conditions such as the number of identified sounds, pitch Chroma, pitch height, timbre, register or requested reaction time, and also on subjects musical training commencing and Eastern-Asian origins. The way absolute pitch develops is described by three models: the tone language theory, the early training theory and the genetic theory. The early training theory states that absolute pitch appears due to the beginning of musical lessons during a critical development period situated before the age of 6. The educational implications of this theory are revealed in the principles and activities of Yamaha Music School which employs didactic strategies that naturally develop absolute pitch. Yamaha Music School is the largest private music education system from Japan, established by Torakusu Yamaha in 1954. Up to this day it has extended in 40 countries from Europe, Asia and the American continents, as it has about 710 million students and 30.000 teachers. The present study aims to illustrate a detailed analysis of the way the learning experiences offered by Yamaha School lead to the development of absolute pitch.


Key words: absolute pitch, Yamaha Music School, early training theory

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 08_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0008

 

8. Title: THE DEVELOPMENT OF MUSIC-PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION OF UKRAINE IN THE 60'S –70-IES OF THE XX CENTURY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Vladimir Cherkasov

 

Affiliation(s): Professor PhD., „Volodymyr Vynnychenko” State Pedagogical University from Kirovohrad, Ukraine

  

Abstract: The article has analyzed and systematized the development of musical-pedagogical education in Ukraine in the 60's –70-ies of XX century. It has summarized the experience of training of specialists with higher musical-pedagogical education at the faculties of Humanities, where the 50's - 60's graduates received diplomas of philologists, historians, geographers with additional qualification of a teacher of music and singing. It has also been grounded the establishment of the first musical-pedagogical faculties at educational institutions in different regions of Ukraine (Kyiv, Luhansk, Drohobych, Odesa, Zaporozhia). Having based on the analysis of the archival documents it has been revealed the main directions of the formation of teaching staff of specialized departments, organization of the educational process, creation of the art groups, participation of students in research work, teaching practice at secondary schools. It has been proved the importance of concert performance and musical educational work in the pedagogical formation of prospective teachers of music and singing. Their role in raising the level of musical and aesthetic education of children and youth in the 60's of last century has been proved. The 70‟s years of the twentieth century of the history of Ukraine are known as the years of corresponding changes in the socio-political processes, "thaw" in all spheres of life, particularly in the organization of higher education activity. This period of musical-pedagogical education is characterized by democratization and the search for more advanced forms of the educational-upbringing process.


Key words: musical-pedagogical education, musical-pedagogical faculties of, training of teachers of music and singing, organization of the educational process

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 09_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0009

 

9. Title: A RESEARCH OF THE MUSICAL EDUCATION AT GEORGE BREAZUL AND DMITRI BORISOVICH KABALEVSKI

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Eugenia Maria Paşca

 

Affiliation(s): Profesor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The musical language structure consists of living elements (because inside them the human`s musical language is synthesized), rich elements (because through them, people expressed their ideas and feelings), various elements ( as all cultures have formed and developed throughout history, their own and inexhaustible structures, transmitted through the ages, taken over, selected, enriched, extended). George Breazul was the first Romanian musician, who tried to conceptualize the embodiment of musical education through song, music play, and listening, starting from the specific acoustic universe, namely, children‟s folklore. Dmitri Kabalevski propsed the accomplishment of the musical education, based on the interpretation and listening of songs, belonging to a group of genders, which could represent musical styles and forms organized on themes. Originality and viability of the two visions, can be further noticed, because the logical organization of the acoustic material creates the circumstances for the listener‟s emotional auditory perception of the artistic message. The mutual interrelation and conditioning of elements which form the musical language generated the emphasizing and prominence of each one, within the musical speech, which is reflected in the educational process.


Key words: musical education, listening (audition), playing music, song, acoustic universe

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 10_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0010

 

10. Title: COMMUNICATIONAL ENTROPY IN THE PRESENT’S CRISIS – MEDIATION AND COMMUNITY ACTION THROUGH MUSIC MANAGEMENT

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Oana Balan

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “Gheorghe Dima” Academy of Music from Cluj-Napoca

  

Abstract: Present day art phenomena that surround us from all media channels compel us, who have been educated as professional musicians, to find justifications for the sonic abuse that contemporary society is subjected to and to resuscitate, within this vitiated context, the art music meant to re-educate our people, restoring them to the conscience and value of their identity. Educating the public and bringing them closer to contemporary art is a task meant to be fulfilled by music institutions as well, since they should seek to investigate efficient methods of generating connecting bridges to the large masses by transforming music into a shared cultural commodity.


Key words:  music, management, entrepreneurship, research, communication


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 11_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0011

 

11. Title: GREAT CONTEMPORARY PIANISTS IN INTERPRETATIVE DIALOGUE: ALFRED BRENDEL AND MURRAY PERAHIA

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Brînduşa Tudor

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The choice of valuable interpretative versions is highly important for both pianists on their way to performance and teachers in their complex activity of piano training. These become real models of esthetical thinking and artistic inspiration in the approach of a musical work. We shall use Sonata in D minor D 958 by Franz Schubert as an interpretative analysis model in the view of the pianists Alfred Brendel and Murray Perahia.


Key words:  Key words: Alfred Brendel, Murray Perahia, comparative interpretations, piano


PART II DRAMA / CHOREOGRAPHY 


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 12_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0012

 

1. Title: CREATIVE APPROACHES TO PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Anca Doina Ciobotaru

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Profesor PhD. Hab., „George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The contemporary Romanian school has frequently been a matter of debate; contents, methods, strategies, manuals, authors, analytical programs – they have all been supported, debated, annulled and reconsidered. However... The Ministerial Order that has allowed, in 2012, the introduction of “Personal Development” in the curriculum has opened a path that has not yet accomplished its role of guiding students to themselves and to the optimal variant for the manifestation of their potential; this aspect has even been demonstrated by analytical programs submitted to and edited by well known publishing houses. Therefore, the present study is meant to open an efficient dialog on the necessity of a transdisciplinary and creative approach to personal development.

Key words:  theatre techniques, personal development, communication

 

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 13_paper.pdf  

 

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0013

 

2. Title: MEDEA. A MOTHER – CREATION LABORATORY

 

download2.jpg

 

 Author(s): Dumitriana Condurache; Anca Mihaela Ciofu

 

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD., „George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi; Lecturer PhD., „George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

   

Abstract: One of the challenges which an arts‟ professor faces in the XXIth century is “the need to refresh”. Therefore, it is essential to find out efficient teaching-learning methods which imply the creative involvement of the students, in order to get an organic learning as a result, but also in order to provoke a superior degree of responsibility towards the process itself and, last but not least, towards their future profession. That‟s why we chose to work with a group of students based on the theatre-laboratory system, they getting involved in every step, from the choice of the text to the improvisation, until the making of the final show.


Key words: laboratory, workshop, Ancient Greek Theater, mask, marionette

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 14_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0014

 

3. Title: THE PUPPET –THE ACTOR: PARALLEL MIRRORS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Raluca Bujoreanu-Huțanu

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor, PhD., „George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The contemporary dynamics of performing arts has determined us to plead for the re/evaluation of the statute of the puppet as actor, as well as the puppeteer‟s. The present study might also be seen as a journey from and towards the theatre principles established by Kleist, Craig or Obraztov; a lesson about the poetry of technique and poeticized technique. The analysis of the double dimension of characters in animation theatre – the plastic and the interpretative sides – but also of the role of the relation between puppet and puppeteer has determined us to prove the necessity of using methods that are centered on interdisciplinary and comparative studies.


Key words:  animation theatre, actor, puppet, interpretation

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 15_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0015

 

4. Title: PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN HIGHLIGHTING THE PROFESSIONAL ARTISTIC ACTIVITIES

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ana-Cristina Leşe

 

Affiliation(s): Lecturer Ph.D., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The importance and utility of physical exercise in the life style of the artists has inspired us to write this paper through which we address the people from this field who want to start their own business. We launch this idea in order to provide employees a space for sports activities inside the company. A program of varied physical activity introduced as a break in the work program is an important element in the improvement of the human and professional resources. In this paper we describe: types of spaces equipped for physical exercises, work programs and several reasons that sustain the idea that a recreation back is very useful in the utility artistic professions of the modern world.

Key words:  recreation, sports, physical activity, professions

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 13-14 / 2017 / 16_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2017-0016

 

5. Title: THEATER DANCE ATELIER

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Lorette Enache

 

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi

  

Abstract: The substance of the spiritual and cultural life is the syncretism of the arts from the performer-spectator division, that was made concurrently with the “dance” segmentation into work and pleasure. Words were held in formulas, gestures and dance in rhythm. Today, dance is mostly seen as the art of gesture. However, it is remarkable to reflect at to what extent the dance, as an organic necessity, it could further develop into hermetic structures that would still require analyses and studies from researchers in the field. In today‟s theatrical landscape, this formula of artistic expression which was called theatre dance evolved so much so that gesticulations and body exploration became its core components.

Key words:  syncretism, theater, artistic expression

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 12 Year: 2016

  

 

Journal Code:  Review of Artistic Education       

 

 

 

Issue Information:  DOI: 105151/rae-2016-0001-0035

 


 

Volume 1 / number 12 / Year 2016

 


 

Cover Date (month and year): 03.2016

 


 


download3.jpg


PART III FINE ARTS 


Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 20_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0020

 

1. Title: SEVERAL CONSIDERATIONS ON THE SETTLEMENTS AND BUILDINGS OF THE FIRST NEOLITHIC PERIOD ON ROMANIAN TERRITORY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ioana Iulia Olaru

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from  Iași of Romania          

Abstract: This study will only deal with the Neolithic period which we distinguish from the Eneolithic one in the sense that in this period man only used tools made of stone and later on, in Eneolithic (Chalcolithic), he started using copper. In its first period, the Neolithic has new characteristics as a result of the progress of human communities; thus, as opposed to the Palaeolithic, man starts a new period with changed “clothes”. Firstly, man now starts to create and appreciate beauty as the Palaeolithic art did not have aesthetic purposes. But an important transformation regards the habitat, Neolithic settlements and buildings reflecting the increasing stability of communities, thus taking a step forward from Palaeolithic and their evolution to the higher levels of the future society, the Eneolithic one.     

Key words: Neolithic, Eneolithic, living hole, nomad agriculture, palisade, sanctuary 

    

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 21_paper.pdf              

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0021

 

2. Title: THE OPENNESS OF THE VISUAL ART CURRICULUM TOWARDS A NEW VISUAL ART LANGUAGE

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi

Affiliation(s): Assistant Doctoral Candidate / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania         

Abstract: Visual art curriculum should allow a wide range of activities to develop children's imagination and creativity, to provide a balanced framework for the harmonious development of people who can cope with the massive ammount of images that invade our daily lives. Contemporary art develops a new language - a hybrid language - which for now remains unknown to the majority of the public and it is not integrated into the Arts curriculum. General frame analysis reveals that Fine Arts are studied only up to the 10th grade, except for the humanity profile and for the vocational arts profile. School curricula stipulate fine arts study up to mid twentieth century. Openness towards contemporary art and the language of art starting with the second half of the twentieth century is quite limited even if the curriculum allows a certain flexibility in the approach.

Key words: curriculum for visual arts, contemporary art, current syllabi, curriculum frameworks

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 22_paper.pdf              

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0022

 

3. Title: DEVELOPING BY DRAWING CREATIVITY OF CHILDREN ACTIVITIES


download2.jpg


Author(s): Felicia Ceaușu

Affiliation(s): Researcher PhD / Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from  Iași Branch of  Romania      

Abstract: The potential creativity elements can be expressivity, flexibility, fluency, brain sensibility as well as the qualities of the analyzers and temperamental characteristics which have an important role in triggering, developing and manifesting creativity. Here we must also take into account the relationship of the subject with the environment and educational factors. For the child, creativity has certain time limits that are determined by a multitude of factors such as: adaptation to new changes, will, creative type cognitive type, the feeling of duty and responsibility, ideal, surrounding atmosphere. In the current paperwork, we aimed to elevate the development level of creativity by plastic arts and we remarked that, in those plastic art activities where the basic method was the play, the efficient organization of the activities of plastic arts. The child is an active subject of knowledge who absorbs with lust the information proposed by the educator, he/she must be ready to receive more and more knowledge. The main task of the adults is to create optimal conditions of discovery and achievement of his/her creative possibilities and to take into consideration the individuality of each child.

Key words: creativity, expressivity, flexibility, fluency, cognitive interest

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 23_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0023

 

4. Title:   PRINCIPLES OF ART FROM ANTIQUITY TO CONTEMPORARY PEDAGOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF METHODOLOGY OF ART EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Olimpiada Arbuz-Spatari          

Affiliation(s): Senior Lecturer PhD / “Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University, Chișinău, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: The methodologies of Art Education is a system of educational documents - principles, rules , methods, procedures, forms - designed determinative - reflective thinking from teleology, content, communication arts / cultural / scientific, reception and receiver topic communicating, and are subject oriented educated / creator student under the laws of education, communication and artistic principles.

Key words: art principles, methodology of art education

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 /2016 / 24_paper.pdf   

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0024

 

5. Title:   BESSARABIAN IN THE MODERN ENGRAVING CONSTITUTION AND INTERFERENCE WITH ITS EUROPEAN ART     

    


download2.jpg


Author(s): Iarîna Savițkaia-Baraghin

Affiliation(s): Senior Lecturer PhD. / Academy of Music, Drama and Visual Arts Chișinau, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: Runing the new century (XX) attests in Bessarabian art, the experience of several decades of professional artistic activity (the first Evening School of Drawing appears in Chisinau in 1887 and is due scholar Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg, Terinte Zubcu). Such short experience has not met any of the neighboring countries' national schools. In Bessarabia from the beginning of the twentieth century is established the main areas of professional art – painting- with remarkable portraits, landscapes, genre paintings; sculpture with respective genres; stampa as a kind of graphics. Marked by the period and by the influences of art schools, where Bessarabians have studied, it is clear that in painting and sculpture and graphics in the first round, have dominated peredvizhnik influences their color and monochrome theme. Guidelines of Bessarabian plastic artists in the development phase of modern art, is the decisive moment of establishment of the Bessarabian engraving as a kind of professional art, marked by tendencies that have appeared in European art and Russian at the limit of nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as Expressionism in the works of Sneer Cogan, George Ceglocof and Art 1900 in the works of Theodor Kiriacoff, Elisabeth Ivanovsky or Moissey Kogan.

Key words: engraving, art school, artists, exhibition, artistic center



 PART IV EDUCATION 



Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 25_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0025

 

1. Title:   CHALLENGES TO UNDERSTANDING CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS FROM A PEDAGOGY CLASS WITH ARTS PRE-SERVICE STUDENT-TEACHERS  


download2.jpg


Author(s):  Mihaela Mitescu Manea

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from  Iași of Romania    

Abstract: The intent to structure valuable learning experiences, focusing on student-teachers’ exercise of pedagogical creativity and informed critical reasoning, may prove particularly challenging in the current national curriculum for pre-service teacher education. It is proposed here a reflective view of the challenges to arts pre-service student-teachers understandings of concepts and processes related to curriculum development; findings of previous empirical exploratory research questioning student-teachers conceptions of learning, and identity issues related to induction practices drawing heavily on apprenticeship models of learning feed into the proposed analysis. It is concluded on possible conceptual and methodological shifts towards understanding learning in teacher education. 

Key words: challenges, learning, teacher education, curriculum development

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 /2016 / 26_paper.pdf   

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0026

 

2. Title:   ARTISTIC PERSONALITY IN THE LIGHT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL INTEGRATION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marinela Rusu

Affiliation(s): Researcher PhD / Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from  Iași  Branch of Romania                  

Abstract: Artistic personality was interpreted in various ways through the ages. The power of creativity, individual perseverance and imaginative force made the artist a special person, different from most people, being equipped with unique, unrepeatable skills. This paper presents some of the most important approaches to the personality of the creator, from the questionable Freudian theory to the psycho-biological approaches of Peckham. Through his works, the artist expresses not only his personal anxieties or emotional ardent feelings but also, reflects a conscious level of the social group, being himself adapted to human values, characteristic of the era and society to which he belongs. Maybe, sometimes, wrong regarded as deviant personalities or too much exposed to excesses, artists remain, undoubtedly, brave in Creativity, in the cultural and social original development process. Their integration in this ensemble completes the picture we have about development and social evolution, and gives us access to more elevated human values.

Key words: artist, culture, society, social development, creativity

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 /2016 / 27_paper.pdf   

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0027

 

3. Title: THE FORMATION OF MUSICAL COMPETENCES: METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHESIN THE PROCESS OF  ARTISTIC-AESTHETIC ACQUISITION

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Viorica Crișciuc

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia          

Abstract: Abstract: The article hereby includes conceptual aspects of the musical competences formation. It describes the realization of this process operating with the concepts of well-known occidental, Russian and local researchers. One of the ideas characteristic to the researchers’ pedagogical thinking is that, during the process of musical competence formation through art, the acquisition process mechanism is happening. For integrity in insuring the practical realization at of a musical education, the methodology we propose is based on research, an imposing theoretical network of successful pedagogical practices of remarkable scientists from all over the world. The analyzed theories are a source of inspiration and constitute the theoretical universe which contributes to as truthful as possible musical education.

Key words: musical competences, the fields of art, musical acquisition, musical education, the mechanism of acquisition

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 /2016 / 28_paper.pdf   

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0028

 

4. Title:   VALORIZATIONS OF THEORETICAL MODELS OF GIFTEDNESS AND TALENT IN DEFINING OF ARTISTIC TALENT

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ona Ionica Anghel         

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania           

Abstract: Artistic talent has been defined in various contexts and registers a variety of meanings, more or less operational. From the perspective of pedagogical intervention, it is imperative understanding artistic talent trough the theoretical models of giftedness and talent. So, the aim of the study is to realize a review of the most popular of the theoretical models of giftedness and talent, with identification of the place of artistic talent and the new meanings that artistic talent has in each one. Research methodology requires a meticulous documentation and access to primary bibliographic sources. The investigation allowed us to notice that most of the models and theories of giftedness explain the phenomenon through its multidimensionality, and in this context the concept of talent is considered or component of giftedness (Feldhusen), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are discussed as synonymous (Tanenbaum, Renzulli, Heller), or the concepts of giftedness and talent are considered as distinct (Gagne). There are authors who approach the concept of giftedness without any mentioning of talent (Gardner, Sternberg).  From the contribution of theoretical models of giftedness and talent to  understanding of artistic talent  we mention:  Feldhusen describes the creative-artistic talent in the classification of the  talents by their relationship with curriculum areas;  Tanenbaum also carries a classification of talent by their contribution to society and considers the artists, the musicians, the actors and the writers as talents that beautifies the world, calling them "surplus talents";  Gagne, who discuss the phenomenon from the perspective of human skills development and who  places the giftedness at the potentiality pole and the talent at the performance pole, includes the artistic talent on the list of various types of talents and explain the factors involved in its development;  Heller, Ziggler provides explanations of talent development in the light of a new research in the field of expertise,  and we can particularly apply to the artistic talent.  The results of the present research are the starting point of a personal trail of understanding of artistic talent, indispensable for theoretical and/or applicative approaches of any researcher interested in the psycho-pedagogy of excellence.

Key words: giftedness, talent, theoretical models, artistic talent

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 29_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0029

 

5. Title:  CREATIVE APPROACHES IN THE EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH SEVERE MULTIPLE DISABILITY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Jiří Kantor

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD. /  “Palacky University“ of  Olomouc from Czech Republic           

Abstract: The paper presents an empirical study in the area of special education, which clarifies the function of creative techniques, their application, pupils’ preferences and implementation of creative techniques in the processes of special education intervention in pupils with severe multiple disability. According to the current scientific concept, creative approaches in Czech special education are represented by various applications of artistic means in education. The methodology focus of the study is quality-based. Data collection was performed by means of interviews with 40 teachers, observations of 4 pupils during education and a content analysis of educational documents of 30 pupils. The analysis was performed by means of the embedded theory approach. The paper assesses the contribution of the study to special education in a practical context as well as delivery of artistic-oriented courses.

Key words: creative approaches, multiple disability, special education, artistic education

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 30_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0030

 

6. Title: VARIABLES AND CONSTANTS CURRICULUM FOR THE MUSIC SPECIALISATIONS  IN ROMANIAN UNIVERSITY EDUCATION 

  

download2.jpg

       

Author(s): Eugenia Maria Paşca

Affiliation(s): Professor PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of  Romania

Abstract: Romanian academic system must adapting to the changing demands of European educational standards, according to the conventions of the Bologna and Lisbon. Compatibilization pathways university / educational plans in designing curricula should take into account the powers that aim to be achieved. Responsibility rests equally institutions providing academic programs and Romanian Agency for Quality in Higher Education. We intend to analyze comparatively constant and variable elements of academic programs for the music industry. The effectiveness of these programs is reflected especially in terms of insertion in the labor market, so the direct beneficiaries are graduate students.

Key words: standards, curriculum, majors in music, labor market

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 31_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0031

 

7. Title: INNOVATIVE VISIONS OVER THE FORMATION OF THE TEACHER IN THE ARTS       


download2.jpg


Author(s): Tatiana Bularga  

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia   

Abstract: The present article describes purposes, learning content and requirements of an educational academic and postgraduate (internships for teachers) process, focused on teacher training in respect of the most subtle and valuable framework for education, the achievement of the individual potential of each pupil, qualified as a unique personality. Therefore, it is proposed a synthesis on the formative program geared towards the assimilation of the future and current teachers of artistic disciplines (music, choreography, painting) of the action and behavioral models appropriate to the domain, to the effectively organization of individualized educational process.

Key words: teacher of artistic disciplines, training program, learning content, purposes, professional competence, the effectiveness of teacher’s actions

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 32_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0032

 

8. Title:   THERAPEUTIC AND EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF COMBINING COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY AND ART – QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF A CASE STUDY    


download2.jpg

   

Author(s): Michal Růžička /  Kristýna Krahulcová / Jan Chrastina

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD / Assistant PhD / Assistant PhD / “Palacky University“ of Olomouc from the Czech Republic

Abstract: Cognitive behavioural psychotherapy is, just like other psychotherapeutic systems, of an eclectic nature. Should a therapist be successful across a wide range of issues, he/she needs to be adaptable, flexible and eclectic in terms of the techniques applied. Eclectically oriented therapists use a wide range of interventions; however, they adhere to individual theoretical structures. The aim of the paper is to point out the application of a combination of artistic activities within the system of the Cognitive behavioural therapy. For this purpose the paper presents a qualitative analysis of two case studies. We formulated the following research questions. Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art accelerate the course of therapy? Can the methods of combining the cognitive behavioural therapy and art be perceived by the client as effective? The phenomenon investigated in the case study is a functional analysis of a client’s case and subsequent application of therapeutic and educational techniques of the Cognitive behavioural therapy and art. In both case studies it was demonstrated that the involvement of therapeutic elements accelerated the course of therapy. The clients in the research sample assessed the therapy as beneficial.

