Journal Code: Review of Artistic Education - 10540
Issue Information: DOI: 105151/rae-2016-0001-0035
Volume 1 / number 11 / Year 2016
Cover Date (month and year): 03.2016
PART I - MUISC
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 01_paper.pdf
1. Title: SPIRITUALITY OF MUSIC AS A FACTOR OF (SELF) INSTRUCTION AND OF (SELF) EDUCATION OF PERSONALITY
Author(s): Ion Gagim
Affiliation(s): Professor PhD Hab. /„Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The impetus for writing this article was the desire to “get to the bottom”, to “disentangle the essence” of what music education in terms of exploring the depth, the sacred sense of the relationship “man-music”, of the aspiration to examine this issue with the teacher's eyes - for all questions and all answers received contribute to the improvement of so-called education through music. In this article, the author expresses his position that, music education, by its essence, is far from the design made before, but in fact - far from the goal officially proclaimed. The music itself, as one of the most mysterious phenomena of this world. Its knowledge, its understanding, the assimilation and absorption of the cosmic and divine substance at the level of personal experience - this is music education in its highest sense. We consider them universal by nature and extent of aspects and levels of the spiritual, existential life of man in its deep forms. The author examines the experience acquired as a self-instruction (professionally) and self-education (personally) practice throughout life, in one of the highest areas of the human mind - in music. He had the chance to work especially in the field of music. He had the chance to experience music especially and he was able to devote his “self” to it.
Key words: further education, music education / training, musical culture, spiritual culture, perception of music as music, internalisation of music, state of music, music as above all arts
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 02_paper.pdf
2. Title: SOME ASPECTS OF DEVELOPING MUSICAL THINKING IN THE TRAINING OF MUSICAL STUDENT
Author(s): Margarita Tetelea / Anna Glebov
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / Lecturer PhD /„Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: This article examines various approaches and methods used to develop musical thinking in students. It also reveals some of the principles, developed by a number of scientists to facilitate the process. One of the new principles of developing musical thinking is internalization of music, proposed by the Moldovan professor and musicologist Ion Gagim, who in his works justifies its use from the philosophical, musicological, psychological and pedagogical perspectives.
Key words: musical thinking, internalization of music, principles, methods, pedagogy of hearing
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 03_paper.pdf
3. Title: THE FIELDS OF ARTS THE GENERAL EDUCATION SYSTEM THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA
Author(s): Marina Morari
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The general education system identifies two approaches for encompassing arts: through the curricular field and through the extracurricular and extra-scholastic aesthetic education. The fields of arts are assigning a sector, an area of activity, a branch or a compartment. In the general education system, the fields of art have been differently formed. As a school subject, art is being studied through literature, music and fine arts. Some of them are not included in the educational plan (theatre, choreography). The statute of arts (literature, music, fine arts) in the educational system is outlined from two perspectives: art as a school subject and art as an artistic activity. The area of art shall not be reduced to a school subject or a type of arts. The artistic education in the educational system corresponds to the aesthetic education compartment and it happens in the extracurricular and extra-scholastic educational framework. According to the classic, traditional theory, the aesthetic education often is reduced to the level of artistic education. An efficient perspective in capitalizing the fields of art through education may be the extension of the artistic education borders outside the aesthetic values, by extra-aesthetic values – behavioral, moral, spiritual, social etc.
Key words: the general education system, the fields of art, artistic education, aesthetic education, the curricular field Arts
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 04_paper.pdf
4. Title: PASSION IN THE WORK OF JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH
Author(s): Karol Medňanský
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / “Prešov University” from Prešov, Slovak Republic
Abstract: Passions are exceptionally important in the works of Johann Sebastian Bach. His passion compositions are based particularly on Luther´s reformation, chiefly on developmental tendency which is based on the works of Johann Walter, Hans Leo Hassler and Michael Praetorius. The most significant forerunner of J. S. Bach was Heinrich Schütz. J. S. Bach´s textual aspect is aimed at the model of passion oratorio the main representative of which was a librettist Heinrich Brockes who worked in Hamburg. The interesting fact is that before the arrival of J. S. Bach, in 1723, there was no long tradition of passions in Leipzig. They were performed there in 1721 for the first time. J. S. Bach is demonstrably the author of the two passions: St Matthew Passion BWV 244 and St John Passion BWV 245. The authorship of Johann Sebastian Bach in St. Lukas Passion BWV 246 is strongly called into question and from St Mark Passion BWV 24 only the text was preserved.