Key words: cognitive behavioural psychotherapy, arts, special education, behavioural drama

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 33_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0033

 

9. Title:   EVALUATION OF AN ART THERAPY PROGRAMME FOR CLIENTS WITH DIFFICULT LIFE SITUATIONS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Zuzana Ťulák Krčmáriková / Barbora Kováčová

Affiliation(s): Mgr. PhD / Doc. PaedDr. PhD / Comenius University of  Bratislava from Slovak Republic

Abstract: The paper evaluates selected art therapy programmes (NAT=19) that were realized by therapeutic pedagogues – art therapists in the years 2009-2014 as parts of research projects. The quantitative aspect of the research processes the fulfilment of the conditions of art therapy programmes. In the framework of interpretative phenomenological analysis, we processed the data of each category as a part of the qualitative aspect of the research and supplemented them with authentic statements of clients (NP=8). The quantitative and qualitative aspect indicates a narrower characterisation of art therapy programmes in the group of clients with difficult life situations.

Key words: art therapy, therapeutic education, evaluation

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 34_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0034

 

10. Title:   UTILIZATION OF NARRATIVE APPROACH IN ART THERAPY IN CHILDREN WITH BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Miluše Hutyrová

Affiliation(s): Asistant PhD. / “Palacky University“ of Olomouc from Czech Republic  

Abstract: The article deals with the possibilities of applying narrative approach in art therapy context and focuses on the situation of problems in social and cultural contexts, the development of alternative stories, and externalization as one of the basic techniques of narrative therapy. Along with looking for dominant, alternative and preferred stories, externalization develops potential for therapeutic and education intervention in individuals of various target groups. The article focuses, in particular, on children exhibiting problematic behaviour and disordered behaviour. The objective is to find the points interconnecting narrative therapy and art therapy in the creative potential and artistic anchorage, which, along with expression, embody a challenge of new opportunities to find new ways, methods and approaches.

Key words: narrative approach, art therapy, children, behavioural problem, exteranlization

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 /2016 / 35_paper.pdf   

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0035

 

11.  Title:   CREATIVE INTERDISCIPLINARY MATH LESSONS BY MEANS OF MUSIC ACTIVITIES

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Jana Hudáková / Eva Králová

Affiliation(s): Assistant PhD. / “University of Prešov“ in Prešov from Slovak Republic / “Alexander Dubček University“ of Trenčín from Slovak Republic         

Abstract: The goal of the paper is to introduce the project Comenius ˝EMP-Maths“, entitled ´Providing Mathematics with Music Activities´, in which seven European countries took part. The key chapter is devoted to music activities that Slovak team integrated in the school subject of Mathematics. Music activities were selected and designed in accordance with the content of school subject Mathematics. To each particular theme the project solvers designed methodologies and didactic musical games, contests, music and drama exercises. The authoresses illustrate in detail one example of this integration which was presented during the meeting of 7 European countries in Barcelona in January 2015. Their illustration refers to interconnection of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor goals of both school subjects to develop musical and mathematical abilities of 11 – 12 year old elementary school pupils.

Key words: Mathematics, music, project, creativity, experiential learning

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 11 Year: 2016

 




Journal Code:  Review of Artistic Education - 10540            

 

Issue Information:  DOI: 105151/rae-2016-0001-0035


Volume 1 / number 11 / Year 2016


Cover Date (month and year): 03.2016



download3.jpg

 

 PART I - MUISC 

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 01_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0001

 

1. Title: SPIRITUALITY OF MUSIC AS A FACTOR OF (SELF) INSTRUCTION AND OF (SELF) EDUCATION OF PERSONALITY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ion Gagim

Affiliation(s): Professor PhD Hab. /„Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia 

Abstract: The impetus for writing this article was the desire to “get to the bottom”, to “disentangle the essence” of what music education in terms of exploring the depth, the sacred sense of the relationship “man-music”, of the aspiration to examine this issue with the teacher's eyes - for all questions and all answers received contribute to the improvement of so-called education through music. In this article, the author expresses his position that, music education, by its essence, is far from the design made before, but in fact - far from the goal officially proclaimed. The music itself, as one of the most mysterious phenomena of this world. Its knowledge, its understanding, the assimilation and absorption of the cosmic and divine substance at the level of personal experience - this is music education in its highest sense. We consider them universal by nature and extent of aspects and levels of the spiritual, existential life of man in its deep forms. The author examines the experience acquired as a self-instruction (professionally) and self-education (personally) practice throughout life, in one of the highest areas of the human mind - in music. He had the chance to work especially in the field of music. He had the chance to experience music especially and he was able to devote his “self” to it.

Key words: further education, music education / training, musical culture, spiritual culture, perception of music as music, internalisation of music, state of music, music as above all arts

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 02_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0002

 

2. Title: SOME ASPECTS OF DEVELOPING MUSICAL THINKING IN THE TRAINING OF MUSICAL STUDENT 

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Margarita Tetelea / Anna Glebov

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / Lecturer PhD /„Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: This article examines various approaches and methods used to develop musical thinking in students. It also reveals some of the principles, developed by a number of scientists to facilitate the process. One of the new principles of developing musical thinking is internalization of music, proposed by the Moldovan professor and musicologist Ion Gagim, who in his works justifies its use from the philosophical, musicological, psychological and pedagogical perspectives.

Key words: musical thinking, internalization of music, principles, methods, pedagogy of hearing

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 03_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0003

 

3. Title: THE FIELDS OF ARTS THE GENERAL EDUCATION SYSTEM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marina Morari

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia

Abstract: The general education system identifies two approaches for encompassing arts: through the curricular field and through the extracurricular and extra-scholastic aesthetic education. The fields of arts are assigning a sector, an area of activity, a branch or a compartment. In the general education system, the fields of art have been differently formed. As a school subject, art is being studied through literature, music and fine arts. Some of them are not included in the educational plan (theatre, choreography). The statute of arts (literature, music, fine arts) in the educational system is outlined from two perspectives: art as a school subject and art as an artistic activity. The area of art shall not be reduced to a school subject or a type of arts. The artistic education in the educational system corresponds to the aesthetic education compartment and it happens in the extracurricular and extra-scholastic educational framework. According to the classic, traditional theory, the aesthetic education often is reduced to the level of artistic education. An efficient perspective in capitalizing the fields of art through education may be the extension of the artistic education borders outside the aesthetic values, by extra-aesthetic values – behavioral, moral, spiritual, social etc.

Key words: the general education system, the fields of art, artistic education, aesthetic education, the curricular field Arts

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 04_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0004

 

4. Title: PASSION IN THE WORK OF JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Karol Medňanský

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / “Prešov University” from Prešov, Slovak Republic

Abstract: Passions are exceptionally important in the works of Johann Sebastian Bach. His passion compositions are based particularly on Luther´s reformation, chiefly on developmental tendency which is based on the works of Johann Walter, Hans Leo Hassler and Michael Praetorius. The most significant forerunner of J. S. Bach was Heinrich Schütz. J. S. Bach´s textual aspect is aimed at the model of passion oratorio the main representative of which was a librettist Heinrich Brockes who worked in Hamburg. The interesting fact is that before the arrival of J. S. Bach, in 1723, there was no long tradition of passions in Leipzig. They were performed there in 1721 for the first time. J. S. Bach is demonstrably the author of the two passions: St Matthew Passion BWV 244 and St John Passion BWV 245. The authorship of Johann Sebastian Bach in St. Lukas Passion BWV 246 is strongly called into question and from St Mark Passion BWV 24 only the text was preserved.

Key words: passion, reformation, passion oratorio, heritage, tradition

 

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 05_paper.pdf    

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0005

 

5. Title: DIDACTIC STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL MUSICAL HEARING           


download2.jpg


Author(s): Luminița Duțică 

Affiliation(s): Associated Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania   

Abstract: This study suggests an incursion into the issue of the development of professional musical hearing, which is divided into three major sections. Starting from the general to the particular, this approach starts with defining the field of reference - musical hearing, seen as a prerequisite in the training of future artists. Closely related to the curricula and textbooks from the pre-university vocational education, the subject Music Theory - Solfeggio - Dictation holds the conceptual and pragmatic frame on the basis of which we offered different solutions for the development of musical hearing. In this respect, I focused my research on the following typologies: melodic, polyphonic, harmonic, dynamic, timbral, with particular reference to the formation of internal hearing and sense of rhythm.

Key words: musical hearing, native predispositions, syllabus, Music Theory, didactic strategies

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 06_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0006

 

6. Title: BRIEF HISTORY OF FIXED DO SOLMIZATION IN JAPAN    


download2.jpg


Author(s): Tomoko Siromoto          

Affiliation(s): Honorary Research Associate PhD / UCL Institute of Education London, United Kingdom

Abstract: The Fixed DO solmization system which is used mainly in Latin language countries and the former USSR, was introduced to Japan by pianist Kiyohide Sonoda in the 1930s. The effectiveness was soon recognised in the out-school music education setting but the school music curriculum continued to use the Movable DO as the compulsory solmization system. Within a half century, however, Fixed DO naturally developed and not only pupils but teachers who had been taught in Fixed DO in their childhood became comfortable teaching and learning in Fixed DO. Subsequently, Movable DO in school textbooks has become very limited.

Key words: fixed DO solmization, music education in Japan, solfege, Kiyohide Sonoda

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 07_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0007

 

7. Title:   A MODEL of INTEGRALITY of MUSICAL and TEACHING ACTIVITIES at the LESSON of MUSICAL EDUCATION     


download2.jpg

    

Author(s): Marina Caliga

Affiliation(s): Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate / „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia           

Abstract: In this article the author investigates and applies accumulated experience in music education through the methodological integrality of  musical didactic activities at musical education lesson. In this regard, musical didactic activities  are not only pedagogical acts of transmission of musical knowledge, but their mission is the living of sound messages, the discovery of self through art and student integration through musical didactic activities. Integrating through musical didactic activities,students discover, create, analyze, summarize,  compare, apply, reflect, operating various mechanisms of musical didactic activities, becoming not only the receiver, but also the subject of musical works.

Key words: musical eduaction lesson, musical didactic activities, integrality, methodological example

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 08_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0008

 

8. Title: FROM THALES TO BERIO: WATER AS A COMMON THEME OF PHILOSOPHY, PHYSICS, AND MUSIC 

 

download2.jpg

      

Author(s):  Rossella Marisi  

Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate, Italy / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania    

Abstract: Listening to a music piece may trigger memories, give origin to reflections about the physical state of matter, and retrace the development of ancient philosophical thought. This article proposes an interdisciplinary path of active learning - encompassing music education, philosophy, biology, physics, and psychology - which can be realized, choosing an appropriate approach, in both primary and secondary schools.

Key words: Berio, Debussy, interdisciplinary project, Liszt, Ravel, water

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 09_paper.pdf     

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0009

 

9. Title: THE CONCEPT OF NATURE AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN THE LEGAL, MUSICAL AND EDUCATIONAL FIELDS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Flavia Marisi     

Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate, Ghent University from Ghent of  Belgium                 

Abstract: The concept of nature changed over time, modifying the relationship between nature and man: in some cultures man and nature are considered as deeply connected, in others definitely separated.  The leading ideas about nature are reflected in work pertaining to the legal, musical and educational fields. This study provides insights into these issues, trying to highlight specific analogies which connect the concept of nature and its application in the cited fields.

Key words: aesthetic experience, anthropocentrism, consonant musical intervals, natural law, Notre Dame Law School, play

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 10_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0010

 

10. Title: STRATEGIC DIMENSIONS OF PERMANENT MUSICAL EDUCATION AS A PART OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY’S MUSICAL CULTURE

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Marina Cosumov

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: Education is a sustainable human development strategic resource in postmodern society, being historically, culturally, socially, economically placed in time and space. The educational reform, based on curricular approach, involves radical changes in musical and artistic education, and this is "a precondition for the formation of an intelligent personality, with high moral and spiritual aspirations" [3]. The valuation of the arts products will foster musical artistic scope concern and it will ensure continuity in connection with art of music.

Key words: permanent musical and artistic education, musical values, independent musical and artistic knowledge

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 11_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0011

 

11. Title: TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE METHODS IN APPROACHING MUSIC STYLES. PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Loredana Viorica Iațeșen

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania                

Abstract: The approach to music styles entails an in-depth musicological analysis aimed at synthesizing numerous bibliographical sources belonging to different fields and directions of research. A chronological overview of studies (Jean Molino, Fait musical et sémiologie de la musique, 1975; Jean Jaques Nattiez, Quelques reflexions du style, 1993; R. J. Pascall, Style, in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1994; Jean Jaques Nattiez, La musique de l’avenir, in Musique. Une Encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2003; Mario Baroni, Stil şi mutaţii stilistice în tradiţia muzicală europeană, in Musique Une encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2006) and of universal (Leonard Meyer, Explaining Music, 1973; Charles Rosen, Le style classique: Haydn. Mozart, Beethoven, 1978; Leonard B. Meyer, Style and Music. Theory, History and Ideology, 1989; and Romanian specialised literature (Cornel Ţăranu, Elemente de stilistică muzicală (sec. XX), 1981; Edgar Papu, Despre stiluri, 1986; Valentina Sandu-Dediu, Alegeri Atitudini Afecte, 2010; Vasile Iliuţ, O carte a stilurilor muzicale, 2011; Valentin Timaru, Stilistică muzicală, 2014) from the late 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, reveal the different and, more often than not, contrasting views of historians, analysts, aestheticians, philosophers, scholars and educators, starting from the meaning of the very idea of style, to the reception of this phenomenon in contemporaneity. On these grounds, this study proposes a systematization of the most relevant landmarks in documentation to date, for the purpose of applying them from a didactic perspective.

Key words: history, style, genre, language, message

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 12_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0012

 

12. Title: COLLABORATIVE LEARNING – A POSSIBLE APPROACH OF LEARNING IN THE DISCIPLINE OF STUDY MUSICAL ANALYSIS


download2.jpg


Author(s): Gabriela Vlahopol

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania

Abstract: Abstract: The musician’s typology is anchored, according to the traditional perception, within the limits of an individualistic image, which searches, develops and affirms its creativity following an individual training process. The collaborative learning is one of the educational patterns less used in the artistic education, being limited to several disciplines whose specificity requires appurtenance to a study group (for instance chamber training, orchestra). The method’s application to the theoretical disciplines often encounters reserves both on part of the teachers and the students as well, because of the efforts required for its design and implementation. The study herein offers a possible approach of collaborative learning within the course of study Musical Analysis, pleading for the need of the social component development of the learning activities of the instrumental performer student, by his involvement within a study group.

Key words: creativity, cooperation, group study, music analysis

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 13_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0013

 

13. Title: ENHANCING MUSIC LISTENING IN EDUCATIONAL CONTEXT

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Dorina Geta Iușcă          

Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania

Abstract: A growing body of research has shown the importance of music listening in psychological frameworks such as the construction of emotional and social identity. Nonetheless, the educational implications of this activity involve the way students use music listening for cultural development, cognitive processing and aesthetic reaction enhancement. The present study aims to review the relevant literature regarding how musical preference, a concept used mainly in music psychology, may be explored in educational contexts. Zajong’s (1968) theory of repeated exposure indicates that mere exposure to a stimulus is enough to create a favorable attitude towards it. This study investigates the experimental researches focused on the conditions where repeated exposure to academic music may generate the development of musical preference.

Key words: music listening, musical preference, repeated exposure

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 14_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0014

 

14. Title: DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN IAŞI: AN OVERVIEW AFTER 155 YEARS

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Laura Otilia Vasiliu

Affiliation(s): Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania          

Abstract: Over a century and a half after the establishment of the first state educational institution dedicated to music in Iaşi – the School of Music and Declamation (1860) – the distinctive features of music education and the social and cultural phenomena involved can be perceived and analyzed. This study provides arguments to support the following features: 1. the openness to assimilate a variety of pedagogic and cultural influences, both from Europe and from Romania; 2. the role played by leading personalities, musicians – professors, in rising performance levels and in perpetuating the project; 3. valorizing Romanian music traditions - liturgical songs of Byzantine origin and regional folklore - through education (specializations, courses, creative activities and music performance); 4. the constant involvement of music education in concerts and musical performances in Iaşi.

Key words: Music education; Iaşi; pedagogical influences; Romanian musical traditions; musicians of Iaşi

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 15_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0015

 

15. Title: ANTONIN CIOLAN – THE TEACHER, THE FOUNDER OF ORCHESTRAS, THE MASTER CONDUCTOR

 

 

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s):  Alex Vasiliu      

Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania     

Abstract: The founder of a conducting style, who organised orchestras in two important musical centres in Romania (Iaşi and Cluj), "the partriarch of conductors", respected and praised by George Enescu, Sergiu Celibidache or Erich Bergel, was a multilateral personality of exceptional merits as a teacher of orchestra, orchestra conducting, harmony and counterpoint; having founded several prestigious religious choral ensembles, organised and led musical teaching and concert institutes, Antonin Ciolan deserves to be brought to the awareness of more recent generations of researchers and audiences, as his historic achievements indicate.

Key words: musicians of Iaşi; conductor; Antonin Ciolan; George Enescu; Conservatoire

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 16_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0016

 

 

 

PART II  DRAMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY

 

 1. Title: IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN LIVING ARRANGEMENTS ARTIST

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Ana-Cristina Leşe

Affiliation(s): Lecturer  PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: Increased occurrence of spine deviation is the result not only of modern technology hazards (for example, sitting in front of the computer for long hours) or lack of physical exercise, but also of specific posture related to the study of a musical instrument. The aim of this paper is the timely warning of children who choose to study a musical instrument about the spine deviations that can occur in time, also to refer them to a specialist and to encourage them to take up exercises meant to tone specific muscle groups. The study was conducted on two groups of students from the department of Musical interpretations, 1st and 2nd year, and two groups of students from the department of Painting and Photography and video, 1st year, at the “George Enescu” Arts University of Iaşi. The school screening method was used with the help of four MA students at the department of Kineto-therapy. The data were tabulated. We recommended that subjects be referred to specialised examinaton by doctors at the Pediatric Orthopedics clinic and have special sets of physical exercises.

Key words: musical instrument, diseases of the spine, scoliosis, kyphosis, anamnesis

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 17_paper.pdf

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0017

 

2. Title:   GESTALTDRAMA AS AN INTEGRATIVE PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC APPROACH

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Martin Dominik Polínek

Affiliation(s): Assistant Ph.D., “Palacky University“ from Olomouc of Czech Republic 

Abstract: The following text is an overview study which defines the basic phenomena and effective factors of Gestalt drama and outlines some of the researches carried out in this area by the author during recent years. Gestalt drama is the name of a specific psychotherapeutic approach applied by the author in his practice, which combines Gestalt therapy with expressive approaches (especially with dramatherapy, theatrotherapy and fairytale-therapy). Linking Gestalt therapy and expressive techniques results in a specific psychotherapeutic approach whose versatility and holistic conception makes it suitable not only for psychotherapy but also for self-development of people with special needs, as it has the potential to meet the higher psychological needs even when the lower needs are not sufficiently saturated. The article further presents the interpretation of the partial results of research focusing on the analysis of integration performance where gestaltdrama techniques have been applied. These performances resulted from one-day dramatherapy workshops with clients suffering from mental retardation and with clients with behavioural disorders. This includes the analysis of differences between dramatical expression within the above target groups.

Key words: Gestaltdrama, specific research, dramatherapy, theatrotherapy, fairytale-therapy, Gestalt therapy, basic psychological needs, integration performance

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 18_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0018

 

3. Title: SPECIFICS OF IMPLEMENTATION FORUM THEATRE for people with mild and moderate mental retardation

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Zdeňka Kozáková

Affiliation(s): Assistant Professor Ph.D.,“Palacky University“ from Olomouc of Czech Republic          

Abstract: The paper presents an empirical study in the area of ​​implementation theatre forum for people with mild and moderate mental retardation in an environment of sheltered housing. Forum Theatre already takes place in primary schools, in orphanages, in the Roma community and so on. There is a lack of experience and research studies with the target group of people with intellectual disabilities. The present research was carried out in several phases over a period of one year. The main objective was to determine whether it is possible to use forum theatre techniques and subjects with mild to moderate mental retardation - whether this target group will be able to process the theatre forum to engage, understand the meaning and function of these techniques and that these techniques can be used as an alternative remedy to solve the problem and conflict situations. The research sample consisted of 11 adult clients of sheltered housing with mild to moderate mental retardation and 11 members of the realization team of the forum theatre (7 Actors and 4 employees in direct care in sheltered housing). Used qualitative research methods were focus groups (always followed the realization of the theatre workshop forum), participant observation and quantitative method was a questionnaire. Research has brought new insights and information.

Key words: theatre forum, forum theatre project, mental disability, sheltered housing

 

Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 19_paper.pdf  

DOI: 10.1515/rae-2016-0019

 

4. Title: EVALUATION OF PROGRAMMES IN PSYCHOMOTOR THERAPY

 

download2.jpg

 

Author(s): Zuzana Fábry Lucká / Ivana Lištiaková

Affiliation(s): Mgr. PhD. / Mgr. PhD. / Comenius University of Bratislava from Slovak Republic           

Abstract: Psychomotoriktherapie orientiert sich an einem Pädagogischen-therapeutischen Konzept der Entwicklungsförderung. Sie Sich mit den befasst Wechselwirkungen Zwischen Wahrnehmen, Fühlen, Denken , Bewegen und verhalten , Eulen Deren körperlichem Ausdruck .Dieser Bericht bietet einen Überblick über die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse Psychomotorische Therapie, welche ergänzende Komponenten dieser Programme  können auf eine Verbesserung des emotionalen Wohlbefindens. Die  Autorinnen realisiert die Bewertung der Psychomotorische Therapie-Programme im Hinblick auf die psychomotorische Komponenten (neuromotorik, senzomotorik, psychomotorik und sociomotorik). Die Ergebnisse zeigten, Unterschiede zwischen verschiedenen Programmen je nach S

Key words: Schlüsselbegriffe: Psychomotorische Therapie, Bewegung, Psychomotorik, Heilpädagogik 


 

 

 

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 10 Year: 2015

Volume 1 / number 10  / Year 2015


PART II  DRAMA

1. THE NATIONAL AND UNIVERSAL IN EUROPEAN ART AND EDUCATION. ARTISTIC AND SPIRITUAL FEATURES IN THE ART OF THE 21ST CENTURY ACTORS

 

download2.jpg

Iuliana Nistor Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: As we are all aware of, theatre, as opposed to film stands under the spectrum of transience. Every show is unique and cannot be repeated identically. Under this shadow, what steps can the actor take so that his success, if it is a success, doesn’t fade with the fall of the curtain? Moreover, we ask ourselves what are the elements that help the actor continue to be full of energy that he is ready to invest once more, after he has been through the gates of heaven and hell and back?  


When I came across the topic of this essay, I didn’t expect it to be so difficult of an endeavor. The hardship also stems from the multitude of elements that belong to the privacy of my profession.  On the basis of research undertaken by professionals in the area of expertise, as well as on my personal experience on stage, I came to the conclusion that, there isn’t a mandatory need in the actor’s art for certain techniques, for models that he should take on at different stages of his performance. Every actor brings with him a personal technique, and the attempt to acquire a manner different from his own cannot lead to first-rate performances, unless by pure accident. However, the common landmark that actors can rely on is becoming again conscious of the relationship with their own inner being, with their creative self. I believe that, under 21st century’s conditions, people, actors or viewers need  more than ever, a theatre that is re-invented, in other words, spiritualized.


“The conclusion isn’t all rosy: the theatre isn’t about debating ideas, but is about making energies become manifest, and then you are left asking yourself what can is there to be done so that the energies manifest not as brute expressions of lower impulses, is it not by intellectual refinement? It goes without saying, intuition is a formidable weapon in sensing tension, but without the aid of the mind, it becomes a blind impulse meant to excite impure essences. The result is a theatre of a low vibration, as are most flashy plays nowadays. To dwell in feelings of regret over how low the bar has gone down for acting is a waste of time and a more useful endeavor would be to look for its causes and its remedy”. (Sorin Lavric)

Key words: man, consciousness, giving, spirituality, word

2. THE IMPORTANCE OF ARTISTIC CREATION RESULTING FROM THE COLLABORATION / INTERACTION OF ARTS

 

download2.jpg

Ana-Cristina Leşe, Lecturer Ph.D. “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 Abstract: The level of sensitivity established during the first contact with art has a great importance for the way it is perceived by the onlooker. The artistic expression carries great weight in ensuring the success of the art work. In the present paper we aim at emphasizing the value of the interaction between arts (theatre, singing/canto, instrumental interpretation, dance) which results in a high quality of the artistic expressiveness. This can be identified in movement, voice, countenance and body stance, look or the entire attitude and behavior of the performer, as well as in the objects used: costumes and makeup, the instrument played, paintings, photographs, etc. Higher education Arts institutions provide courses in body stance for students at Drama Schools and Musical Interpretation Schools, especially to those studying canto. Also, the departments of Immitative arts advocate for the expressiveness of art works in particular courses such as Anatomy in Art, or aesthetic theory related to famous works of art. Artistic expressiveness  resulting from a synthesis of arts should be used to express the most beautiful feelings that move the human being.

Key words: artistic expressiveness, success, artist, arts

3. USING DRAMA TECHNIQUES WHILE TEACHING/LEARNING FRENCH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN AN ACADEMIC CONTEXT

 

download2.jpg

Mariana Chiriță  Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: The article explores several scenarios of using drama techniques while teaching/learning French as a foreign language in an academic context. The suggested activities are designed to help beginner students (A2 level of language proficiency) understand S. Hinglais’s play Deux gens heureux. As drama is a form of art involving action, the use of drama techniques at the French lesson will give the students the possibility to learn the language through action. In this way, the students will become more confident while interacting in French.

Key words: drama techniques, interaction, teaching/learning French as a foreign language

PART III FINE ARTS

1. CHARACTERISTICS AND PRINCIPLES OF ART EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

Marinela Rusu, Theodora Chandrinou Researcher PhD,  Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from  Iași  Branch of  Romania, Teacher and Artist, Primary Schools from Athens of Greece

 Abstract: Arts education is one of the most important educational purposes, in order to develop the whole personality of the child, modelling his character features and behavior. Teacher is the central factor in the teaching process, involving a good communication and eficient means of stimulating creativity. This will provide a lot of positive effects in children’s evolution as self-expression, self-knowledge, cathartic effects, better relationships and more interest in education, generally.

Arts offer the possibility of personal growth and personal awarness. School is the place where the child can understand the metaphor and the languadge of painted images. We always admit that a portrait in drawing is merely a self-portrait. Our paper presents also, some practical issues, concerning the intervention through art in school, along with some works realized by children under teacher’s guidance. We analize the psychological consequences of this art intervention in primary school.

Education in the arts is essential to students’ intellectual, social, physical, and emotional growth and well-being. Experiences in the arts - in dance, drama, music, and visual arts - play a valuable role in helping students to achieve their potential as learners and to participate fully in their community and in society as a whole. Arts provide a natural vehicle through which students can explore and express themselves and through which they can discover and interpret the world around them.

Key words: art intervention, art education, curriculum, cognitive styles, art teachers

2. CREATIVITY IN PREHISTORY: THE PAINTED POTTERY FROM CUCUTENI B

 

download2.jpg

Ioana-Iulia Olaru Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of  Romania

Abstract: The present study has in view an ancient time from the History of Art on the territory of Romania, that is the Eneolithic period. It is difficult (or maybe not?) to prove the borders of utilitarianism for those times, art having also a purpose (utilitarian, magical-religious) and the beginning of artistic quality for some objects that are considered nowadays works of art. The peak of the Eneolythic art in our country is a proof of the development of aesthetic taste in the case of the primitive man who created the Cucuteni art. This paper will not have in view the entire Cucuteni ceramics, which is considered the most interesting Neolithic pottery from the Balcans, but only its last phase, phase B and its unusual elements brought by it. There are special shapes (the vase as a bag from Miorcani); the bichrome chromatics which complements the previous polychromy; new motifs: crosses, the zoomorphic and ornithologic background, the suggestion of time and perspective.

Key words: Rhamenstil, Laufenstil, barbotine, horroi vacui, crater   
 
3. OUTDOOR EXPERIMENTS IN THE PLASTIC ARTS

 

download2.jpg

Ecaterina Toşa Lecturer PhD, University of Arts and Design from Cluj Napoca of Romania

Abstract: The purpose of experiments in plastic art in different circumstances outside the classroom is that students have to find problems to solve, to interpret, using their own efforts, led and supported by teachers. This attitude is favourable for the transfer of the acquired knowledge and practice into profession.

Key words:  experiments, creative thinking, discovery, originality.

4. EASEL GRAPHIC WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE FINE ARTS FROM BESSARABIA (1887-1940)

 

download2.jpg

Tatiana Rășchitor  Doctoral Candidate, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, from Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia

 Abstract: The present article tries to reveal the situation in the field of the Bessarabian art and the role of the easel graphic during the period 1887-1944. Outlining the distinct aspects of each of the decades of the Bessarabian art, the author uncovers the emerged relation between graphics and painting, marking the direction towards which both fields have developed: artists, styles, themes, motives, artistic means, etc.

Key words: plastic arts, easel graphic, easel painting, plastic artists, art, Bessarabia

5. COMPARING THE PERFORMANCE OF FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME PAINTING UNDERGRADUATES IN NIGERIA – A CASE OF UNIVERSITY OF BENIN, NIGERIA

Manasseh Emamoke Imonikebe Associate Professor PhD, University of Benin, from Benin City of  Nigeria


download2.jpg

Abstract: The study compared the performance of Full-time and Part-time painting undergraduates in Nigeria with special focus on the University of Benin, Benin City Nigeria. It was designed to answer the following question: Is there a difference in performance between Full-time and Part-time painting undergraduates in Nigeria? The study was delimited to undergraduates of the University of Benin, Benin City Nigeria. As a result, one (1) Research Question and one (1) Hypothesis were formulated for the study. Data for this study were generated from official records of the department under investigation.  The design of this study was ex post facto, since the research did not intend to manipulate any variables. The data were collected after events of interest have occurred (Ehiametalor and Nwadiani, 2002) and the data was analysed using the Mann-Whitney U test at the 0.05 level of significance. It was found out that, there was no significant difference between Full-Time and Part-Time painting undergraduates in their performance in painting. The finding implied that the two groups performed closely. It was therefore recommended that as an eye opener to other disciplines and institutions of learning, the study should be replicated being a lofty initiative.

Key words: Comparing; Performance; Full-Time; Part-Time and Universities; Ex post facto

6. CLASICAL GREEK PHILOSOPHY AND VISUAL ART AESTHETICS FORMING THE PERSONALITY

 

download2.jpg

Theodora Chandrinou Teacher and Artist, Primary Schools from Athens of Greece

 Abstract: In this essay the ancient Greek philosophy is regarded as the starting point towards the course of existential   search of the human. The dynamic approach of the Visual art and aesthetic expression is displayed as a way of “becoming”, as the philosophic objective perception disseminates to the artistic experience. The value of the combination of Philosophy with Art   is highlighted as far as the configuration of personality is concerned. This combination is becoming the vehicle which leads the person to the completion   on the horizontal   development as far as human relationships are concerned and also on the vertical development emphasizing on the internal search of the human. As a compass we use the approaches of specific intellectual men of Arts and   Science, of Scholars of Ancient and Contemporary Greek Intelligentsia. Applying as criteria the timeless aspect and the universal spirit which underlies their works, we identify the points which suggest the Contemporary reality as distillate affecting the angle of many scientific sections totally.

Keywords: philosophy, Visual Art, personality, self-awareness, Intellectual, completion

7. THE INTERCULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF THE AVANT-GARDISTE ART AND ITS DIRECT IMPLICATION AS A MEANS OF MEDIATION AND COMMUNITY ACTION

 

download2.jpg

Ondina Oana Turturică Doctoral Candidate, West University from Timișoara  of  Romania

 Abstract: The aesthetic viability of the real world and the superfluous character of contemporary art, explicit and ironic sometimes, entails the intercultural dimension within the artistic education, which makes visual art and fashion become a medium for the action and comunitary mediacies. At the end of  the 19th century and beginning of the 20th, under the modernism of the avant-gardist European art, we are witnessing a dialectic report between truth and beauty. This dialogue is created most of the times through the common orientation schools (Fluxus, Pop art, Nuveau Realism, Nul, conceptual and random art) as a result of the Duchampian paradigm. Thus, art itself becomes a self-distructive communication act which closes the discourse that generated it and, in which the object’s aetsthetic contributes to a more effective reception, according to the cultural norms and patterns determined by the pluralist cultural fields.

Key words: education, art, conceptual art, paradigm, discourse, contemporary, interculturality, Modernism, Pop Art, Nul, Fluxus, communication, visual, aesthetic

PART IV EDUCATION

1. TOWARDS AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO ARTS CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY

 

download2.jpg
 
Mihaela Mitescu Manea Associate professor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 Abstract: The arts afford ways of knowing with proven rewarding consequences on the life quality of individuals and of communities. The benefits of exercising an imaginative capacity, esthetic reasoning and attitudes, and ability to interpret and communicate ideas have been shown to be  fundamental to the well-being of individuals and communities. The literature is thus full of arguments as to why arts should not be reduced to mere adjuvant routes instrumental to learning in other areas. This paper proposes a discussion of some of the main arguments in the literature for an integrated approach to arts curriculum and pedagogy, with particular emphasis on the Romanian discursive practices concerning arts education.

Key words: arts, learning, curriculum, integrated

2.INTERCULTURAL STUDY OF ART - CONTEMPORARY DIMENSION

 

download2.jpg

Marinela Rusu Researcher PhD,  Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from  Iași  Branch of  Romania

 Abstract: The contemporary world includes more diverse cultural events, sometimes performing a mix of ethnic traits, which are specific to different cultures. At the same time, we are witnessing a substantial migration of populations around the world, trying to build a new destiny and to integrate themselves in the cultures in which they migrated. Intercultural education becomes an actual concept and includes requirements and inherent manifestation of the modern world, which is constantly moving. More specifically it is an education for cultural equality, cultural tolerance or for the broader objective of multicultural education as it was proposed by M. A. Gibson (1984). For artist and educator who strives to understand the role of art in culture, and the role of culture in art and want to include his students in the cultural phenomenon, anthropological theories on culture and on ethnical specific alike, are generally necessary.

Key words: art education, art, culture, educator, artist, school

3. EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF MENTAL MAPS

 

download2.jpg

Felicia Ceaușu Researcher PhD, Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from  Iași Branch of  Romania

 Abstract: Thinking is the superior cognitive process of extracting the essential, logical and necessary features with the help of some abstract-formal operations for understanding, explaining and predicting some causal relations of reality and creating some concepts, notions, theories, cognitive systems as mental models of reality.  Cognitive processing has a deep character, has a high degree of mental autonomy, a maximum level of selectivity in relation with the features of the world and life. Categorization represents the process of grouping on classes of the information avalanche we enter into contact every day. This information is grouped on classes, categories after certain criteria. Thinking mapping are used in learning activites and helps to form very different representations and then scientific concepts, to classify and compare this concepts, in describing the attributes of various notions and development of various reasoning such as spatial reasoning or cause-effect reasoning. The purpose of this study is to identify, categorize and highlight the role of thinking maps in the formation of cognitive skills in school activity. From the methodological standpoint, in the present study I used a more analytical approach to obtain a definition and classification of mental maps and identify advantages and disadvantages of their use. Conclusions and Recommendations: a good Thinking Map can be effective mnemonics - remembering the shape and structure of a Thinking Map can give it the cues you need to remember the information within it. As such, they engage much more of our brain in the process of assimilating and connecting information than conventional notes do.

Key words: thinking map, cognitive  system, learning, cognitive skills

4. USING COMIC STRIPS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING FRENCH AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE: CHANGES IN MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS

download2.jpg

Nicoleta Laura Popa, Elena Odette Tarabuzan Associate Professor PhD, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University from Iaşi of  Romania, Teacher,  Economic Administrative College from Iaşi of  Romania

 Abstract: The present work reports a small-scale quasi-experimental study which investigates effects of using comic strips as authentic learning materials in supporting Romanian students’ motivation for learning French as foreign language. The study is based on a pretest – post-test design with experimental and control convenience groups (N= 29), which included Romanian students from an urban high school, studying French as the second foreign language. Motivational beliefs were investigated with adapted versions of three scales selected from Motivation Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ, Pintrich & De Groot, 1990): self-efficacy, intrinsic value and test anxiety. The intervention consisted in educational activities organized for eight weeks, in which comic strips have been used consistently. Results revealed significant effects of the intervention on students’ test anxiety, but no significant effects on self-efficacy and intrinsic value. These outcomes suggest the potential role of coming strips, among other authentic documents, in sustaining and improving some of the students’ motivational beliefs. However, more research is needed in this direction, as authentic documents, especially comic strips, are resourceful teaching and learning materials in language classes.       

Key words: authentic documents, comic strips, motivational beliefs, language education, French as foreign language

5. THE THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT’ ARTISTIC CREATIVITY (DSAC)

 

download2.jpg

Olimpiada Arbuz-Spatari Senior Lecturer PhD, “Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University, Chișinău, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The theoretical model in pedagogical research has primarily the  reason of representing in a verbal or in a graphic modality  the way to achieve the purpose of research, first component of the model developed by us and applied in the experimental research is students' creativity. The purpose or the logic of the model. Any theoretical model in pedagogical research has primarly the wherefore to represent in a verbal system or by a image the modality, the way to achieve the purpose of research, so the first component of the model we developed and applied in experimental research is students’ creativity, in fact, a higher level of creativity  that would bring together as much as possible in the pedagogical conditions in which we operate as many characteristics of the creative personality in the field of fine arts.

Key words: theoretical model, developing creativity, artistic creativity

6. THE TEACHER VIS A VIS HIS MORALE AT THE CLOSE OF THE LAST MILLENNI UM: THE IMPLICATION FOR THE CREATIVE ARTS IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN SOCIETY

 

download2.jpg


Manasseh Emamoke Imonikebe Associate Professor PhD University of Benin, from Benin City of Nigeria

 Abstract: The article focused on the place of the teacher at the close of the last century and the issue of morale in the teaching profession. This investigative effort was designed to address the teacher’s personality, his training, his activities, roles, problems and prospects and his morale as he delivered the goods at the close of the last millennium. The article is significant especially at such a time that  Brain-Drain was at its peak in Nigeria. Certainly, positive response of stake-holders to findings in this investigation will assist in no small measure in ensuring that the teacher takes his rightful place in Nation Building. It was clear that the teacher has been relegated to the background and thoroughly demoralized. It is expected that this effort would re-orientate the society, Government and other stake-holders to sufficiently appreciate the fact that the teacher is indispensable in society, knowing that there can be no meaningful national development without the teacher. It is the teacher who guides the learner in the learning process, produces the needed manpower for all sectors of the economy and the goose that lays the golden egg.

Key words: Teacher, Morale,Close of Last Millennium

7. THE ROLE OF ART IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT

 

download2.jpg

Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi  Assistant Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: Throughout history, mankind has motivated in different ways the need for expression through artistic language, art thus gaining a large number of different functions. This makes the purpose of art to be difficult to define/abstract and to quantify in a single concept. Precisely because there are many unique and different reasons for which art was created, trying to delineate/outline the role of art is more difficult, excluding completely the idea that due to its diversity, the purpose might be considered vague.  

Key words: language arts, art functions, the role of art, the motivation for art

8. EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF "ART-PEDAGOGY"

 

download2.jpg

Eugenia Foca Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: The author dwells on the diversity of opinions on the concept of "art-pedagogy", which comprises their analyses and systematization in order to capture specific educational potential for optimal instructive- educational problems solving. The recent decades’ changes in education have not modified the previous "drawback" namely, the lack of students’ education of sensitivity. What we identify today is that education focuses on knowledge, in such a way the child is "swallowed" by the ignoring system of free and pleasant work of art. In these circumstances there is a necessity of finding a common action field of self-directed subjects such as pedagogy, psychology and art, in which the psychological and physical life harmony and balance will come only from and through art. "Art pedagogy" is a new concept that interests more and more followers and is currently a priority for the science of education researchers.

Key words: art pedagogy, art therapy, art technologies

9. ASPECTS OF SUPPORTING GIFTEDNESS AND TALENT BY EDUCATIONAL POLICIES IN ROMANIA

 

download2.jpg

Ona Ionica Anghel  Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 Abstract: The topic of supporting the children and young talented through educational policy and strategies is increasingly interesting for the researchers in the psychopedagogy of excellence. Lack of support leads to a double problem: on the one hand can result in loss of talent, on the other hand a waste of human resources extremely useful to society. The purpose of this paper is to briefly present the state of concerning for this topic in Romania. Thus, we conducted a brief overview of the conceptual meaning that it has educational policies and educational strategies among local researchers and we analyzed the main legislative documents relevant for giftedness support in our country. Our approach has led us to identify some positive aspects and deficiencies of supporting talent and giftedness through national educational policies.

Key words: educational policies, support, talent, giftedness

10. THE ART OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS TRAINING IN THE SECONDARY TEACHING SYSTEM

 

download2.jpg

Caciuc Viorica – Torii Lecturer PhD, ”Dunărea de Jos” University from Galaţi of Romania

 Abstract: It is true that education cannot solve the problems of the environment, but it can ameliorate them, because through ecological education it is easier and more economic to prevent, than to repair and to ameliorate the damages brought to nature by the adult generations. In the pedagogical literature, there are four types of intercessions of implementation of the ecological education in the process of study. Even though the Romanian curricula has created all the premises for the approach of the ecological education through all the four types of intercessions, the achievement of the objectives of this education remain still at the preference and judgment of the teaching staff. This study aims to conduct a thorough analysis of how the art of infusing ecological ethics theories in the curriculum of the secondary teaching system leads to the training of students' environmental awareness.

Key words: environmental education, environmental ethics, attitude of respect for nature, curriculum, ecological awareness

11. A NEW VISION OF MUSIC EDUCATION FROM AN INTERCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE FOR RROMA AND NON RROMA STUDENTS

 

download2.jpg

Eugenia Maria Paşca Associate Profesor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of  Romania

 Abstract: The educational system must adapt to the new exigencies imposed by the recognition of the multicultural character of the society. At this level, the interculturalism as difference must be regarded as a richness, as a source which may and must be efficiently exploited from the pedagogical point of view in the benefit of all the children, of the minority and majority, in a mutuality of perspectives. It is necessary a new approach to present the Rroma and European musical creation of the musical education handbooks, valuing from this perspective the Rroma people's contribution as a way of life and musical expression, becoming a source of inspiration for the composers. It becomes important the inclusion of theoretical and methodological elements in the initial formation, as well as in the continuous formation of teachers, approaching these aspects ignored until now.

Key words: musical education, multiculturalism, Rroma, interculturalism
 

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 9 Year: 2015

 

Volume 1  / Number 9 / Year 2015


download3.jpg


                                            
PART I  MUSIC

1.THE DYNAMIC MUSICOLOGY AS A CURRENT TREND IN THE THEORY OF MUSIC


download2.jpg

Ion Gagim, Professor PhD Hab., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: The purpose of communication is to present a system of principles that constitute the high school course Introduction to dynamic musicology - a subject that is taught to future musicians / teachers of music and it is a consideration, a generalization, an actualization of the basic theories of musicology science and their interpretation in the context of the modern paradigm of scientific knowledge, as well as in terms of its active use in musical education and performing practice in the vocational and general music education system with appropriate adaptation. The given principles are formulated and developed by the author as a result of thinking / rethinking the basic traditional positions of musicology focusing on modern views of music as a spiritual phenomenon on topical issues of human initiation of the XXIst century to one of the highest manifestations of culture.

Key words: dynamics / dynamism, relationship, function, intra sonorous, dynamic musicology, principle, written form of music, sonorous form of the music, auditory music analysis, meta musicological

2. NATIONAL AND UNIVERSAL TRENDS IN THE MODERN SYSTEM OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN MOLDOVA

 

download2.jpg

Margarita Tetelea Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The system of music education in Moldova has its own history and traditions that have emerged and developed in a particular historical and social context. Throughout its development, it functioned as a certain integrity with its specific characteristics. At the present stage, music education in Moldova as a system includes all the necessary components, relating to the content, purpose, structure that have been established in the course of historical transformations, the reforms of the secondary and higher education, the reorganization of the concept of music education. This study is an attempt to reveal the characteristics of these changes, to identify the main trends in the development and establishment of modern conceptual model of music education in Moldova under the influence of national and universal ideas of progressive teachers of music.

Key words: music education, teacher of music, purpose, structure, content, the national element, the universal element, reform, theoretical model

3. THE TEXTBOOK OF MUSICAL EDUCATION AT SCHOOL DEBUT

 

download2.jpg

Marina Morari Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The content and structure of the school textbook of Musical Education reveals the Concept of Musical Education in the institutions of general education. A textbook addressed to a child that cannot read, write, calculate, etc. should reunite means specific to the artistic field in the exposure of the content elements: titles, images, figures, texts. The principles of organization and exposure of the content in the textbook page should reflect the children’s psycho-physiological possibilities, the fields of musical education (audition, interpretation, creation, reflection) and the concentric principle of the layout. The article contains the description of some innovative elements in the concept, content and didactic technologies of the musical education textbook for the first grade in the Republic of Moldova.