Key words: passion, reformation, passion oratorio, heritage, tradition
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 05_paper.pdf
5. Title: DIDACTIC STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL MUSICAL HEARING
Author(s): Luminița Duțică
Affiliation(s): Associated Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: This study suggests an incursion into the issue of the development of professional musical hearing, which is divided into three major sections. Starting from the general to the particular, this approach starts with defining the field of reference - musical hearing, seen as a prerequisite in the training of future artists. Closely related to the curricula and textbooks from the pre-university vocational education, the subject Music Theory - Solfeggio - Dictation holds the conceptual and pragmatic frame on the basis of which we offered different solutions for the development of musical hearing. In this respect, I focused my research on the following typologies: melodic, polyphonic, harmonic, dynamic, timbral, with particular reference to the formation of internal hearing and sense of rhythm.
Key words: musical hearing, native predispositions, syllabus, Music Theory, didactic strategies
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 06_paper.pdf
6. Title: BRIEF HISTORY OF FIXED DO SOLMIZATION IN JAPAN
Author(s): Tomoko Siromoto
Affiliation(s): Honorary Research Associate PhD / UCL Institute of Education London, United Kingdom
Abstract: The Fixed DO solmization system which is used mainly in Latin language countries and the former USSR, was introduced to Japan by pianist Kiyohide Sonoda in the 1930s. The effectiveness was soon recognised in the out-school music education setting but the school music curriculum continued to use the Movable DO as the compulsory solmization system. Within a half century, however, Fixed DO naturally developed and not only pupils but teachers who had been taught in Fixed DO in their childhood became comfortable teaching and learning in Fixed DO. Subsequently, Movable DO in school textbooks has become very limited.
Key words: fixed DO solmization, music education in Japan, solfege, Kiyohide Sonoda
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 07_paper.pdf
7. Title: A MODEL of INTEGRALITY of MUSICAL and TEACHING ACTIVITIES at the LESSON of MUSICAL EDUCATION
Author(s): Marina Caliga
Affiliation(s): Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate / „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: In this article the author investigates and applies accumulated experience in music education through the methodological integrality of musical didactic activities at musical education lesson. In this regard, musical didactic activities are not only pedagogical acts of transmission of musical knowledge, but their mission is the living of sound messages, the discovery of self through art and student integration through musical didactic activities. Integrating through musical didactic activities,students discover, create, analyze, summarize, compare, apply, reflect, operating various mechanisms of musical didactic activities, becoming not only the receiver, but also the subject of musical works.
Key words: musical eduaction lesson, musical didactic activities, integrality, methodological example
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 08_paper.pdf
8. Title: FROM THALES TO BERIO: WATER AS A COMMON THEME OF PHILOSOPHY, PHYSICS, AND MUSIC
Author(s): Rossella Marisi
Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate, Italy / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: Listening to a music piece may trigger memories, give origin to reflections about the physical state of matter, and retrace the development of ancient philosophical thought. This article proposes an interdisciplinary path of active learning - encompassing music education, philosophy, biology, physics, and psychology - which can be realized, choosing an appropriate approach, in both primary and secondary schools.
Key words: Berio, Debussy, interdisciplinary project, Liszt, Ravel, water
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 09_paper.pdf
9. Title: THE CONCEPT OF NATURE AND ITS APPLICATIONS IN THE LEGAL, MUSICAL AND EDUCATIONAL FIELDS
Author(s): Flavia Marisi
Affiliation(s): Doctoral Candidate, Ghent University from Ghent of Belgium
Abstract: The concept of nature changed over time, modifying the relationship between nature and man: in some cultures man and nature are considered as deeply connected, in others definitely separated. The leading ideas about nature are reflected in work pertaining to the legal, musical and educational fields. This study provides insights into these issues, trying to highlight specific analogies which connect the concept of nature and its application in the cited fields.