Key words: the musical education textbook, school debut, the concept of musical education, the functions of the textbook, the technologies of the school textbook

4. THE INTERPRETIVE PERFORMANCE AS A RESULT OF MUSICAL AND ARTISTIC COGNITION


download2.jpg

Lilia Graneţkaia Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The present paper deals with the problem of artistic cognition as a mean of artistic communication. This process is indispensable for decoding and revealing a sense, an image, an artistic content conceived in musical compositions by the composer. In the article are proposed and touched upon different types of musical cognition from the perspective of piano study: scientific, “dilettante” (amateur), artistic and pedagogical cognition. The author highlights the importance of introducing them in the study and the interpretation of musical compositions and solves some educational issues in the classroom of musical instruments. It is also worth mentioning that the artistic cognition is essential in the formation of the interpretative competence of the future music teacher.

Key words: communication arts,  piano repertoire, musical knowledge

5. IULIA BUCESCU – BASES OF MUSICAL TEACHING: NOVELTY - ORIGINALITY – CREATIVITY

 

download2.jpg

Luminiţa Duţică   Associated Professor PhD, „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: Iulia Bucescu, professor at the University of Arts „George Enescu” Iaşi, was one of the greatest educators of the Romanian musical education field.  A remarkable personality of the academic musical life, Iulia Bucescu was renowned especially for her ars docendi, as she served the musical didactic skillfully, with a lot of passion, tenacity and knowledge. She was also a master of musical experiments, thus obtaining exceptional results with her disciples. Her methods, her own system of tools for the formation and improvement of musical skills, her mastership and educational experience find their relevance in the volumes of Music Theory, Solfeggio and Musical Dictation which are to be presented in this scientific paper.

Key words: Iulia Bucescu, didactic methods, theory of music, solfeggio, dictation

6. THE METHODOLOGICAL MODEL OF MUSICAL KNOWLEDGE TEACHING-FORMATION AT PUPILS

 

download2.jpg

Viorica Crişciuc Lecturer PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The teaching and the formation of musical knowledge is not only a pedagogical act of knowledge transmission, but also an act of deep experience of music, of sonorous message perception, of investigation and discovery of the truth. Thus in this process the pupil is not only receiver, but also the confirming subject of musical work ─ the one who finds out/discovers/creates the truth, operating the mechanism of musical cognition ─ the comparison, the generalization and the application of musical knowledge. Thus, we anticipated the development of the experiment formation with the elaboration of a model of teaching and formation of musical knowledge to primary school pupils.

Key words: teaching and formation of knowledge, musical knowledge, specific strategies, the mechanism of cognition
      
7. THE CONCEPT OF MUSIC INTROSPECTION AT MUSIC EDUCATION LESSON


download2.jpg

Marina Caliga Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: Music education is a way of integration / reflection of reality through different genres of art. Also music leads you to facts, characterizing relationships through emotions, leaving a deep impress. This study approaches the thesis of incorporation of music lesson through music internalization by the teacher and students. Specificity of methodology of music exteriorization is known as a mood, as a dynamic process, becoming an instrument of control and exploitation of personalities of students in class, integrated through these activities. Experimental validation, aims the formation of internalization skills of music to students during the lesson, integrated by music-teaching activities.

Key words: music internalization, psychic processes, integrated personality, music lesson

7. PSYCHOPEDAGOGICAL AND MUSICOLOGICAL GUIDELINES OF CURRICULUM ELABORATION FOR THE MUSICAL AND ARTISTIC EDUCATION


download2.jpg

Tatiana Bularga Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract. This article presents the project of regulatory documents for the elaboration of the general curriculum of the artistic education. They propose a system of key-positions, thought in such a way, to settle down  the elaboration of effective curricular pieces for the development of children with special artistic potential. The principle of centering the educational process on the child is in the centre of attention of this project, having the aim to develop the musical and artistic potential of each child/pupil. We hope that the elaborations displayed in this article will help teachers to orient themselves in planning and organization of the musical educational process in an effective way on the basis of some new pedagogical visions on the unique personality of each child.

Key words: training/education of musically endowed children, development of potential,educational framework, regulatory positions, planning, organization of the educational process

8. DIDACTIC GAME - AS PART OF ENCOURAGEMENT  AND DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS’ CREATIVITY AT THE LESSONS OF SOLFEGGIO


download2.jpg

Mîndrilă Tamara Teacher,  Music and Pedagogical College,  from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

Abstract: Complementarity Solfeggio, Music theory, Dictation disciplines - organic integrated to the discipline with methods and techniques - also agist differentiated interdisciplinary structure with decisive role in creating a complex and effective system of elements of stimulation and development of student creativity. The didactic game at solfeggio lesson - comes as a support, which integrates taught content, to develop student creativity.

Key words: didactic game, solfeggio discipline, students creativity

9. MOVING TOWARDS OR AWAY FROM A SHARED EUROPEAN IDENTITY: INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN POLITICS, CHRISTIANITY, AND MUSIC


download2.jpg

Rossella Marisi Doctoral Candidate, Italy, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

Abstract: Many politicians and academics consider European identity as rooted in Christian values. Two main questions arise from this assumption: does the refusal of Christian roots undermine the political identity of Europe? do unbelievers miss the understanding of music deeply connected with the Christian message, in this way undermining also the cultural identity of Europe? This study analyzes these themes, focusing in particular on the role music can play, both in the cultural and in the political field, in order to reconcile believers’ and unbelievers’ positions.

Key words: Bach, beauty, cultural identity, Gestalt, shared values

10. FROM PREEMINENCE TO BALANCE: A COMPARATIVE VIEW BETWEEN COURT DECISIONS AND VIOLIN-KEYBOARD SONATAS


download2.jpg

Flavia Marisi Doctoral Candidate, Ghent University from Ghent of  Belgium

 Abstract: In past centuries, the sonatas for violin and keyboard showed a strong preeminence of one instrument over the other: sometimes the violin was assigned the leading role, and sometimes it was subordinated to the keyboard. Yet Mozart and Beethoven worked out a completely new concept promoting a balanced dialogue between the two instruments. In a similar way, the past decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union and those of the Constitutional Courts of some Member States could be read as struggling for the competence of being the ultimate source of authority, whereas the most recent ones show an “ongoing conversation” through mutual reception of the respective decisions. This study offers a comparative view between the musical and the legal fields, trying to highlight specific analogies which connect them together.

Key words: balance, Constitutional Court, ECJ, hierarchy, violin-keyboard sonata


12. THE INTELLECTUAL DIMENSION OF THE MUSICAL-ARTISTIC PERFORMANCE


download2.jpg


Vladimir Babii Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The author points out the process of the listener’s intro-opening to the musical art, event which engages all the person’s spiritual resources. It includes the volitive effort, backed by the intellectual component which is in a continuous dynamic growth. In author’s opinion the vocal knowledge of world and the knowledge of one’s own nature should be centered on the action to hear the conscience and to follow it, especially in the artistic field.

Key words: conscience, vocal knowledge, performance, artistic intro-opening, intelligence, stimulation-response.

13. MOTIVATION AS AN IMPORTANT ELEMENT OF MUSIC EDUCATION


download2.jpg

Marina Cosumov Lecturer PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 Abstract: The content of education in postmodernist society is a strategic resource of the human continuous development, in a space and time determined from the historical, cultural, social and economic points of view.The conceptual improvement of music extracurricular environment will promote the concern for the field of music education in order to assure an efficient continuity by pursuing an evolution and succession of the independent affirmation process from teleological perspective in self-correlation with the music environment existing everywhere. The extracurricular music motivation activity turns the pupil from a simple receiver/customer of external music influences into an active and selected subject, with an own interior determinism in choosing and releasing adequate music attitudes.

Key words: standing music education, extracurricular music environment, music context, independent music cognition.

14. TEHNICAL AND INTERPRETIVE  MENTAL CONCEPT


download2.jpg

Luminita Guţanu Lecturer  PhD. “Spiru Haret” University from  Bucharest of  Romania

Abstract: The artistic act must be expressed technically and interpretatively. In the process of interpretation of achoral work, the conductor’s mission is to attain a unity between the technical and artistic aspects. Attaining this unity is possible only when the conductor has established a mental approach of the work (the Technical Mental Approach and the Performing Mental Approach), which they can achieve after going through two stages: The syntactical – morphological analysis (SMA) and the Choral – Vocal Analysis (CVA).

Key words: Sintactical-Morphological Analysis, Vocal-choral Analysis, conductor choir, Tehnical Mental Approach, Performing Mental Approach

15. PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS IN APPROACHING MUSIC


download2.jpg
 
Loredana Viorica Iațeșen Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of  Romania

Abstract: Inaugurated as early as the 18th century (more precisely in 1722), with the birth of the journal entitled Critica musica - an important daily newspaper in which various composers of that time commented on their own creations - and continued by the attitude remarks and ideas on the validity of the value judgment of Romantic creators like Robert Schumann, Hector Berlioz, Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner, etc., music criticism developed in the 20th century as a branch of musicology. Being a form of pondering on the complexity of the sound phenomenon considered in its three-fold structure – creation-performance-reception – music criticism becomes a valid field when it begins to be practiced in the written press or in all the other media channels, by professional musicians in the true meaning of the word, with solid general-cultural and musicological training, capable of uttering well-substantiated opinions on the meaning or style of a piece of music in first audition, of apprising and judging the performance of an opus in a particular interpretative variant, and of contributing to the education of the audience and to the training of musical tastes in a coherent and responsible manner.
 
Numerous comments, which appeared in English lexicographic volumes (Encyclopedia Britannica, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians), in various papers in French encyclopedias (Musiques Une Encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle coordinated by J.J. Nattiez, in Paul Griffiths’ work entitled Objectifs et impacts de la critique musicale) or in Romanian references (Muzicologia şi Jurnalismul. Muzica clasică în media românescă de după 1989 coordinated by Prof. Dr. Laura Vasiliu) and more, increasingly contributed to the individual development of this fascinating field. The purpose of our paper is not to achieve an actual history of music criticism, which would only be possible further to thorough research. Relying on the synthesis of relevant chronological and stylistic information related to the object of our research, we will attempt, by the transposition of this phenomenon in the teaching world, to prove the possible evolution of music criticism genres in a natural sequence and relation, from presentation – annotation – essay – review, to interview – opinion piece – column – portrait. In our opinion, this sequence contributes to their clarification, meaning that they may be immediately and professionally applied in music journalism.

Key words: musicology, music criticism, music journalism, history, style, genre

16. TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE METHODS OF TEACHING FORMS AND MUSICAL ANALYSIS

 

download2.jpg

Gabriela Vlahopol Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania

Abstract: The use of creative teaching methods, whether traditional or modern, represents an unlimited potential to improve the quality of education, but also a way to stimulate interest in the study at both levels of teacher-student partnership. The discipline Forms and musical analysis has several peculiarities concerning the organization of the teaching process, that can raise real problems when accessing and assimilating information. In order to increase accessibility to the informational content implied by the discipline Forms and Musical Analysis, and with the purpose to stimulate interest of its students to acquire it, balance is needed in organizing the teaching tools, combining traditional teaching methods with modern approach strategies, innovative, often taken from fields other than related to music.

Keywords: methods, teaching, active learning, innovative strategies

17. MUSICAL EXPERIENCE AS PREDICTIVE FACTOR OF AESTHETIC REACTION: A REVIEW OF LITERATURE

 

download2.jpg

Dorina Iușcă Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania

 Abstract: During the last decades, a growing body of research has focused on the psychological and educational factors affecting the aesthetic reaction to musical stimuli. Many studies have shown that musicians and non-musicians tend to react differently to certain genres of music (country, twentieth century symphonic music, choral music). These significant differences may be due to familiarity with a specific genre, but mostly to the musical practice within a determined musical domain. The present theoretical research concentrates on several key experiments that proved that musical experience is an important factor regarding people’s aesthetic reaction. Educational implications of these findings are discussed in the concluding remarks.

Key words: aesthetic reaction, musical experience

18. GORDONIAN IMPLICATIONS IN POLISH MUSIC PEDAGOGY: BYDGOSZCZ SCHOOL MODEL

 

download2.jpg

Paweł  Adam Trzos Assistant PhD, Kazimierz Wielki University from Bydgoszcz  of  Poland

Abstract: Theory of universal music learning, according to Gordon, is mostly directed at teachers. The text aims at showing the aspect of the application of E. E. Gordon's theory into early music education teacher's professional training in Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz in Poland. The author recognises the importance of shaping research competences of future teachers as they help students use not only practical (pedagogical), but also methodological and empirical work of E.E. Gordon's theory. The text presents also the conclusion from research on the application of E.E. Gordon's Theory of Music Learning, carried out by students of early school and music education in Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz in Poland. It is important to emphasise the fact that research has been conducted according to Gordon's procedures. Researching the Gordonian implications in Polish music education refers to its selected elements within the range of application of research problems, theoretical implications and selected diagnostics solutions in early music education (also E.E. Gordon's tools). The main idea of the text revolves around more and more popular aspect of making university and teachers training innovations and relations very practical (in Polish universal music education). Such expectations are taken into consideration in Muzopolis project - described in this text - from its begining has been the field of practical and empirical application of the elements of E.E. Gordon's theory with the use of staff and student team cooperating in the Faculty of Music Pedagogy of the Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz environment

Key words: Theory of Music Learning by E.E. Gordon, applicability, action research, audiation, music aptitudes, informal music guidance, early music education model

19. DIVERSITY IN PIANO SIGHT-READING: PREPARATORY INVESTIGATION

 

download2.jpg

Tomoko Siromoto Independent scholar PhD, from London of United Kingdom and Japan

 Abstract: Pianists of intermediate and advanced levels have previously been tested sight-reading different styles of piano pieces in Japan and Romania The outcome vaguely indicated that the general fluency possibly not being the foremost importance as it is in the UK. A fuller analysis therefore has been undertaken, using the data from the test and the follow up questionnaires. From this small scale research, the Japanese subjects reasonably valued general fluency while not necessarily have achieved, and Romanian subjects probably did not value it very much. This confirmed possibly different practices of sight-reading between countries.

Key words: piano sight-reading, music education, comparative education.

20. THE TYPOLOGY OF PROSOMOIA IN BYZANTINE MUSIC. AUXILIARY TOOLS TO MEMORIZE PROSOMOIA IN THEIR ORIGINAL METRIC PATTERN

 

download2.jpg

Adrian Sîrbu Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 Abstract: In byzantine music, most chants are based on the prosomoia troparia, which follow the pattern of automela troparia. In the original language in which they were composed, namely in ancient Greek, hymnographers (Saint John Damascene, Saint Romanos the Melodist, Saint Andrew from Crete, and others) managed, with a remarkable ability, to synthesize the dogmatic meanings and to ensure the same prosody structure of the prosomoia, according to the automela model melodies. This explains the fact that, in the process of teaching and learning melodies that draw on the original metric, the text of any troparion would always be sufficient to reproduce exactly the melody of the model, without resorting to musical neumes.The translation of liturgical texts in Romanian could not follow the rhythmic pattern of the original automela. Therefore, the translation of the troparia has led to inaccurate musical execution, the interpreter being forced to improvise, to the detriment of the original musical form. The present study offers a few practical solutions to facilitate the process of learning the automela, starting from a better matching of Romanian texts to the original melodies. Also, it proposes an interdisciplinary vision which consists in using the notions of formal analysis to understand the logic of the melodic discourse, which could facilitate the memorising of automela melodies.

Key words: byzantine music, hymnology, prosomoion, troparion, prosody, formal analysis

21. MUSIC AND CLASS CLIMATE IN LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION

 

download2.jpg

Eva Králová Assistant PhD, “Alexander Dubček University“ from Trenčín of Slovak Republic, Maciej Kołodziejski Associate Professor, PhD Hab., “Academy of Humanities” from Pułtusk of Poland

Abstract: The authors focus on positive improvement of class climate by using musical activities as educational tool in another school subjects. The use of musical activities in educational process contributes to positive class climate in lower secondary education, mainly to better relationships between pupils and the other participants of educational process, to their social integration, contentedness, co-operation, communication, and success. The study introduces the research results of how music affects the class climate in 11-12 year old elementary school pupils. A seven-month intervention programme consisting of music activities was integrated in English lessons and background music in art lessons at an experimental class of tested group of pubescents.

Key words: class climate, musical activities, musical ability and aptitude, lower secondary education

22. POTENCY OF MUSIC AND MOVEMENT STIMULATION IN THE HEALTH CARE OF PATIENTS WITH PARKINSON´S DISEASE

 

download2.jpg

Nikoleta Poliaková Assistant PhD., “Alexander Dubček University“ from Trenčín of Slovak Republic

Eva Králová Assistant PhD., “Alexander Dubček University“ from Trenčín of  Slovak Republic

 Abstract: The study presents the research results aimed at the survey of how music and movement stimulation improves the health condition of patient with Parkinson´s disease (PD). It is a chronic, slowly developing neurological disease, which essentially does not shorten the life of the patient but it impairs its quality. Clinical manifestations of the disease are tremor, stiffness, reduced movement, impaired gait, speech disorders, vegetative and mental disorders. Pharmacological therapy can decelerate the disease, but cannot stop it. The research aim of the study is to determine the potency of music and movement stimulation to improve motor abilities of patients with Parkinson's disease. Research sample represent three female patients suffering from PD for 3-5 years with expressed representative symptoms. The research results of qualitative study prove the potency of music and movement stimulation, applied within 10 and 20 days, on reducing the muscle tension, tremor, improvement of self-care, and stabilisation of patients´ mental condition. Music can be the key to better quality of life in patients with PD.
 
Key words: music therapy, music and movement activation, Parkinson´s disease, physiotherapy, self-care, experiment

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 8. Year: 2014

Volume 1 / number 8 / Year 2014


PART II

 

Drama

 

1. IONESCIAN AND BECKETTIAN MASKS AND STAGE PROPS

 

Tamara ConstantinescuAssistant, Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi, Actress at “Fany Tardini” Drama Theatre from Galați of Romania editor of the journal “Theatrical Colloquy”

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: In modern theatre shows, the masks were used to create typologies, to dis-individualize characters, to emphasize the ceremonial character of staging. The mask reveals the ritual roots of the genre, infusing the dramatic experience with more detachment, releasing it from the style and dynamics of realistic drama. The antiheroes / anti-heroines in the Absurd Drama appear as grotesque automata, drained of any human substance, like masks and puppets easy to handle. The playwrights of the Theatre of the Absurd do not necessarily use the mask as disguise. The human figure becomes materialized in true masks. Stage props can have a plurality of meanings. Ionesco’s stage props can be understood as an attribute of the character, a distinguishing feature, that characterizes the antihero / anti-heroine, acquiring symbolic value. Beckett brings on the stage objects that overpower the spirit as the body separates from it. But the object can be bearer of humorous messages, tending to balance the feeling of despair or finitude. The absurd drama plays, the Ionescian or Beckettian ones cannot be reduced to the interpretations offered to traditional plays that have a conflict which can be summarized in narrative form. The essential feature of the plays indebted to the Theatre of the Absurd is precisely that they motivate us to find multiple reading versions.

Key words: theater of the absurd, Ionesco, Beckett, Bible, birthday, meaning

 

 

2. INFLUENCES  OF THE ORIENT IN THE EUROPEAN THEATRE


 

Ioana Petcu Assistant PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Without ever depleting its abundance of image, the Orient’s world represented a clear and refreshing spring, a definitive experience, beneficial for the artists from European zone. From the cultural view – but not only, the theatre had only gains from the multi-facets dialogue with the Hindu, Arabian or Egyptian traditions. The results were to be seen in directing, in theatrical pedagogy, because the direct or indirect interaction with the Levant had been refreshing the visions of scene’s people, it made possible approaching and discovery of the tangential points. The opinions and conceptions of some personalities as Ariane Mnouchkine, Eugenio Barba or Peter Brook have interested us in the analyze of the process by which Oriental elements are discovered, adopted and inserted into the Occidental scene.

Key words: influences, inter-culturality, theatrical anthropology, theatrical pedagogy, directing.

 

 

3. THE PUPPETEERS AS SOLO PERFORMANCE „MAKERS”

 

Anca-Mihaela Ciofu Assistant PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Certain syntagms such as total actor and total show have been increasingly used for some time. When it comes to the puppet theatre one might say that the corresponding term for the ideal actor, the total actor as he is called, is the solo puppeteer. There are a number of very good reasons that support the idea of promoting the solo puppet show: the many transformations the art of performing undergoes, the various expectations of the audience, the responsibility the artist assumes towards perfecting his professional activity. The work of some solo puppeteers has been closely observed despite their being un-contemporary but yet important figures in the field. I have contacted some of them personally and had the chance of discussing with them some of my most ardent questions.

Keywords: solo puppet show, total actor, preparing a show.

 

 

4. EDUCATIONAL THEATRE


 

Mirela Nistor Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The Educational Theatre took form in the 60’ in Great Britain  as a direct response to both school and theatre necessities.  Since then it has been developed in many different forms and contexts taking an impressive variety of theatrical forms. The Educational Theatre facilitates the classical educational system incapable of developing behaviour patterns and demeanours concerning moral values that young people need. This new form of art has tried, since its emergence, along with solving complex issues (from the communication and community development area), to redefine the role of theatre in society, calling in question the relation between the actor and the audience, the playwright and the actor, the theatre and the state, the theatre and the present and not the least important relation between the theatre and the propaganda.

Key words: Educational Theatre, Theatre in Education, Theatre, Education   

 

 

5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVITY THROUGH THEATRICAL TECHNIQUES

 

Angela Bejan Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo”  State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: In this article the creativity is built as an inexhaustible subject in education, the subject is brought by psychology, but finds its purpose fully in education. It reminds about the innate character of creativity, about the age particularities of imagination, about the educational character of the theatrical education. The methodological value of this work is the theatre techniques to be used for the description and the development of children's creativity.​

Key words: creativity, features of creativity, imagination, theatrical techniques

 

6. THE PHYSICAL TRAINING OF THE ACTOR IN THE 20TH CENTURY DRAMA PEDAGOGY


 

Ana-Cristina Leşe Lecturer  PhD. “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: In this paper we will focus on the aspects of the actor’s physical training and on the relations between the body and the soul, the body and the psyche which, in Stanislavski’s theory and practice, organically form one entity. We will also refer to the domain of Physical Education which includes physical training and is defined along two avenues: general physical training and motion; a parallel can thus be drawn between the methods and means used by K. S. Stanislavski and the methods currently used in Physical Education.

Key words: actor, physical training, physical education

 

 

7. THE PUBLIC SPECTACLE IN ROMANIAN SOCIETY PREMODERN. SCENOGRAPHY AND AUTHORITY IN DEVELOPING RELIGIOUS CELEBRATIONS

 

Carmen Alexandrache Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, „Dunărea de Jos” University from Galaţi of  Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: In the case of pre-modern Romanian society, religious celebrations were not only religion lessons; its were lessons which practicing behaviors, gestures and social attitudes. Thus, they became a good opportunity for to show the political power and social differences. Having a large capacity of social mobilization, the deployment religious celebrations could be done anyway. Therefore, gestures were ritualized framework was carefully prepared, place and contribution of each well fixed. In our paper we showed some examples that illustrate that respect religious holidays are a form of public spectacle.

Key words: celebration, gestures, ritual, public spectacle

 

 

8. THE CORPOREALITY OF THE ACTOR / DANCER IN POST POSTMODERN THEATRE ASPECTS


 

Ligia Delia Grozdan Lecturer  PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania, organizer and producer of drama shows, dance and stage movement, trainer and international referee of dancesport and rhythmic gymnastics

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Undergone spectacular changes within post-dramatic theatre, the understanding of what means the dancer corporeality supports a spectacular reversal. From vital dance, expansive, based on movement pushed to flight and float, it reaches the tendency of transforming the actor-dancer into an object of contemplation, other than the traditional one. It comes to a statutory body that leaves the viewer to admire the attitude and noble picture. In post-postmodern theatre, the companies promoting new physicality in Dance art enjoy great interest. There are so-called "living sculptures", which certifies the specific inclination of the new postdramatic theater to metamorphose living body in an organic theatrical body.

Key words: theatre, dance, movement, corporeality

 

9. PERFORMANCE WORKSHOP – CONCEPT AND CREATIVITY


Anca Doina Ciobotaru Associate Professor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

 download2.jpg

Abstract: The analysis of the double dimension of characters of the animation theatre – the imitative and the interpretative – and the role between animation and public, allows us to show the need to use methods focused on interdisciplinary and comparative studies; belonging of these characters to performing arts is obvious. These elements determine us to structure the show workshops so as to have as a starting point the practical argumentation of theory supported by our research. Every scenic action started from a core idea, concept or hypothesis, the stage performance confirming or invalidating the anticipated formula. This led to better understanding of resources of scenic expressivity offered by simultaneous presences (puppet actors – actors), which can be identified throughout the history of performing arts; this aspect forces us to perceive more attentively and objectively the relation between various forms of performance; tendencies to structure the role theatrical language in outlining the show being harmful, in our view.  

Key words: scenic action, animation theatre, theatrical language

 

 
 

PART  III

 

FINE ARTS

 

1. ORIENT AND OCCIDENT. SPECIFIC SPATIAL IMAGES

 

Maria Urmă Professor  PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania, urma3@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Geographical factors, the landscape are key factors in establishing the spatial images. There are differences between the spatial organizations of southern Europe, where assemblies and volumes have been developed horizontally, and Northern Europe, where forms have been developed vertically. The intermediate zone has made a balance between these two trends. At the global level, there are differences on the East - West direction: in the East were developed symmetrical and monumental ensembles and volumes, while the West has developed free and asymmetric compositions, Far East balancing the two tendencies. At the cultural level, the differences in the organization of space are difficult to see. There are models of investigation of Frobenius, Spengler and Lucian Blaga. These theories provide a useful analysis for each culture, rather from inside than outside. This study proposes, in addition, an analysis from the interference of cultures.

Key words: spatial images, Orient, Occident

 

2. FEATURES OF PALEOCHRISTIAN BASORELIEF IN THE PROVINCES DACIA TRAJAN AND SCYTHIA MINOR

 

Ioana-Iulia Olaru Lecturer PhD, ”G. Enescu” University of Arts from  Iași of Romania,  olaruioana2004@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: On the territory of the two Roman provinces situated in the north of Danube, Dacia Trajan and Scythia Minor, after the Roman conquest, there will be changes both regarding the encountered topics and the artistic style of basreliefs. Once Antiquity ends, PaleoChristianity will add a religious component, with transformations regarding iconography, but also stylistic ones, this field represents one of the proofs of pervasion and spread of the new religion also in these border provinces of the Roman Empire. And this happens at the level of the two types of relief which exist even nowadays, as they did since Antiquity: funeral relief which ornaments monuments and also architectural relief which decorates the new types of buildings, the PaleoChristian basilicas.

Key words: PaleoChristianism, chrismon, stele, kline, kantharos, impost

 

3. GUIDED INVESTIGATION – RESEARCH AS INSTRUCTIVE – EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

 

Ecaterina Toşa Lecturer PhD, University of Arts and Design from Cluj-Napoca of  Romania, catitosa@yahoo.ca

 

download2.jpg

Abstract:  In fine arts the guided investigation – research, as training method extends from the work and creation process to the evaluation of the strategy that led to certain results observable or measurable within an axiological framework and to the assessment of the teaching – learning situation.

Key words: learning by guided investigation - research, assessment, items

 

4. THE IDEALS OF EASEL GRAPHIC BEAUTY IN BESSARABIA


 

Tatiana Rășchitor Doctoral Candidate, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, from  Chișinău,  Republic of Moldavia, traschitor@gmail.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The present article offers a summarized vision on the situation of the Bessarabian nude in easel graphic, trying to unveil the local specifics of the evolution of the genre. The study reveals the artistic and stylistic particularities present in the nudes signed by notorious artists like Auguste Baillayre, Alexandru Plamadeala, Moissey Kogan, Eugenia Malashevski and others. The mixture of the works mentioned in this study tries to outline the image of the Bessarabian figurative art, marked by oriental and Western cultural interferences.

Key words: easel graphic, Bessarabia, nude, human figure, drawing

 

 

5. FORM AND METAMORPHOSIS EMBEDDED WITHIN THE PLASTIC COMPOSITION OF GRAPHIC, SCULPTURAL AND ARCHITECTURAL LANGUAGE IN SCENOGRAPHY


 

Cosmin Mihai Iaţeşen Assistant PhD,“George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania, iatecos@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The syncretic character of arts gained momentum especially in the second half of the XXth century though the diversification and the transmutation that started from the first decades of the regarded century. The plastic corespondances between graphics, painting, architecture and scenography originate from the relation between the perception of volume and becoming of some shape concept’s space, from sketch up to props and setting. One can represent volume in plastic arts in a large and diverse variety of possibilities, all the more so in which sculpture is regarded. The elements of language, such as the dot, the line, the spot and the shape, complete their expressivity through the plastic language’s value, plastic rithm, chromatic expresivenes through dominance, contrast and harmony. Through that which signifies  or symbolize a representation in a specific context of the composition.According to the sculpting creators and therorists the sculpture disposes of a richen potential of expression than the painting or the graphics. This may be because the sculpture has a certain force generated by a tridimensional configuration while it’s volume regenerates. The plastic image that is embrassed on in ronde-bosse, attaches and convoys the content of ideas and the piece of art’s aesthetic value in scenography, more evidently , through its style  (functional or spiritual, according to the century’s overview). By amplifying the vibes and the atmosphere of the century’s through architecture (where the volume, the surface and the design coordinate with the science and the art) and through the style of the costumes (outliving time and space) one can create the perfect circumstances for the action this is suggested to the characters whichever these may be eithen in the theatre, cinematography on television.

Key words: shape, metamorphosis, grafic, sculptural, painting, arhitectural, scenography

 

 

 

PART  IV

 

EDUCATION

 

1. NEWS ARGUMENTS FOR AESTHETIC EDUCATION AND THE EDUCATIONAL DIMENSIONS OF THE ART MUSEUM


 

Constantin Cucoș Professor, PhD, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from Romania, cucos@uaic.ro

 

download2.jpg

Abstract. Education for aesthetic values has to draw both on classical art,  which is based on the cultural tradition as a source of perennial meanings, passed down to us from ancient times, and on novel recent contemporary artistic expressions, which, though possibly perishable, evoke the life experience, the apprehensions  and the hopes of the contemporary people. In close connection with these innovations, we aim at re-systematizing and re-formulating new arguments in favor of the institutionalized aesthetic education in accordance with these recent artistic developments. At the same time, we insist on the importance of the objectives of the art museum as a way of didactic cognition and reinterpretation of reality.

Key words: aesthetic education, museum pedagogy, museum education, non-formal education, informal education

 

2. ETHNIC IDENTITY,  ASSIMILATION AND THE NOTION OF ‘HALF-ROMA’ AMONG THE ROMA IN LATVIA


 

Ieva Tihovska Mag. art., Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music from Riga of Latvia, ieva.tihovska@gmail.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The article concerns changes in Latvian Roma ethnic identity over last decades. Roma traditionally perceive society in a dichotomized way (Roma and non-Roma), but in the process of assimilation a category of ‘half-Roma’ has appeared. Thus, a question arises – what is the ethnic awareness and status of “half-Roma” in Roma and non-Roma communities. The study is based on interviews recorded during author’s fieldwork. The author continues the exploration of ethnic boundaries actualised by Fredrik Barth. The focus here is on assimilated younger generation Roma living in the “ethnic borderland”. The article discusses the modes of ethnicity articulation. The author concludes that until recently the most significant exposure of ethnic belonging has been the participation in community events and communication, not the use of ethnic attributes or a traditional lifestyle. Moreover, today ethnic belonging is a choice not a restriction more than before.

Key words: Roma, ethnic identity, assimilation

 

3. THE STANDARDS OF PROFESSION IN CURRENT APPROACHES TO ASSESSING QUALITY IN ROMANIAN ARTS HIGHER EDUCATION


 

Mihaela Mitescu Manea Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from from Iaşi of Romania, mihaelamitescu@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: It introduces an analytical approach to assessment of quality in arts higher education in Romania, with a focus on academic standards for university teaching staff. Should a similar view over professional standards apply to artists in higher education as it does for other academics, or better yet should their work be reviewed on another set of professional standards? A comparative perspective on approaches to assessment in arts higher education in other countries informs the argument presented here, proposing a critical view on what is local/universal in practices of arts higher education and, implicitly, in approaches to assessment for quality in this type of academic activity.

Key words: assessment, arts, higher education, standards.

 

4. THE SUCCESS OF ARTISTIC EDUCATION: INTEGRATION APPROACHE

 

Vladimir Babii Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University of Balti from Republic of Moldavia, vbabii@rambler.ru

Tatiana Bularga Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University of Balti from Republic of Moldavia, tatianabularga@rambler.ru

 

download2.jpg

Abstract:  The material treats the educational technologies that are subject to a fundamental rethinking, the authors are confirming, that it is the most advantageous way  for the  streamline the designated area is the launch of a new research directions such as the implementation by all routes of innovative praxiology. As a starting point is highlighted success and school failure in the arts. The research is adjusted to current needs of arts education and highlights some theoretical benchmarks. In the center is placed the perception and interpretation of music in the specific actions, which are identified with educative action. Worth are available: the participation of pupils in the design, organization and implementation / evaluation of musical action, the dynamics of the teacher's professional skills to achieve gradual procedure of theoretical design and practical operation (identifying the contents countries and educational and outstanding shares; diagnosis of individual resources, planning / development of assumptions, current and final assessment of the results, the changes that have occurred).

Key words: success, efficiency, educational action, musical action, innovative praxiology

 

5. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABSOLUTE PITCH: THE EARLY TRAINING THEORY 

 

Dorina Geta Iușcă Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania, dorinaiusca@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Absolute pitch is defined as the ability to identify the pitch class of a certain given sound without the aid of an external reference pitch. Due to the fact that this aptitude is quite rare between musicians, absolute pitch often remains to the mercy of myths and speculations. During the last decade, a growing body of literature focused on finding the psychological and musical factors associated to absolute pitch, as well on discovering its true etiology. The present study aims to review the most relevant studies dedicated to this special ability. The relationship between absolute pitch, pseudo-absolute pitch and relative pitch is first discussed. The incidence of absolute pitch is significantly higher between tone language speakers and, as a result, the link between language development and absolute pitch development is also approached. This aptitude may be considered either having a genetic component (the innateness hypothesis) or being a consequence of early music training during a critical period (the early training theory). Educational implications of the early training theory are argued.

Key words: absolute pitch, innateness hypothesis, early training theory, tone language

 

6. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AESTHETICAL TASTE THROUGH THE BUILDING-UP OF SKILLS AND ABILITIES TO PERCEIVE AND CREATE THE NATURAL BEAUTY


 

Viorica – Torii  Caciuc Lecturer PhD, „Dunărea de Jos” University from Galaţi of  Romania,  caciuca@yahoo.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The aesthetical dimension of personality is the most disfavored in the context of the contemporary school. However, the interdisciplinary approach to the study of various components of nature in disciplines like art, technologies, mathematics and natural sciences creates educational situations for developing the aesthetic taste. Besides practicing skills and abilities to perceive and create the natural beauty, the introduction of elements of ecological ethics contributes to the development of the aesthetic taste, as a premise for the pupils’ ecological awareness.

Key words: aesthetical taste, the beauty of nature, ecological ethics, ecological awareness

 

 

7. AESTHETIC DIMENSIONS IN ROMANIAN PRIMARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM


 

Nicoleta Laura Popa Associate Professor, PhD, „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from Romania, npopa@psih.uaic.ro

Liliana Stan Associate Professor, PhD, „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from  Romania, lstan@psih.uaic.ro

 

 download2.jpg

Abstract: The change in structures of Romanian primary school produced by the inclusion of preparatory grade within this educational level, determined curricular changes especially for the cycle of fundamental acquisitions. The new curricular products form the reference materials for the present analysis on the place and the role of aesthetics in Romanian primary education. Although international programmatic documents describe a personality profile for which the aesthetic dimension is relevant in the context of integrated education of the autonomous and creative citizen, national curricular structures do not cover appropriately this aim. It is also the case of Romanian curriculum for primary education (cycle of fundamental acquisitions) which isolates the aesthetic dimensions in two curricular structures: music and movement, respectively, visual arts and practical abilities. Although other curricular areas/disciplines avoid the aesthetic dimension, the two integrated structures previously mentioned indicate a more visible concern among decision-makers and practitioners for innovative revaluation of contemporary tendencies to include aesthetic education in all curricular structures (including mathematics and sciences).   

Key words: aesthetics, art education, elementary education, Romanian curriculum

 

 

8. THE FORMATIVE SIGNIFICANCE OF AESTHETIC CONTENTS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION – AN ANALYSIS OF ROMANIAN PRESCHOOL CURRICULUM


 

Liliana Stan Associate Professor, PhD, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from Romania, lstan@psih.uaic.ro

Nicoleta Laura Popa Associate Professor, PhD, ”Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from Romania, npopa@psih.uaic.ro

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Human beings prove constant receptivity for aesthetic dimensions of world’s components, regardless of their age. The interest of young children for beauty (in its various facets) allows educators to activate it for its instrumental value in developing personalities (the emotional, volitional, moral, cognitive etc. dimensions), and for the benefits of reaffirming aesthetics itself. More than at other educational levels, in preschool education children’s interest for aesthetics is acknowledged, and their aesthetic sensitivity grounds the achievement of all educational aims, by the coherent and proper integration of aesthetic contents into preschool education. The curricular offer for young children includes aesthetic experiences in distinct spaces, related with priority themes appropriate to children’s developmental level (getting acquainted with the natural world, with human/social groups, and with humans as unique individuals). The present study integrates conclusions derived from the analysis of the current Romanian curriculum recommended for preschool education in 2008; main ideas refer to the identity of aesthetic contents and to associated formative meanings, as illustrated in the curriculum, but also beyond it.

Key words: education, aesthetics, aesthetic contents, preschool curriculum, young child.

 

9. THE CREATIVE USE OF AUTHENTIC DOCUMENTS WITH ARTISTIC VALUE IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION


 

Elena Odette Tarabuzan Teacher, Economic Administrativ College of Iasi from Romania, odetine@yahoo.com

Nicoleta Laura Popa Associate Professor, PhD, „Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi from Romania, npopa@psih.uaic.ro

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Authentic documents have been intensively advocated as effective tools for foreign language education, and enthusiastically embraced by foreign language teachers. The present contribution reviews advantages and limits in using authentic documents in language classrooms, but also advocates for the creative use of such documents which also have artistic value, namely comic strips, photographs and films, audiobooks based on literary texts. A general introduction for each of these authentic documents is provided, as well as some didactical suggestions which may support language teachers in their attempts to create stimulating learning activities.      

Key words: learning tools and materials, artistic value, foreign languages teaching and learning

 

 
 

10. SPECIFIC EDUCATIONAL MEASURES FOR THE PROMOTION OF ARTISTIC EXCELLENCE AT EARLY AGES


 

Eugenia Maria Paşca Associate Profesor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of  Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Teachers can play an important role in identifying, supporting and evaluating educational measures that meet the needs of gifted and talented children. Regardless of the educational policy adopted at national level to encourage the education of gifted children, it is important to analyze how teachers are trained in order to work with children possessing potential and exceptional artistic skills.

Key words: art education, gifted children, educational policy

 

11. THE DEFINITION OF THE ART WORK: ONTOLOGICAL ASPECTS

 

Marina Morari Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi , Republic of  Moldavia, mmmorari@gmail.com

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Based on the theoretical developments, the article hereby defines the art work from the ontological perspective and identifies the qualities/features given to the art work: as spiritual, unitary and simple process and product. The art work is the result of many variables, resulting from: the type of thinking, the way of action, the complexity of the artistic personality, the interaction of the subject with the cultural environment and the society. The art work is proposed to the artistic experience, t the edge of which the aesthetic object is constituted as value carrier.

Key words: the work of art, principles of organizing the art work, aesthetic experience

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 7 Year: 2014


Volume 1 / Number 7 / Year 2014

download3.jpg


PART I

 

Music

 

1.

MUSICAL-EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH OF THE ADAPTATION OF E. E. GORDON'S THEORY OF MUSIC LEARNING IN POLAND

Beata Bonna Associate Professor PhD , “Kazimierz Wielki“ University of Bydgoszcz from Poland, beata@bonna.pl

Paweł A. Trzos Associate Professor , “Kazimierz Wielki“ University of Bydgoszcz from Poland, paweltrzos@poczta.onet.pl

Maciej Kołodziejski Associate Professor PhD Habilit, Academy of Humanities from Pułtusk of Poland

 

 download2.jpg

Abstract:  The authors demonstrate the results of their own research on the adaptation and application of E. E. Gordon's theory of learning music in the educational practice in Poland. Their research quests regard all the phases of education from pre-school period to university. The research is generally used to verify the theoretical assumptions of music learning in Polish conditions on the basis of the experimental procedures with the use of tonal and rhythmical motives in sequential didactic approach, diagnosing the musical abilities and achievements with the tools by Edwin E. Gordon, musical instrument timbre preference in children’s formal and informal education as well as the correlative strategy in examining the relation between the musical abilities and the eagerness for musical improvisations and musical achievements. The authors represent the only research centre in Poland dealing with statutory research on the theory of learning music.

Key words: Edwin E. Gordon's theory of music learning, musical education, musical abilities, musical-educational research, instrument timbre preference, musical achievements, readiness for harmonic and rhythmical improvisation, pre-school and school education, teaching music

 

2. DEBUSSY AS A FORERUNNER OF INTERCULTURALISM

 

Alessandra Padula , Professor,“Giuseppe Verdi” Conservatory of Milan  from Italy

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Between the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, when colonialism was in full force, Western composers expressed a deep interest in non-Western music, drawing on its structures, melodies, rhythms and timbres. Since 1901 Debussy wrote some pieces related to gamelan music. Should these pieces be considered as examples of colonialist exoticism, or rather as early models of interculturalism? In trying to answer this question, this paper highlights the educational role of music promoting respect and appraisal of cultural diversity.

Key words: colonialism, exoticism, Debussy, gamelan, interculturalism, cultural diversity

 

3. MUSIC AND DANCE AS A WHOLE

 

Rossella Marisi, Doctoral Candidate, Italy, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: There is a deep relationship between music and dance, because music performance may be considered as a kind of dance, usually performed by the instrumentalist’s arms, hands and fingers, and the movements performed by dancers may be considered as a source of sound and music. In performing works belonging to specific genres dancers and music performers interact, whereas in other works one kind of professionals fulfills all the required tasks. This article aims at exploring how the relationship between dance and music evolved over time, highlighting the most interesting genres and forms based on these two art forms.

Key words: music, dance, synchronization, coexistence, visual aspects of music, musical aspects of dance

 

 

4. MUSICAL IMPROVISATION AND JUDICIAL ACTIVISM

 

Flavia Marisi, Independent scholar, Italy

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Can musical improvisation contribute to the development of music? Can judicial activism foster the progress of the law? Supporters of musical improvisation underline its popularity among performers of different countries, education, and stylistic views; opponents assert the higher appropriateness of a faithful performance of the piece, in accordance to the composer’s wishes. Similarly, supporters of judicial activism affirm that it serves the needs of an evolving society, whereas opponents contend that in this way the judiciary usurps the role of the legislature.This article tries to shed a light on these issues, citing the opinions of important researchers on these themes.

Key words: improvisation, judicial decision-making, constraints, score, legitimacy.

 

5. LATVIAN CONCEPT MUSIC IN THE BEGINNING OF THE 21ST CENTURY

 

Ieva Gintere, Doctoral Candidate, ”Jāzeps Vītols” Latvian Academy of Music from Riga of Latvia, supervisor Professor PhD. Mārtiņš Boiko

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Concept music is a new trend in the Latvian music of the last two decades. The term carries a new theory, too, thus claiming to create a new and theoretically established category for the history of the Latvian music. Nevertheless, in the history of music the conceptualized musical structures are already a well-known phenomenon that has its roots in the American and European avant-garde music and also in the longstanding tradition of the musical cryptography. Cryptography is a tradition that has been used in the music since the ancient cultures in order to incorporate the sacral meanings, secret names, hidden spiritual symbols and also communicate the information for political aims. Some of the contemporary Latvian composers – Andris Dzenitis, Martins Vilums, Santa Buss, Janis Petraskevics, Santa Ratniece, Ruta Paidere, Kristaps Petersons, and others suggest similarly that specifically coded and verbally explicated ideas are crucial in many of their instrumental works. The analysis of their oeuvres shows that the ideas are hidden in specific symbols that are not perceivable immediately. They are sometimes deeply ciphered and the idea might not be obvious even to an experienced musicologist unless he knows the code. 

Key words: avant-garde music, programmatic music, music semiotics, code, timespace

 

6. THE CONCEPT AND PRACTICE OF TEACHING MUSICAL KNOWLEDGE BASED ON OBSERVATION

 

Viorica Crişciuc, Lecturer PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The present article reflects the results of the observation experiment. The teaching and the formation of musical knowledge during music education lessons was investigated. The purpose of the observation experiment consists in testing the quality of teaching-formation of musical knowledge to pupils in terms of lack of application/partial application of strategies specific to aesthetic and artistic education/music education. For the statistical evaluation of the samples were applied the indicators of efficiency of teaching and formation of musical knowledge – the perception, the understanding-the synthesis, the application and the valorisation, the profound experience of the musical contextualized message in music teaching activities of the lesson.

Key words: music education, musical knowledge, musical cognition, strategies specific to music education, observation experiment, music teaching activities

 

7. THE INTEGRITY OF THE LESSON OF MUSIC EDUCATION THROUGH MUSICAL – DIDACTICTECHNOLOGIES

 

Marina Caliga, Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of  Moldavia

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The education reform in the Republic of Moldova has triggered an intense process of reconceptualization of music education, curriculum reform,reassessment and restructuring the content of education.In the context of thequick modern changes,the aim of the musical pedagogy is to form the creative personality in the new conditions. The development and improvement of education, based on the changing requirements of societyto personality, and the transformation of the student into an active subject of his own development integrated into society involves the use of educational technologies and methods,which ensure efficient activities for teaching, learning and assessment. This study describes the modernization of the musical and pedagogical technologieswhich contribute to the integrity of the lesson ofmusic education through principles, strategies, methods and techniques.

Key words: music-didactic technology, lesson of music education, logical-artistic integrity

 

8. PIANO PEDAGOGY: WESTERN APPROACH IN A ORIENTAL CULTURE PEDAGOGICAL EXPERIENCE IN MAGHREB

 

Elena Ţigler Lecturer PhD, Higher Institute of Music from Tunis of Tunisia

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The main objective of education is to realize progress through qualitative changes driven by self-awareness. Education has a permanent effect and it entangles a long-term transformation. Pedagogy is necessary in every culture in order to facilitate and transmit cultural traits and art to future generations, being tied strongly to societal reality. Western pedagogical experience in a country of oriental background needs to find the balance between formative and informative, universal and traditional, and combine all those elements in a way that they complement each other for attaining the goal of opening doors to deeper knowledge for all the parties involved.

Key words: Pedagogy, western, oriental

 

9. PERSPECTIVES AND MUSICAL ANALYSIS BETWEEN OCCIDENT AND ORIENT

 

Elena Ovănescu-Pîrvu Associate Professor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract:  Impact of occidental culture on oriental music is recent, and so is the discovery of oriental music by occidental composers. Between modal and tonal systems, from occidental rhythmic span to oriental rhythmical diversity, from the instrumentation of the modern symphony orchestra to the oriental small group of Takht, from the various and ample genres of Occidental music to the accompanied monody specific to oriental music, composers of the twentieth century (both Occidental and Oriental) have searched for the ideal formula to understand, and then to introduce in their creations the atmosphere of another culture. If expressive meaning may be the same (sadness, joy, melancholy, etc.), the expression and, above all, the esthesic capabilities of each cultural public differ significantly . Therefore, the two musical cultures can meet tangentially, they can share certain typical elements, but without “their voices ever to be mistaken, or to lose their own tone and register” (J. During).

Key words: Occidental culture and Oriental culture, elements of musical language, repertoire, professionalism, musical communication and perception in two cultures

 

10. MELODY, RHYTHM, COLOR. A GENUINE VISION UPON ORFF METHOD

 

Luminiţa Duţică Associate PhD,“George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași, of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The Orff-Schulwerk pedagogical model has imposed as one of the most attractive and efficient method of musical education where the rhythm and percussion instruments play a fundamental role. Synchronic perspective, especially the diachronic perspective upon this phenomenon indicates a permanent update and enrichment both of the concept itself and modalities of practical concretization. The present study refers to personal results obtained by the vocal-instrumental children assembly Alpha Lirae that I conduct since 2007, a band that has promoted in Romania and outside the borders a modern musical repertoire based on the exploitation of rhythmic and melodic virtues of Romanian songs with oral tradition. I will highlight the playful dimension of interpreted works by revealing the polyphonic play, techniques of modern composition and coloring that derive from diversification of vocal-instrumental combinations.

Key words: Orff method, syncretism, percussion, rhythm, polyphony, ostinato, musical play

 

11. THE PREMISES OF EXTRACURRICULAR MUSICAL ENVIRONMENT DEVELOPMENT AS A FORM OF PUPILS’ MUSICAL CULTURE

 

Marina Cosumov Lecturer PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi , Republic of  Moldavia

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: The content of education in the postmodern society is a strategic resource for sustainable human development in space and time determined from/by historical, cultural and socio-economic point of view, etc. The educational reform, based on curricular approach, involves radical changes including arts education field, constituting/ representing "an essential precondition for/of the cult personality formation with high moral and spiritual aspirations" [Music Education Concept]. The conceptual valorisation of the extracurricular musical environment will favour the concern of musical education field, when the last will ensure a productive continuity by pursuing the development and succession from the teleological independent perspective of the affirmation process in its own correlation with the musical environment, available everywhere.

Key words: continuous musical education, extracurricular musical environment, musical context, independent musical knowledge

 

 

12.  ΤHE IMPROVEMENT OF THE LATENT POLYPHONIC VIRTUES OF PSALTIC MONODIES OF THE TROPARION OF ST. PARASKEVA, ECHOS VIII (PERSONAL CHORAL ARRANGEMENT)


George Dumitriu Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Troparion of St. Paraskeva in ehul VIII psaltic belongs to the series of general hymns (standard) that is played in the venerable holidays. The Psalter Troparion experienced some choral harmonization signed by Ioan D. Chirescu, Achim Stoia and Nicolae Lungu. This paper analyzes and explains a new treatment of this hymn, which combines  homophon writing with elements of imitative writing and fleeting use of different tonal plans, exploiting latent plurivocal virtues of psaltic monody.

Key words: melody, eh, consonance, imitative polyphony, total plan, choral treatment

 

13. THE VOCAL AND INSTRUMENTAL ART IN A COUPLE’S AURA


Lăcrămioara Naie Professor PhD, „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: This paper intends to be an inquisition concerning the multivalent preparation of the Classic Canto students by the instrumentality of the piano. The didactic, scholastic and artistic experience demonstrated the fact that the Classic Canto students have the necessary skills and aesthetic abilities both for the vocal interpretation and for the instrumentalist apprehension. It is about a unique kind of relationship between the performer and the musical instrument in a shape and essence unity which is characteristic for the instrumental-vocal chamber music while overlapping the singer and the instrumentalist. Therefore, the entire poetry of the artistic language cannot be perceived and reduced only to the expressiveness and the delight of the vocal intonations but understood within a cohesion and instrumental comprehension.

Key words: Overlapping instrumentalist, lyrical artist

 

14. NEW FORMS OF SYNCRETISM IN THE OPERAS OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY. THE  INTERTWINING GENRES

 

Loredana Viorica Iațeșen Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Given the multiple aspects of the post-Wagner opera genre, with a history so heterogeneous and fragmented as to prevent detailed coverage, it would be superficial on our part to attempt a complete presentation of 20th century opera. Limiting ourselves to the new variety of stagings and their reception, we shall dwell on the numerous genre works, their chronological continuity, changes in the perception of syncretism (the various terms applied to the genre – lyrical drama, musical story, monodrama, musical or instrumental theatre, etc.), the particulars of the relationship with theme and dramaturgy types (the verist, post-romantic, impressionist, expressionist, neoclassical), approached languages (tonal, modal, atonal, serial or combinations of these) and the intertwining vocal (cantata, oratorio) or instrumental genres (poem, fantasy and typical structures of autonomous music – invention, fugue, sonata, etc.). 

Key words: opera, syncretism, dramaturgy, the intertwining Genres, language

 

15. THE SET OF 24 PRELUDES AND FUGUES – DIDACTIC INTENTION OR CONSTRUCTIVISM?


 

Gabriela Vlahopol Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: One of the most popular collection of preludes and fugue on all notes of chormatic scale, ”Das Wohltemperierte Klavier”, belonging to Johann Sebastian Bach, represent the starting point of a long series of cyclical works with didactic purpose, made after the same pattern of tonal sequence. The didactic goal of the set, explicitly expressed by the composer in work prologue, and structural organization were important premises for subsequent revaluation of bachian model. This study aims to discover the relationship between teaching and constructivist side both in Wohltemperierte Klavier, but in its modern iterations, and the transformation over time of the original intent of the teacher Bach.

Key words: cycle, didactic, constructivism, Bach, modernism, tonality

 

16. ACHIM STOIA – THE MULTIFARIOUS NATURE OF A PEDAGOGUE. MARGINALIA ON THE SKETCH OF A PORTRAIT

 

Anca Leahu Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract:  An essential generator of the artistic academic breath in Iași, Achim Stoia played a decisive role in the development and the thriving history of the Iași Conservatory. His activity is proof of a special passion for folk music, as he was a collector of folk songs, which he used mainly in his own compositional creations, of a selfless dedication to managerial activities, of a particular consistency in performing musical life, as he was a tenured conductor of the Iași Philharmonic Orchestra, and of strenuous efforts to research and attempt to create and discover meanings, translating them into a glass window stained with sounds. As to Achim Stoia's creations, he remained faithful to the soundness of the tradition that he acquired in Paris, as he managed to express himself best, most naturally and full of inspiration, in the choral genre, to which he devoted himself from the very beginning of his compositional career; he was clearly very attached to the inexhaustible resources of human voice, to the manner in which it met the needs of his creative sensitivity and to its capability to express folk music so genuinely. In his works, Achim Stoia made use of the simplicity of technical means, yet he expressed a maximum of semantic efficiency.

Key words: Achim Stoia, folk music, choral genre, semantics

 

17. THE VALUE OF CONTEMPORARY MUSIC EDUCATION AND MUSICAL ANIMATION: EDUCATION FOR MUSIC, EDUCATION THROUGH MUSIC AND THERAPY THROUGH MUSIC

 

Rosina Caterina Filimon Lecturer PhD, "George Enescu" University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

 

download2.jpg

Abstract: Contemporary music education is based on criteria of globality, interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity, which even if it focuses on sound language, it is designed constantly on other learning areas involving the ludico-expressive, psychomotor, verbal and logical-mathematical sphere, to which are added the auditory-musical experiences of the child: perception, selection, storage, analysis, notation, handling and production. In the XXI century, music education is no longer a solitary discipline, codified for the untrained people, but rather a social experience of music that belongs to the whole community. Contemporary musical activities, in preschool and school education, are organized in so-called music workshops, where dynamic activities combining music and movement are practiced, education being achieved by musical animation, which replaces the rigid teaching methods and adapts to each individual. Musical animation is a cultural phenomenon, a social practice and a new teaching strategy in music education. This includes three main directions for the application of music education: education for music, education through music and therapy through music. Music education has the noble mission to activate, to raise awareness and to balance the child’s receptivity, giving them opportunity to know the sonorous world by directing them to express through sounds, to promote and develop the potential of the child, rich in    expressive-communicative resources, the musical experience being also important in shaping intelligence.

Key words: Music Education, Musical Animation, Education for Music, Education through Music, Therapy through Music

 

 

 

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 6 Year: 2013

Volume 1 / number 6 / Year 2013


Part III  FINE ARTS

 

 

1. BESSARABIAN ENGAVERS IN INTERWAR ROMANIA / Iarîna  Savitkaia Baragin, Senior  lecturer PhD, Academy of Music, Drama and Fine Arts from  Chisinau,  Republic of  Moldova

 

Abstract: Professional art, including -  engraving, appeared due founding artistic educational institutions, stimulating the emergence of art genres, reported to the European and the respective areas they represented. This process was implemented differently in different regions, sometimes the differences constitutes decades. Thus, beginning of  studies in the specialty in the Romanian Principalities are indispensable to the name of G.Asachi (Mihaileana Academy of Science, 1839),s T.Aman who founded the School of Fine Arts in Bucharest (1864) and Gh-Bardasare Panaiteanu that was the initiator of Fine Arts School in Iasi (1864).

Running the new century (XX), Bessarabian art shown in only a decade experience and  professional activity. Evening drawing school run by Terinte Zubcu appears in Chisinau in 1887 and operate until 1897, when management was taken over by Vladimir Okusko, a graduate of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, being reorganized in Municipal Drawing School (1902) . Among the graduates of this school appear architect Alexei Sciusev, teacher Paul Silingovschi and sculptor Alexandru Plamadeala. Due to the last, in 1919, the School of Design is transformed into Fine Arts School which existed until 1940. This period may be considered the most successful in becoming of Bessarabian modern art, but certain engraving promoted some familiar names in European art, such as art Elisabetn Ivanovsky or in Romanian interwar and postwar period - Theodor Kiriacoff, Anatoly Cudinoff, George Ceglocoff, Victor Rusu-Ciobanu and others. 

 Keywords: Bassarabian fine art, engraving Bessarabian

  

2. ASPECTS OF MILITARY ARCHITECTURE FROM LATE ANTIQUITY IN ROMANIA / Ioana-Iulia Olaru, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

           

Abstract: In the History of Arts from Romania, Late Antiquity is absent and this is not justified. We are trying to find an individual place for this period of transition, for it is well-represented, both regarding its architecture and its artifacts (sculpture, painting, mosaic, minor arts), they all record the passing from the ancient vision to the Paleochristian one. One of the aspects of the architecture of this period is treated by the present research which is focused on military architecture from the two provinces on the territory of Romania: Dacia Traiana and Scythia Minor (today’s Dobrogea).

 Keywords: vallum, camp, castellum, quadriburgium, dava, oppida    

 

3. ROMANIAN PICTORIAL REPRESENTATIONS – BEAUTY, FAITH AND POLITICS / Carmen Alexandrache, Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, ”Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of Romania

 

Abstract: This study will see that the Romanian painting was a means of communication both with the divinity and with the members of the community or with foreigners. The artistic creations are a visible “echo” of the changes occurring in mentality, its products becoming “expressions of mentality”. Painting has represented a means to activate the collective memory, but because of this important role, it was carefully monitored by the political authority as well. From this perspective, any concern regarding the underlining of the connection between the writings of the foreign observers and the manifestation of the Romanian artistic sense becomes interesting. 

Keywords: mentality, literature, communication, artistic creations

 

Part IV  EDUCATION

 

 

1. ARTS AND INTER/CULTURAL EDUCATION IN THE EUROPEAN SCHOOL /  Eugenia Maria Pasca, Associate profesor PhD,  “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of  Romania

 

 Abstract: Educational systems increasingly recognize the importance of developing children's creativity and contribute to the cultural and intercultural education, but it is not necessarily clear how the arts are expected to contribute either as individual subjects or operating with other curricular areas. At European level, 21 countries/states have had similar objectives for the arts curriculum. These included:  developing  artistic skills, knowledge and understanding, involvement in a variety of art forms; increased cross-cultural understanding; sharing artistic experiences, thus becoming both artistic consumers and  contributors.  But in addition to this, in most countries there are expected personal artistic and social / cultural  results - from arts education (such as confidence and self-esteem, individual expression, teamwork, intercultural understanding and cultural participation) . In particular, among the goals of art education, there is  a new focus on creativity (often in relation to its importance in innovation) and cultural education (in relation to both individual identity and  promotion of  intercultural understanding).

 Keywords: art curriculum, art education, intercultural education

 

2. UNDERSTANDING THE CHALLENGES OF A POSSIBLE REFORM IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM PREPARING ARTS TEACHERS /  Mihaela Mitescu Lupu, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

 

 Abstract: The paper locates recent attempts for a possible reform of the pre-service teacher education system in Romania and proposes an analysis of the possible challenges. The argument of the paper is constructed on one proposed plane of reflection: that of the relationship between the theory and practice in the pedagogical thinking of policy makers. The analysis is situated in relation to recently published data on European policies and practices in the field of arts and teacher education.

Keywords: arts, teacher, education, reform

 

 

3. INTERCULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF MUSIC EDUCATION / Dorina Geta Iusca, Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

  

Abstract: Amidst an extensive development of the media and an increase in the number of international student mobilities, the cultural and social relationships have become more numerous, having profound implications over the individual’s and society’s cultural identity. Thus, the education for cultural diversity becomes a must in the students’ instruction and learning in the contemporary school system. In this context, music education has a special role, as it becomes a medium, a resource, a pretext or the way in which intercultural instruction is realized.

Keywords: music education, intercultural interaction, education for cultural diversity

 

 

4. REFLECTION ON ART’S TRAINING OF ECOLOGICAL BEHAVIOUR / Viorica – Torii  Caciuc, Lecturer PhD, „Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of  Romania

 

Abstract:  Using aesthetic property of non-human beings to form the ecological behaviour of children in the instructive – educative process is not only a science but also an art. This step can be done by educating in the spirit of social beauty by capitalizing natural beauty, ecological ethics offering multiple arguments in this repect.

 Keywords: art, ecological education, ecological ethics centered life, natural beauty

 

 

5. BEHAVIORAL FORMATION OF TEACHERS FOR GIFTED CHILDREN’S EDUCATION /   Tatiana Bularga , Associate Professor PhD, University docent, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia

  

Abstract: The article presents the essential positions of academic training as a form/strategy of behavioural  formation at future and present teachers of music. The training`s blocs/items valuates a model of pedagogical behaviour adequate for the necessities and special problems of musically gifted children. The goal of present training is to create effective  didactic/pedagogical conditions for valuating the pupil`s potential.

 Keywords: behavioral training, efficient behavior, efficient teacher, necessities of gifted children, adequate behavioral qualities

 

 

6. EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE SYSTEM OF TEACHER TRAINING / Simona Marin, Associate Professor PhD, „Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of Romania

 

Abstract: The researchers are increasingly focusing more towards analysis the changes which the informational society introduces, the dominant being given by knowledge and creativity, which are vectors of personal and institutional development. The goal of looking into the specialized literature and the programmatic European documents will be to identify the principles and priorities of the contemporary education which are assumed globally and their impact on the sphere of reanalyzing the politics, models and strategies used in the training and development of the human resources, that contribute to the stimulation of competitiveness and cooperation, to the promoting of innovation, change and flexible training, and also to the valuing of the new informational and communicational technologies. The educational reality demands for the widening of the scientific preoccupations so as to talk of the professionalization and development of the human resource as a process of training and enlarging the amount of knowledge, competences and attitudes which will allow to take upon oneself and to accomplish the professional tasks specific for a corresponding level of performances and to put into practice the principles of a ,,knowledge based society”. The impact of such a system of standards role educational policy aimed at teaching career centered on performance, career development, professional development, ensuring professional dynamics, linking institutional structures, programs and regulatory acts governing the status and professional standards. The knowledge society reaffirms developed a foundation of social systems - education system progress depends on the quality of human resources. Training and development of teaching staff with professional standards of career didactic reference to become for institutions a dominant component in personnel policies and organizational development. In this context, the professionalization of teaching careers by implementation of a competency-based standards for teaching and research is a general reference framework in assessing the condition of human resources and improve quality in education in Romania. 

Keywords:  educational systems, teacher training, professional standards

 

7. THE CONCEPT OF HERMENEUTICS IN MUSIC EDUCATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY FROM KRETZSCHMAR TO KABALEVSKY / Margarita Tetelea, Associate Professor PhD, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of Moldova

  

Abstract: The XXI century is considered to be the century of interpretation and spiritual ascendence of the personality. In this context we also involve the role of music education, in which hermeneutics enables the opportunity to make discoveries, to understand the human mind and soul. In this connection the basic principle is to establish the dialog between past and present. 

            Music-hermeneutical interpretation is the key to understanding the inner world and  the general spiritual values of the pupil. It is also seen as the most individual and personal interpretation. Only in this way, the pupil-listener can rediscover himself in music, making a decisive role in the reconstruction of musical image. The hermeneutical interpretation of the musical image requires not only pupil’s intellectual background knowledge, but also emotional, and psychological attitude. Thus, it contributes to the creation of a beautiful soul, and as follows the creation of true aesthetic values. Hermann Kretzschmar (Germany) and Dmitry Kabalevsky (Russia) touch upon  these issues in their works.

             The comparative approach to the concepts of music education of these great personalities gives us the opportunity to see that two systems, one created in Germany in the early XX century and the other in Russia at the late XX century, hold the idea of a hermeneutic dimenssion as a process that establishes a relationship between pupil and music. Given the numerous works of these great teachers and musicians, we note that in order to access the hermeneutical interpretation of musical discourse, pupils need a creative and artistic involvement besides musical knowledge. Thus, hermeneutical interpretation becomes interdisciplinary. In this context, music will be regarded from different aspects, such as: historical, musicological, artistic and aesthetic aspects. This kind of interpretation – recreation of music contributes to pupil’s musical and spiritual culture formation and development.

Keywords: musical hermeneutics, comparative study, Herman Kretzschmar, Dmitry Kabalevsky, music education, musical image, musical discourse.

 

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 5 Year: 2013


Volume 1 / Number 5 / 2013


download3.jpg


Part I  Music

 

 

1. A MUSICOSOPHIC WAY OF KNOWING MUSIC AND LIFE / ION GAGIM, PROFESSOR PHD, „ALECU RUSSO” STATE UNIVERSITY FROM BALTI , REPUBLIC OF  MOLDAVIA

 

"What is the man who does not feel the music flowing into his soul?", George Balan 

 

 Abstract: The issue under consideration addresses the phenomenon of Musicosophia (Latin music, Gr. Sophia, meaning "Wisdom of music", a concept devised, launched and materialized by George Balan, an outstanding  musicologist, philosopher and man of culture) under several primal hypostases: a) a philosophical concept of music, treated as a spiritual phenomenon, with supreme meanings in building the human being; b) a musicology concept that highlights the listener for whom the music is, in fact, created and who is considered the "third founder" of it. "Musicosophia" underlies the listener’s special status and location in the very act of musical communication, emphasizing his importance as a major factor in the existence of music and its cultural and social functioning, c) a musical and pedagogical concept with specific principles and methodology aimed at training "active", "conscious "," research ", and "meditative" hearing musical skills that lead to a profound understanding of the artistic message and the art of sounds d) an institution with this name is located in Sankt Peter, a town in the High Black Forest, Germany. 

Music comes not only to delight or to inform  a person, but to transform him and raise him to the sublime. According to its characteristics, and following such an approach, music turns into a higher form of knowledge of the human being and life. "Knowing by identifying", applied by the  school of Musicosophia, leads to the creation of a new kind of experience, a new way of thinking, the acquisition of higher wisdom (present in music), practicing, therefore, a "wise" way of leading our existence.  

Keywords: philosophy of music, active hearing, the school musicosophyc

 

 

2. FEMALE MUSIC MAKING IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY / Rossella Marisi, Doctoral Candidate, Italy, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania


  Abstract: Women’s studies, a relatively new academic field, examine the way society creates, patterns and rewards women’s status in society. Research has shown that, in the course of time, women have been led to identify and perceive their role through gender-oriented education: either in private households or in schools, the subjects taught to girls were different from those taught to boys. Music, in particular, was considered strongly linked with femaleness. 

     Being trained in music education, girls and women of the upper class became during centuries active participants in all aspects of musical life, performing and composing music; nevertheless, often their endeavors remained unknown and unpublished, being considered amateur accomplishments, destined to be eclipsed by those of highly trained “professional” male musicians.

      This study strives to highlight the principal characteristics of the nineteenth century society and culture, which introduced compulsory education for aristocratic and bourgeois girls, but denied them the chance to have a career. Nevertheless, some highly talented young women became renowned performers, composers and music teachers: among them Maria Szymanowska, Louise Farrenc, Léopoldine Blahetka, Fanny Mendelssohn, and Clara Wieck.

Keywords: women’s status in society, women musician, music academic education 

 

 

3. LAW AND MUSIC: COPYRIGHT AND NEIGHBORING RIGHTS / Flavia Marisi, Doctoral Candidate, Italy


 Abstract:  Both composition and performance are considered creative acts: nevertheless, composers enjoy specific Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), which are not attributed to performers. This originates from a long history, which identified creativity with originality: in Romanticism composers had to write original works because only those works which showed genius and originality were considered copyrightable. Yet at present many researchers deem that each composition is (at least in part) a plagiarism. Unlike composers, performers have not to show originality, but to choose one or more famous performers as their role models, inserting themselves in existing performing styles. However, research demonstrated that performers are always creative, either in playing classical repertoires or in performing aleatoric music or jazz. Should therefore higher IPRs protection be recognized to performers? Or vice-versa, should lower IPRs protection be recognized to composers? 

      This study tries to analyze the most important steps in the history of copyright law, and claims that a balance between IPRs and public domain could benefit either musicians or the society as a whole, promoting progress in science and the arts.

Keywords: Intellectual Property Rights, protection be recognized to performers

 

 

4. ENTERTAINMENT IN THE ROMANIAN VS. EUROPEAN SCHOOL MEANS OF PERFORMANCE STIMULATION /  Mihaela Loredana Gârlea,  Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

                

Abstract: The entertainment in Romanian schools have a vision complementary ways of developing cognitive capabilities, means of expression, the externalization of states, their awareness and shaping the personality (education through film, theater, music, dance) among preschoolers pupils and students. 

Keywords:  entertainment, school, parents, educational, artistic, social.

 

 

5. MODALISM AND TONALISM IN THE ROMANIAN LITURGICAL CHORAL CREATION WHICH ENHANCE THE TRADITIONAL CHURCH CHANTS / George Dumitriu, Lecturer PhD,  “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

 

Abstract:  The liturgical chant of Romanian Orthodox Church has its source in the Byzantine churchly cultural aria. Being exclusively monodic, this liturgical chant has begun to be used and enhanced since the second half of the 19th century. The melodies of Romanian Church are essentially modal, as a legacy of Byzantine spirituality on Romanian soil. It belongs to the eight church “echoi”, whose sound organization is different from the Western ecclesiastical modes. Its choral vesting led to the coexistence of two different sound worlds: a modal one, which lies in the church songs and a tonal one consisting of the predominant harmonic conception of liturgical songs choral treatment.

 Keywords: mode, echos, tonality, chord, harmony, choir, Byzantine, melody, liturgical chant. 

 

 

 

6. INTEGRATING RELIGIOUS AUTOCHTHONOUS MUSIC IN PUPILS’ MORAL AND SPIRITUAL EDUCATION / Marina Caliga, Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract: They say that music is able to ascend earth to heaven, and make heaven unite with earth. Religious music is a form of worship of God and bears an immense spiritual power. It is one of the largest areas of autochthon culture. Religious singing has marked Moldovan music history over several centuries of professional musical art existence in our country. This article is a summary of the subject of religious music integration in moral and spiritual education of students.

 Keywords: autochthon religious music, students’ moral and spiritual education 

 

Part II  DRAMA

 

1. BIBLICAL MARKS IN IONESCO’S AND BECKETT’S DRAMA /  Tamara Constantinescu, Dramatic Theatre „Fani Tardini” Galati – actress,   Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu”University 

 

Abstract: The “light” experience lived by Ionesco, determined his early interest for mystical writings dedicated to the search of sacred, interest that influenced the subject for his writings as well as “the birth” of characters. The symbols of a biblical aspect geminated in the projection of the feminine characters are perfected by the onomatological signification that reminds also of biblical signs. The most often encountered names are Marie, Mary referring to Virgin Mary (The bold singer, The Lesson, Exit the King, Improvisation at Alma’s). The characters Marie-Madeleine and Madeleine (Hunger and Thirst, Victims of duty, Amédée or How to get to rid of) are the echo of Marie Magdalene. Marthe, the little girl from Hunger and Thirst and Air pedestrian brings Marta, Lazarus’s sister, to our mind. The lover of the protagonist from A hell of a mess!, Agnes, has as a onomatological signification the sacrificial lamb. The name Margareta, with the English version Daisy\ Dany, can be encountered in the Ionesco’s plays Exit the King, Rhinoceros or The Killer without Reason. Also in Samuel Beckett’s plays the characters sometimes appear as a continuation of ancient biblical images. The onomatological signification of the characters is opening, as in Ionesco, to several sources, the main source being the Bible.

Keywords: theatre of the absurd, Ionesco, Beckett, The Bible, signification onomastics.

 

 

2. ALTERNATIVE PEDAGOGY IN THE ART OF THEATRE OF THE XX AND XXI CENTURYES / Ioana Petcu, Assistant PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of  Romania

 

 Abstract:  In theatre, the great struggle of the XX and XXI centuries is about definitions of basic terms, this way being born multiple views of  approaching to the scene and the artistic act. If Stanislavski and Brecht have traced the most important work methods for acting and directing, at the beginning of XX century, they actually represented the rigorously trunks from which evolved or derived the main European theatre schools. Contrary to any appearances, the major doctrines have common points, too, weather we speak about “the poor actor” of  Jerzy Grotowski or about “the meeting space” of  Peter Brook’s vision, about the searched exteriority of Anatol Vasiliev or about “the spiritual theatre” of Andrei Serban, the intersection zones are recognizable. Difference and unity are the terms that describe best the vast landscape of research in the actor’s and the director’s art of the last hundred years theatre.

 Keywords: stage alternatives, method, system, actor’s art

 

 

3. THE FORMATION OF THE ELEMENTS OF THEATRICAL CULTURE AT STUDENTS: BETWEEN SEMIOTICS OF SIGNIFICATION AND COMMUNICATION / Angela Bejan , Assistant, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Balti, Republic of Moldavia

 

 Abstract: The present article deals with the possibility and the advantages of the semiotic approach of the formation of the elements of theatrical culture given by the very essence of the theatrical culture phenomenon. Understood as the realization of certain possibilities of culture manifestation, stored in nature or in human condition, in form of certain cultural virtualities, the element of theatrical culture already contains latently the premises of its methodological improvement in the educational process. On the one hand, the theatrical art is approached as a semiotic act in a paradigm of semiotics of signification, but, on the other hand, the educational process is performed in the key of a semiotics of communication.

 Keywords: theatrical culture, symbol, sign, semiotic act, act of pedagogical communication, educational background

 

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 4 Year: 2012

Volume 1 / Number 4 / Year 2012


PART III The formation of teachers in the field of artistic education

 

1. THE WAYS OF INTEGRATION OF THE PROCESS OF MUSIC TEACHER UNIVERSITY FORMATION / Margarita Tetelea/ Associate Professor PhD/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti , Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract:  This research studies the specific issues connected to music teacher competence formation in the current academic musical education. These problems are related to the integral vision of the process of training specialists and are based on encyclopedic dimension, that represent revaluation of all tangential areas of music and music pedagogy in music teacher training.

Key words: music teacher, music education, musical competence, teaching music, encyclopedic dimension, session dimension.

 

2. TEHNOLOGIES FOR DEVELOPING MUSIC TEACHERS’ VOCAL COMPETENCES / Petr Sikur / Associate Professor / State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia     

 

Abstract:  In this article, the author reveals the causes of difficulties in music teachers’ work, the reasons of frequent voice illnesses and offers a new method of training such specialists.

Key words: The increased voice loading, noise background, the chronometry, voice training, declamation-speaking manner of singing, intonational-speech method.

 

3. TEACHERS FORMATION FOR MUSICALLY GIFTED PUPILS: REALITY AND DEMANDS / Tatiana Bularga/ Associate Professor PhD/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract:  The present article treats the essential positions of the university’s conception at formating an afficient teachers for gifted children, who need special attention with a view to achieve their individual potential.

Key words: musically gifted children, gifted children’s needs, musical potential, efficient teacher.

 

4. EMPATHY FOR MUSIC AS THE ESSENCE OF MUSICAL EDUCATION / Marina Morari/ Associate Professor PhD/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti , Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract:  We can define two levels in musical education: theoretical- informative and applicative- formative.  At the theoretical- informative level accumulation of knowledge and development of informative-reproductive abilities and skills take. At the applicative-formative level musical education  is achieved by direct contact with works of art. The two levels of implementing artistic education – theoretical- informative and applicative-formative- are in a reciprocal relationship supplementing each other. This means that instruction cannot replace but can only ensure a better interception of music. Meanwhile proper contemplation valorizes the virtues of instruction and ensures the realization of the fundamental purpose of education. The communication between the student and musical art does not depend only on the aesthetic value of music but also on the subject’s creative participation in this communication. A psychic communion between the receiver and the artwork, between the conscious and unconscious structures of the student’s personality and the musical artistic message. The main aim of this dialogue is enriching the receiver’s experience and his becoming more sensitive via emotion and empathy. 

  The didactic way of learning music must bear the stamp of art music specificity. Affective empathy for music as an exigency of musical education creates the moment of founding music. An empathy that depends on the student’s cognitive experience, on his psychic and psychophisiological state, on the environment in which it is produced appears in the musical act (of listening/interpretatio/creation). We define empathy for music as a flow of states that appear during the musical act (of listening/interpretation/creation). The products of empathy for music are: musical sensitivity, music perception, musical intelligence, motivation, attitudes. Certain changes depending on the student’s psychic functions and forces are produced during the musical act.

Educational valencies of art may be intensified in artistic knowledge that values the empathy and thinking acts that copenetrate, cooperate and complete each other. It is very important to effectively valorize  empathy for music during the educational process. Access to the essence of music is facilitated by the convergence of empathy and understanding, of sensitivity and mind, of relish and thinking. The act of musical education cannot be conceived without empathy.

Key words: empathy for music, the act of empathy for music, musical knowledge, products of the act of empathy for music.

 

5. INITIAL TRAINING ASPECTS OF TEACHER MUSIC EDUCATION / Marina Caliga/Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia        

 

Abstract:   The article explores  the question about Music Education work by a high-skill school/university teacher at the prezent stage of higher education development. In the context of systemic modernization of higher education, increasing qulitz demands, complexitz of personal and professional development tasks of students the demands on the level  of pedagogical culture in the high high-skill school is rising, there is a need for teacher continuous education on a fundamentalyy new basis. The present state  of  transformation of higher education undertakes  a new concept of training teaching staff, with the view to form  a high-skill teaching professionals. Experimental  observations  determined  us to analyze  technologies and specific  contents of  this process. The article points out the notion of initial training  of the teacher of music which  foreseen  the  wholly  approach   of teaching  activities. It does references to following  activities: interpretation (tool,directed,vocal music); listener-communicative (characterization/analyzing of the music, music knowledge and about music).

Key words: Music education, initial training of teacher, process, professional, muzical-teaching activities.

 

6. HOW CAN TEACHER EDUCATION BRING TO LIFE VYGOTSKY’S IDEAS ON ART AND PSYCHOLOGY / Mihaela Mitescu Lupu/ Lecturer PhD /Department of Teachers Education University of Arts “George Enescu”from  Iasi, of Romania / This work has bee supported by CNCSIS-UEFISCSU, project number PNII-RU 21/2010. 

Abstract : An analysis employing Vygostky's ideas on art and psychology is presented in this paper. By focusing on the constraints and affordances that teacher education programs present to their participants willing to become art-teachers, possible implications for re-framing teacher education are discussed.

Key words: teachers education, art and psychology.

 

 

PART IV Intercultural dimensions of artistic education

 

 

1. CHORAL SINGING – A MEANS OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION /  Svetlana Postolachi / Senior Lecturer , State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti , Republic of  Moldavia 

 

Abstract: Music is communication through art, representing a means of rendering experiences and feelings, of sewerage of ideas to the others. The desire to communicate, to exchange views and opinions motivates students to work in a choral group. Intercultural communication involves intercultural exchanges focused on the contact with personalities from the sphere of arts: conductors, composers, musical performing . These contacts are able to enrich the repertoire of choral groups, which are designed to enhance the artistic factor. Choral singing is the connection between the art and social life and takes a shape in relation with social and emotional dimensions.

Key words: communication, choral singing, education.

 

2. ARTISTIC AND CULTURAL SENSITIZATION IN ADULT EDUCATION / Vangelis Karafillidis/ Pianist, Piano Diploma, Macedonian Conservatory, Composer, Composition Diploma, Music College,  Physicist, Physics Degree/ „Aristotle” University,  Piano Teacher/ State High Music School from Thessalonik of Greece

 

Abstract.: Adult Education has become one of the most prominent fields of the educational programs all over the world. Second Chance Schools constitute the predominant applied effort of many governments for supporting Lifelong Learning. Adults tend to have different necessities and heterogeneous capabilities in learning. Modern societies require continuously enriched and adaptive training, as well as multidimensional and broadly-based knowledge. Lifelong Learning enhances adults’ personal development, social inclusion and employability. Artistic and Cultural Sensitization plays an important role in Adult Education. This article tries to demonstrate the applied approaches in adult education on artistic and cultural sensitization as well as present the qualitative results and enhancements on adults’ personalities.

Key words: Lifelong Learning; Adult Education; Second Chance School; Culture; Art; Aesthetics; Aesthetics Education; Artistic Sensitization; Cultural Sensitization.

 

3. ATTRIBUTIONAL STYLE OF STUDENTS FROM ROMANIAN MIGRANT FAMILIES / Nicoleta Laura Popa / Lecturer PhD / Postdoctoral  Fellow Romanian Academy from Iasi Branch of Romania

 

Abstract: The present study focuses on explanatory style among students affected by parental or family migration. The sample includes ninety-two Romanian high-school students left behind by migrant parents, seventy-six migrant students schooled abroad and eighty-two from families with no migration history. The central variable of our study was investigated with an adapted version of Attributional Style Questionnaire (ASQ), and findings indicate some significant effects of parental or family migration on students’ attributions about school success and failure. Results and their implications are discussed against the available literature.

Key words: attributional style, migration, students left behind, migrant students.

 

PART V Art as a means for mediation and community actions

1. PREMISES OF DEVELOPING PUPILS MUSIC CULTURE IN THE CONDITIONS OF IMPROVING EXTRACURRICULAR MUSIC ENVIRONMENT /  Marina Cosumov/ Doctoral Candidate, State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia 

 

Abstract: The content of education in postmodernist society is a strategic resource of the human continuous development, in a space and time determined from the historical, cultural, social and economic points of view. The educational reform, based on curricular approach, involves radical reforms inclusively in the field of art education, being “an indispensable premise of forming an educated personality, with high moral and spiritual aspirations” [The Concept of Music Education]. The conceptual improvement of music extracurricular environment will promote the concern for the field of music education in order to assure an efficient continuity by pursuing an evolution and succession of the independent affirmation process from teleological perspective in self-correlation with the music environment existing everywhere.

Key words: continuous music education, extracurricular music environment, music context, independent music cognition.

 

2. TEACHERS WITH ARTISTIC SPECIALIZATIONS BETWEEN CULTURAL MEDIATION AND INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION / Eugenia Maria Pasca/ Associate Profesor PhD/ Department for Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of  Romania 

 

Abstract: Cultural mediation is a process that aims to restore the links between society and culture, between art and the public, between culture and populations. The role for cultural mediation is to create the conditions of a meeting, of an open dialogue. Cultural mediation represents the staging of the triad made of the public, the work and the mediator. The objectives of cultural mediation, the principles of cultural mediation, the profession of cultural mediator, are just a few of the, until now, undefined aspects by public policy, both educational and cultural, in Romania. What the teacher with artistic specializations needs to know and to accomplish in school, and from what perspective he can have a favourable and efficient intervention in the educational and communal space, these are some issues that we intend to analyze. In this sense it is necessary to adapt the content of the artistic university curriculum, because the educational and cultural policies of the nation must find ways to remain open to change of values in the context of a European integrated market and, at the same time, to sustain the wealth, the vitality and the diversity of one’s own culture. The crisis of the Romanian educational system is obvious and, although it proposes a real intercultural education in an intercultural school by initiatives and programs, it fails to be effective.

Key words: cultural mediation, public policy, intercultural school.

 

3. ANCIENT GREEK TRAGEDY AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL SOCIETY – FRAGMENTS OF THE LAST FIVE DECADES / Ioana Petcu/ Assistant PhD/“George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania 

 

Abstract:  How much influence, what poignancy and who much visibility is ancient Greek tragedy has in an era of advanced technologies, globalization and various forms of crisis? To what extent can be justifiable received in the confusing XX and XXI centuries the first playwrights whose name sounds like so far? And finally, if it exists, what is the place of an Aeschylus, Sophocles or Euripides in the mental performance of the multicultural society in which find ourselves? The many different approaches to ancient texts, traditional and experimental alike, from 60s until now, have shown that the worlds that seems to be at a great distance are close and vary alive still. Important names of Romanian or international directors brought in public attention, either probing the social area of making use of identity conflicts, texts from fifth and fourth century BC more or less complete, adding a personal feeling on these interpretations.

Key words: interference, interculturality, education, utilitarianism, tragedy, antiquity.

 

4. HOW TO READ THE LOUISE BOURGEOIS’ WORK FROM THE PERFORMATIVITY? / Eva Santos Sánchez-Guzmán/ Professor/ University from Murcia of Spain

 

Abstract: Performances by Louise Bourgeois are scarce yet, the story of her life related through her works and the relationship of the two, as described in the texts, will allow us an overview of her career as a highly subjective performing action. Through her work she gives names to her fears and traumas so to describe her work as autobiographical is to fall short of the meaning her creation. This approach would suppose a reflection through the example of Louise Bourgeois on the question: Is it the subjectivity of the artist which comes out or is represented in the performance or does the performance contribute to shape the artist’s subjectivity?. This I will do through commentary of four works-actions. Les Personages, which followed her from one place to another until finally going on show in the New York Peridot Gallery in 1949 and 50, are a reflection of her abandoning the family home and creating thereby what the psychoanalyst Donald Winnicott called, “transitional objects” pain order to develop her migratory grief.

        The Destruction of the Father, may be seen as a cathartic installation in which the self debates in a search for the psychic spaces in which to place her father (she would do the same with her mother in later works), a search for the structures which can house him, and entering “transitional spaces” where new objects are recreated and symbolic killings are played out, with the recognition of her self in her work: “I have no ego, I am my work”.  It is a symbolic killing of the enemy, for which she will later have to perform a ceremony of expiation and purification in the style of the rites laid out by Freud in Totem and taboo. We are talking here of the performance Banquet/A fashion show of Body Parts, in 1978, where faced with a similar scenario to that of The Destruction of the Father she invites a series of art critics to try on a latex suit of many bosems, thus mocking the patriarchal society.

        There are two possible readings of the great phallic work Fillette (1968-99): a criticism of phallocentrism or a representation of the failure of a mother’s power in the relationship with her father. A failure which she does not wish to repeat and so she dominates it by staging it. When the photographer Mapplethorpe  proposes taking her portrait she takes her penis with her , so converting herself into a phallic mother. Bourgeois’s work consciously poses the relationship of the self with the world, a world which goes beyond the world, a world which extends to the reflection of complex human relationships which finally structure our subjectivity.

Key words: performance, subjectivity, transitional objects, fetishist

 

 

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 3 Year: 2012

Volume 1 / Number 3 /  2012 

 

download3.jpg


PART I Comunication and information technologies in the field of artistic education

 

1. ABOUT AUDITIVE FACTOR IN MUSIC / Ion Gagim/Professor PhD/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti, Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract: The article, structured from two parts, scientific-theoretical and practical-applicative describes the auditive factor of music. The question isn’t about “ear for music”, about “musical perception” or about “listening to music” in a traditional treatment of the given concept. These questions have been investigated widely and it has been written much about their role in musical activity. The author suggests a broader approach to the subject: treating fundamental factor in the auditory sense and defining the art of music, under its general aspects of cultural, philosophical, spiritual, psychological and derived from them and together with them in terms of specific-musicology. In the second part of the article the author presents a possible technology of forming listening and hearing competence, of understanding of an abscons message and of a musical creation, based on the principle of „interiorization of music”, formulated and elaborated by the author. As a result of the listener’s conceptualization of the problem and the practical work of growing competence mentioned above, a "new" musical hearing is formed, a new vision about music and about personal relationship with it, a new understanding of what we understand of this enigmatic art, the ultimate goal is building according to its sublime laws. 

Key words: musical hearing, psychology of musical hearing, sound phylosophy, music Listener, music listening, phenomenology of music listening, principle of interiorization of music, music listening technology.

 

2. THE MECHANISM OF ARTISTIC COGNITION IN TEACHING MUSIC / Viorica Crisciuc / Lecturer Doctoral Candidate/ State University „Alecu Russo” from Balti , Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract : The mechanism of artistic knowledge is the main one in the  process of teaching music. Consisting of the traditional structural elements of general pedagogy and music pedagogy, on the basis of the perceptive-aperceptive biphasic concept, the elements of this mechanism are differently restructured during musical-didactic activities in relation to music knowledge levels.

Key words: mechanism of artistic cognition, perceptive phase, aperceptive phase, music knowledge, musical-didactic activities.

  

3. THE IMAGE AS FORM OF CREATION / Ecaterina Tosa / Lecturer PhD/ University of Arts and Design from Cluj Napoca of Romania

 

Abstract: The Image, as a source of communication is the materialization of cognitive experiences which organize the accumulated visual information and facilitate the valued aesthetic references. The Image, as well as a visual-mental scheme facilitates the understanding of the connexions between perceptual information and the reproduction. However, to recognize an artistic motif or another one doesn’t exactly mean to understand the message of the picture, wherein could have a significance related to both the context and receiver’s knowledge. Knowing the principles of discovery methods of the visual message, one could rise the question: „Does our interpretation match the author’s true intentions?”

Key words: The image in Art is a form of creation, study, discovery, knowledge and communication.

 

4. THE DIALOG PROVIDED BY THE PHISICAL EDUCATION BETWEEN ARTISTIC MAJORS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ARTS “GEORGE ENESCU” FROM IASI / Ana Cristina Lese/Lecturer PhD/“George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

 

Abstract: The stimulation of the psychophysical skills, practicing phyisical exercices in an organized setting has proved to be the antidote of the confused artistic expression, smothered by the avalanche of quotidian attitudes. Physical education mediates in our Institution by creating possibilities of physical races between students with different artistic majors, offering them the opportunity to know themselves in different situations.

 Key words:  psychomotric activity, physical exercices, creativity, art stimulation.

 

 

PART II Art pedagogy in comparative approaches

 

1. PEDAGOGICAL PRINCIPLES OF ITALIAN INSTRUMENTAL DIDACTICS / Alessandra Padula/ Professor,Conservatorio “G. Verdi” from Milan/Università degli Studi from L’Aquila of  Italy

 

Abstract:  Learning to play a musical instruments has relevant “strictly disciplinary” goals, as fluency, strength and independence of the fingers, correct phrasing, stylistically appropriate execution of ornaments, etc. However, pupils who play a musical instrument can also reach or optimize fundamental perceptive, cognitive, and motor capabilities. They can enhance their ability to join other pupils, raising self-esteem and self-control, and developing a sense of belonging. They can train memory, develop creativity, and enhance their own expressive and organizational capabilities. Moreover, in playing a musical instrument they can get key competences for lifelong learning, and get possession of a fundamental part of Europe’s rich cultural heritage.The paper outlines the courses offered by Italian public schools in the instrumental field, and cites the works of many Italian composers included in the syllabi of music schools and Conservatories. The pedagogical principles on which these pieces are based are related to the thought of some important pedagogues and psychologists, such as Pestalozzi, Montessori and Gardner.

Key words: music schools, musical instrument, cultural heritage, musical-didactic activities.

 

2. FORMATION OF INTERPRETATION COMPETENCE OF THE MUSICAL IMAGE AT MUSIC TEACHER / Lilia Granetkaia/ Senior Lecturer PhD/State University „Alecu Russo” from  Balti/ Republic of  Moldavia

 

Abstract:  There is a growing interest in the concept of “competence” in various areas of education, training and professional development. Competences are commonly assumed to represent more than the levels of knowledge and skills and to account for the effective application of available knowledge and skills in a specific context.  The article deals with one of the actual problems of musical education at university level – the formation of music teacher especially the formation of interpretative competence of musical image (CIIM).

Key words: interpretative analyses, competence of interpreting musical image, piano formation, artistic image, interpretative image, musical image.

 

3. THE HlSTORY OF MUSIC AND TEACHING IT IN THE UNIVERSITIES / Ramona Preja / Lecturer PhD, University of Arts from Targu-Mures of Romania

 

Abstrac: The solid and consistent study of the history of  music helps any practitioner to  understand the process of forming art and to know the stylistic peculiarities of each period and  the causes that led to its existence. Optimizing the educa?ional process in the current university teaching  system,  implies  that  the  teacher  has  to  be  familiar  with  the  epistemological characteristics of  the history of music and the teaching requirements (methodology, projective and actual accomplishments).

Key words : history, music, teacher, method, didactic.

 

4. IMPLICATIONS OF HEMISPHERICITY ON THE MUSICAL FIELD / Dorina Iusca/ Lecturer PhD /Department for Teachers Education „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iasi of Romania

 

Abstract:  Identifying the neuro-psychological aspects of music performance represents one of the biggest challenges addressed to the 21-st century researchers. The sensorial, perceptual, psycho-motrical, cognitive and socio-emotional complexity of music performance continues to impress neuroscientists who discover new information every day. The study approaches the concept of hemisphericity and discusses its implications on the professional activity of classical music performers.

Key words: hemisphericity, music performance, neuro-psychological factors

 

5. THE CONTRIBUTION OF ART TO THE ECOLOGICAL BUILDING UP OF THE PUPILS’ PERSONALITY / Viorica – Torii  Caciuc/ Assistant Doctoral Candidate/ Department for Teachers Education,  „Dunarea de Jos” University from Galati of  Romania

 

Abstract:  This work studies the reflection of ethical relations between the interests of human –beings and of non-human beings in art. It includes an artistic-pedagogical analysis of the inherent value of nature, emphasized by properties like the aesthetic, that of being natural beings  and on the same time the impact that  works of art have on the building up of the ecologic conscience and behaviour of the young generations. 

Key words: artistic works, ecological education, environment, ecological ethics, pupils.

 

 

select the Volume

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 2 Year: 2011


Volume 1 / number 2 / Year 2011


PART II ROMANIAN ARTISTIC EDUCATION - EUROPEAN ARTISTIC EDUCATION 1860-2010

 

1. ISSUES ON MUSIC THEORY TEACHING


Vangelis Karafillidis Pianist, Macedonian Conservatory, Thessaloniki Composer, Music College, Thessaloniki Physicist, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki Music Teacher, State High School, Greece


Abstract Music Theory constitutes a predominant and universal course for all music specializations. Harmony, Counterpoint, Solfège, Instrumentation and Form Analysis are just some of the “faces” of Music Theory. Most of the time, educators tend to approach these courses in a scientific (mechanistic) manner, trying to systemize musical knowledge. Although this way is quite successful, a severe side-effect appears; the educator constrains the development of imagination and aesthetic insight of the student. This article tries to demonstrate the necessity, the benefits and the side-effects of Music Theory courses as well as suggest alternative solutions or improvements for applied music theory teaching under the perspective of the student’s musical integration.


Keywords: Music Theory, Music Theory Teaching, Musical Integration

 

2. MULTIDIMENSIONAL ARTISTIC EDUCATION: THE MATHEMATICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MUSIC COMPOSITION. INDICATIVE ANALYSIS OF APPLICATIONS IN THE WORK JALONS BY IANNIS XENAKIS.


Professor PhD. Athanasios Trikoupis Department of Music Studies, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece


Abstract Iannis Xenakis, Romanian-born Greek composer and architect, has been established in the History of the Art of Modern Music for the application of mathematics to the solution of problems in Composition and Analysis in Music. By analyzing a work (Jalons) of Xenakis’ period of maturity (1986), this essay focuses on the sieve theory, which relates to the application of ordering structures in various sonic parameters. Analysis shows the high level of organization of sonic parameters, attained through the use of Calculus and vice versa, and proves the necessity of mathematics education for the understanding of artistic creation.


Keywords: Iannis Xenakis, Jalons, sieve theory

 

3.DMITRI KABALEVSKY AND MUSIC EDUCATION WITHIN THE CANON OF THE SOCIALIST MODEL IN THE SOVIET UNION28


Musicologist Alexandros Charkiolakis, MMus Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” Athens, Greece


Abstract The compositional output of the soviet Dmitri Kabalevsky (1904 – 1987) has been multilateral and quite important. However, whatever his position is today among other musical figures of the 20th century it mostly derives from his activity in the field of music education. Kabalevsky has been a stable and traditional devotee of socialist ideas till the end of his life. His avocation with music education within the scope of his ideological platform and also his efforts to incorporate his political views within a functional music education system had as a result the development of certain educational theories that have been extensively presented through his writings and speeches and collectively in a book titled Music and education: a composer writes about musical education that has been published by UNESCO a year after his death. The positions he held all his life within the infrastructure of the Soviet Union, with the capstone being his position as head of the Commission of Musical Aesthetic Education of Children in 1962, have designated him as the main speaker of the Soviet attitude on the subject of music education. The main goal of this paper will be, on the one hand to present the views of Dmitri Kabalevsky for music education within the frame of historical circumstances that prevailed at those times and, on the other hand to show the implications with ideological matters that were being presented variously in the Soviet Union at the time of the composer.


Keywords: music education, musician soviet, vocal repertory

 

4.THE DILEMMAS OF A TEACHER OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION REGARDING THE BOLOGNA SYSTEM AS APPLIED TO DRAMA SCHOOLS (HIGHER EDUCATION) IN ROMANIA


Lecturer PhD. Ana-Cristina Leşe, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iaşi, Romania


Abstract The broad field of Physical Education, also named Body training, emerged in the Ancient world; it originated in the discipline Physical Education (Body training / Bodily education) which addresses every human being by offering them the means (physical exercises) that are needed for a normal healthy physical development of the human personality and its creativity. In their professional training, the students in Drama benefit from Physical education means such as: Physical training / development; acrobatics; gymnastics; sport branches.


Keywords: body training, actor, physical education, stage movement

 

 

5.SPECIFIC FEATURES OF EARLY CHRISTIAN STATUARY IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE


Lecturer drd. Ioana - Iulia Olaru, “George Enescu” University of Arts , Iaşi, Romania


Abstract Compared with the naturalism of classical Roman portraiture, Late Antiquity brings initially the need to restore inner feelings, but this transformation will be immediately followed by the geometrized style of the age of Constantine the Great that will predict the schematization of the end of Late Antiquity: Paleo-Christianity, with spiritualization and lack of individualization and then even the abstraction would characterize now the whole iconography.


Keywords: statuary, schematic, Late Antiquity, Christianity

 

 

6. ENTREPRENEURSHIP CULTURE IN THE ROUMANIAN UNIVERSITY


Assistant Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi, Department fot Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania


Abstract The study aims to identify and to ground the policy alternatives for adapting the tertiary education in general and art education in Iasi especially to a competitive educational market. The directions of analysis are: identifying action strategies for forming an entrepreneurial attitude in higher education institutions, identifying EU action directions on entrepreneurship education, identifying strategies aimed to adapt higher art education in Iasi to the entrepreneurial paradigm. Government strategies were analyzed, documents produced by the European Commission expert groups, assessment reports and statistics produced by the University of Arts "G. Enescu”, Iasi, attitude and opinion questionnaires were applied. The higher education institutions need to adapt to changes in the economic and social environment and to train individuals able to evolve in a competitive economy. The lack of collaboration between universities and the local community determine the incapacity of the university to report themselves to the unemployment rate or to the labour market demands. The limits of the analysis derive from the limited access to concrete information related to art education. Therefore the analysis and the proposed strategies will result in being customized by reference to reality in Iasi, without being able to complete a meaningful conclusion for all Romanian artistic education.


Keywords: entrepreneurial university, educational policies, student employability

 

 

7. CHANGING SKILLS AND EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES IN THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY


Associate Professor PhD. Simona Marin, Postdoctoral Grant Recipient Romanian Academy, Iași Branch, Romania (This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU ID 56815).

 

Abstract Educators are faced once again with a daunting challenge: this timeit is to equip students with 21st century skills. Critics oppose the idea on the grounds that emphasizing skills such as critical thinking and problem solving will erode the teaching of important content, including history and literature. Both knowledge and skills are needed, and they are interdependent. No generation can escape the responsibility of deciding what student should learn by analyzing what adults are called upon to do.


Keywords: skills and educational strategies, knowledge based society, global learning

 

 

PART III CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL AND ARTISTIC COOPERATION AND DIALOG IN MULTIETHNIC SPACES:TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES

 

1. MUSIC AND IMAGE IN DIALOGUE:

 

AUDIOVISUAL MEDIA AS MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION


Nick Poulakis Laboratory of Ethnomusicology and Cultural Anthropology, Department of Music Studies, University of Athens, Greece


Abstract Audiovisual mass media –especially television and cinema– dominate the contemporary socio-cultural milieu. Their diversity could operate as a creative dynamic in current multicultural educative context. This paper focuses on some theoretical as well as methodological issues concerning the way that analyzing popular films could establish cultural awareness and multi-vocality in the classroom. Both music and image mediascapes provide multi-ethnic echoes and visions of local and global reality that engage children in critical dialogue and self-reflection.


Keywords music, image, audiovisual media, multicultural education

 

 

2. SOME ASPECTS OF INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION (THROUGH STUDYING RELIGIOUS MUSIC) IN MULTIETNIC SPACES

 

Associate Professor PhD. Larisa Balaban, Academy of Music, Theatre and Arts, Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia, Associate Professor PhD. Adelina Ștefârță, Academy of Music, Theatre and Arts, Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia


Abstract Article is devoted to one of the most important works of the Moldavian religious music for chorus which has became one of the first achievements in evolution of the genre and which has influenced the development of Moldovan spiritual choral works in Moldova in XXth century.


Keywords: intercultural education, religious music, multiethnic spaces

 

 

3. CULTURAL - EDUCATIONAL SYLLOGISM

 

Professor PhD. Claudia Pop “Transilvania” University, Brașov, Romania

 

Abstract In this first part of the study we will deal with the overwhelming influence of the psyche on the success of a young artist, about the importance of understanding the mission of a vocal pedagogue in the life and in the career of a young artist, and will continue on various occasions to answer the question: which of the two is more important: the culture or the education?


Keywords: vocal education, pedagogue – psychotherapist

 

4. ANSELM KIEFER QUESTIONING THE IDENTITY

 

Lecturer PhD Codrina-Laura Ioniță “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania

 

 Abstract In a good tradition of German expressionism, the artist Anselm Kiefer in his art continues the interrogations both over his own ego and regarding his membership on a specific nation as well. Through his art, Anselm Kiefer testified that he tried to comprehend himself and to understand his relationship to his own nation, the German. This self-scanning starts from the understanding of the key moments of Germanic history which build the warrior and chivalrous spirit of the nation. Medieval myths and legends are a first moment in our understanding of this ethnic structure, followed by experimenting some gestures belonging to the recent history, where nationalism calls into question how the German nation is related to other nations. Anselm Kiefer’s art is revealed as an awareness and understanding of being a nation.

 

 Keywords: Anselm Kiefer, German expressionism, art, moments of Germanic history

Review of Artistic Education. Number: 1 Year: 2011


Volume 1 / Number 1 /  Year 2011


download3.jpg


PART I ARTISTIC TOOLS IN EDUCATION

 

 

1. EDUCATION FOR ART OR EDUCATION VIA ART / AESTHETIC LEARNING


Associate professor PhD.Børge Pugholm, VIA University College, Viborg, Denmark

 

Abstract The presentation is about art and the aesthetic cognition. Art is not an aim in it self, but children and young people must in their upbringing and education meet the artistic activity form. The aesthetic process will be examined from impression to expression, where analysis, communication and technology are tools in this process. Animation films produced during the international module "animation as a learning tool" will also be included in the presentation. There will also be shown pictures where art and philosophy are closely linked. Questions in these categories will come up: • Metaphysical questions: The questions that Exceed our natural world: Does God and angels exist? Is there a life after death ... • Ethical issues: How should we treat each other, animals, nature? Revenge or forgiveness?..... • Existential questions: Who am I? And how do I understand myself, my surroundings and other people? The workshop is based on different Danish artistic works. These works are processed and formed into an independent expression.


Keywords: education for art, education in art, aesthetic learning

 

 

2. INSTRUMENTS – THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN EARLY CHILDHOOD MUSIC EDUCATION AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC TRAINING

 

 

Mag. (FH) MMag. Professor Regina Himmelbauer, Joseph Haydn Conservatoire, Austria

 

Abstract Summing up, a form of Instrumentaler Orientierungsunterricht (“instrumental orientation class”, as it was called by Franz-Michael Deimling when he founded this course at the music school Plön in 1983) or Instrumentenkarussell (“carousel of instruments”, which seems to be the more common name nowadays) is indeed the missing link between early childhood music education and instrumental music training. A look at the internet shows that more and more music schools in the German-speaking countries are offering related courses, but this growing demand is not yet reflected in the curricula of future instrumental teachers. Therefore a survey about the various forms of these courses, their claims and standards, their impact on children’s future music training would be helpful. A variety of further teaching aids with distinct aims should reflect those differentiated needs; the teachers who practice these concepts should be encouraged to publish their ideas, experiences, and materials. And last but not least, these courses should be established as part of musical training in the important first phase of music education.


Keywords: music education, instrumental music training, instrumentenkarussell

 

 

3. THE ROLE OF THE EXTRACURRICULAR MUSICAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FORMAL AND NON- FORMAL EDUCATION, AS AN INTERCULTURAL MEDIATION ALTERNATIVE


Professor PhD. Eugenia Maria Pașca, Department for Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania


Abstract The work proposes to present the specific of the musical didactic step’s organisation in the formal and non-formal education, considerations and new suggestions regarding the types of groups and approached repertoires. The insufficient orientation of the programs for the musical education has generated this analyses and solutions for a new atomization of the musical – artistic education both in school and in children’s clubs, as an alternative for the extracurricular musical activities, with the purpose of intercultural mediation for all curricular cycles of the Romanian education in the formal and non-formal system. It is a real need to know and use the required techniques of projection, teaching, learning and evaluation of the didactic activities, as all to operate with contemporary methods and techniques. A new more flexible musical educational model may allow quick and mobile adaption to the contemporary reality from methodological and conceptual point of view, leading to the extension and the deepening of the connexions among different vocal-expression, instrumental and vocal-instrumental modalities, assuring multiple formative-instructive valences. It is necessary to retain the fact that through vocal and instrumental singing performed during the musical activities, children concurrently balance and relax, these having a therapeutic effect too. The musical education realization’s specific consists in the fact that uses specific creations, songs (vocal or instrumental), which are the main means of familiarizing children with the musical language, musical games that represent the most complex form of children’s artistic education. In the beginning, under the form of a game and then under the form of a lesson, the musical education brings only benefits, joy and enthusiasm in children’s souls, no matter the parallel or the meridian they live in, the affiliation to an ethnic group.


Keywords: intercultural education, extracurricular music education

 

 

4. SYNCRETISM IN ART – A PRACTICAL EXCERCISE IN THE ROMANIAN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM


Prof. gr. did. I Ana Hălmăgean – violine Prof. gr. did. II Carmen Crăciun – piano Prof. gr. did. I Dorina Trandafir – literature Prof. Steinhubel Zoltan – fine arts „Sabin Drăgoi” High School of Arts, Arad, Romania


Abstract - Pro argument for the artistic vocational education. - Cultural motive for the realization of a syncretic artistic activity with high school students - Purpose of the project: exchange of information and impressions between representatives of different artistic domains, as well as the formation of a common group consciousness between the students from different departments of the same school - Project development and finite products: preparing and finalizing the artistic products made within the framework of the project by the students from the different departments: instrumental concert, thematic exhibition (figurative object, literary circle and theatrical expression).


Keywords: project educational, syncretism in art , artistic vocational education

 

 

5. THE ART OF ENGRAVING IN MEDIEVAL MOLDAVIA AND ARTISTIC EDUCATION


Lecturer drd. Iarîna Saviţkaia, The Academy of Music, Theatre and Fine Arts, Chişinău, Republic of Moldavia


Abstract The moldavian engraving art had a special influence over the developing of printing and other domains of plastique arts. Known through the illustrations at Varlaam's "Cazania" (1643), the wood engraving gets new dimentions in creation of M Strilbitchi (sec.XVIII) and reaches the acme of its development in the XIX century due to the masters from Neamt Monastery- Simion, Ghervasie, Teodosie, Iosif and Damian. Their illustrations made in xylographie (woodcut technique) influenced printing area and stimulated the occurrence of a new domain in medieval arts like icon- engraving, which influenced the style and decoration of painted icons. Keywords: art of engraving, medieval art, artistic education

 

 

6. THE ECONOMIC EDUCATION AND THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION, A POSSIBLE INTERDISCIPLINARY MODEL


Masterand Georgeta Puștiu, Department for Teachers Education, ,,Ştefan cel Mare” University , Suceava, Romania


Abstract The relation between economic education and artistic education implies an interdisciplinary approach in terms of the conceptual-theoretical understanding of the informational contents specific to a paradigmatic reality. Thus the structural-functional dimension of the interdisciplinarity reflects a communication based, on one hand, on the improvement of the knowledge process and on the other hand on different levels of understanding. Furthermore, a conceptual-methodological transfer from one level to another is possible within such an educational model. In this respect there are obvious explanatory- normative dimensions which generate aspects of pragmatic nature meant to justify the necessity of the interdisciplinary information.Therefore the connection between the two types of education validates the professional methods which support the quality of the educational approach.


Keywords:interdisciplinary information, economic purpose, pragmatic education, managerial evaluation, relational competence

 

 

7. VALUE REFERENCES IN THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION


Lecturer PhD. Marius-Costel Eşi Department for Teachers Education, ,,Ştefan cel Mare” University , Suceava, Romania


Abstract The naturalness and spontaneity express different manifestations of the artistic spirit. Such an assumption legitimizes at the social level the existence of the fundamental modalities specific to the formation-promotion activity of the actors involved in such an approach. In these circumstances, the dynamics of axiological structures generates situational contexts appropriate to some increasingly diversified psychosocial requirements. Therefore, an information valuation at the level of an epistemic methodology involves a series of purposes which refer rather to educational reassessments.


Keywords: axiological structures, informational valuation, educational strategy, educational reality

 

 

8. THE INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY- THE ARTS EDUCATION AND NEW INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES


Assistant drd. Carmen Alexandrache Department for Teachers Education, „Dunărea de Jos” University , Galaţi, Romania


Abstract The information technology becomes useful for achievement to arts education, because it is the working cyberspace, the support work, making possible the expression of imagination, thinking, rethinking and the artistic design, detailed and diverse information, the practice artistic skills, the encouraging creativity, the space for learning, the space for reflection and personal expression and the space and the means of promoting - organizing events which exploit the artistic products (conference, competitions, exhibits). In fact, the advantages are more numerous. Therefore, this disciplinary cooperation can be traced from different perspectives, but starting from the contribution of new technologies to the formation of art education.


Keywords: arts education, new information, communication technologies

 

 

9. REFLECTIONS OF THE ECOLOGICAL ETHICS IN ART


Lecturer drd. Viorica – Torii Caciuc, Department for Teachers Education, “Dunărea de Jos” University, Galaţi, Romania


Abstract The present paper focuses on the reflections of the ethical relations between the interests of human beings and those of the non-human beings in art. It will include an artistic-philosophical analysis of the inherent value of nature as it is emphasized by the aesthetic characteristics of naturalness, etc. and, at the same time, it will follow the impact that literature has on the moulding of the ecological conscience and behaviour of the young generations.


Keywords: ethics in art, ethical relations

 

 

10. BRAIN PLASTICITY AS A CONSEQUENCE OF MUSICAL EDUCATION


Lecturer drd. Dorina Iuşcă Department for Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania


Abstract The human brain is capable of astonishing changes of structure, as a result of learning and experience. The concept of brain plasticity defines an adjustment of sensory and motor system to environmental stimulus and requirements, therefore some brain structures compensate for other cerebral parts. Music training constitutes an intense, multisensory and motric experience, that offers the ideal opportunity to study the plasticity of the developing brain, phenomenon seen as a neuronal adaptation to performing long term, complex tasks related to music education.


Keywords: brain plasticity, instrumental music training, corpus callosum, cerebellum, planum temporale