Key words: aesthetic experience, anthropocentrism, consonant musical intervals, natural law, Notre Dame Law School, play
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 10_paper.pdf
10. Title: STRATEGIC DIMENSIONS OF PERMANENT MUSICAL EDUCATION AS A PART OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY’S MUSICAL CULTURE
Author(s): Marina Cosumov
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: Education is a sustainable human development strategic resource in postmodern society, being historically, culturally, socially, economically placed in time and space. The educational reform, based on curricular approach, involves radical changes in musical and artistic education, and this is "a precondition for the formation of an intelligent personality, with high moral and spiritual aspirations" . The valuation of the arts products will foster musical artistic scope concern and it will ensure continuity in connection with art of music.
Key words: permanent musical and artistic education, musical values, independent musical and artistic knowledge
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 11_paper.pdf
11. Title: TRADITIONAL AND INNOVATIVE METHODS IN APPROACHING MUSIC STYLES. PEDAGOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
Author(s): Loredana Viorica Iațeșen
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: The approach to music styles entails an in-depth musicological analysis aimed at synthesizing numerous bibliographical sources belonging to different fields and directions of research. A chronological overview of studies (Jean Molino, Fait musical et sémiologie de la musique, 1975; Jean Jaques Nattiez, Quelques reflexions du style, 1993; R. J. Pascall, Style, in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1994; Jean Jaques Nattiez, La musique de l’avenir, in Musique. Une Encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2003; Mario Baroni, Stil şi mutaţii stilistice în tradiţia muzicală europeană, in Musique Une encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2006) and of universal (Leonard Meyer, Explaining Music, 1973; Charles Rosen, Le style classique: Haydn. Mozart, Beethoven, 1978; Leonard B. Meyer, Style and Music. Theory, History and Ideology, 1989; and Romanian specialised literature (Cornel Ţăranu, Elemente de stilistică muzicală (sec. XX), 1981; Edgar Papu, Despre stiluri, 1986; Valentina Sandu-Dediu, Alegeri Atitudini Afecte, 2010; Vasile Iliuţ, O carte a stilurilor muzicale, 2011; Valentin Timaru, Stilistică muzicală, 2014) from the late 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, reveal the different and, more often than not, contrasting views of historians, analysts, aestheticians, philosophers, scholars and educators, starting from the meaning of the very idea of style, to the reception of this phenomenon in contemporaneity. On these grounds, this study proposes a systematization of the most relevant landmarks in documentation to date, for the purpose of applying them from a didactic perspective.
Key words: history, style, genre, language, message
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 12_paper.pdf
12. Title: COLLABORATIVE LEARNING – A POSSIBLE APPROACH OF LEARNING IN THE DISCIPLINE OF STUDY MUSICAL ANALYSIS
Author(s): Gabriela Vlahopol
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania
Abstract: Abstract: The musician’s typology is anchored, according to the traditional perception, within the limits of an individualistic image, which searches, develops and affirms its creativity following an individual training process. The collaborative learning is one of the educational patterns less used in the artistic education, being limited to several disciplines whose specificity requires appurtenance to a study group (for instance chamber training, orchestra). The method’s application to the theoretical disciplines often encounters reserves both on part of the teachers and the students as well, because of the efforts required for its design and implementation. The study herein offers a possible approach of collaborative learning within the course of study Musical Analysis, pleading for the need of the social component development of the learning activities of the instrumental performer student, by his involvement within a study group.
Key words: creativity, cooperation, group study, music analysis
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 13_paper.pdf
13. Title: ENHANCING MUSIC LISTENING IN EDUCATIONAL CONTEXT
Author(s): Dorina Geta Iușcă
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania
Abstract: A growing body of research has shown the importance of music listening in psychological frameworks such as the construction of emotional and social identity. Nonetheless, the educational implications of this activity involve the way students use music listening for cultural development, cognitive processing and aesthetic reaction enhancement. The present study aims to review the relevant literature regarding how musical preference, a concept used mainly in music psychology, may be explored in educational contexts. Zajong’s (1968) theory of repeated exposure indicates that mere exposure to a stimulus is enough to create a favorable attitude towards it. This study investigates the experimental researches focused on the conditions where repeated exposure to academic music may generate the development of musical preference.
Key words: music listening, musical preference, repeated exposure
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 14_paper.pdf
14. Title: DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF MUSIC EDUCATION IN IAŞI: AN OVERVIEW AFTER 155 YEARS
Author(s): Laura Otilia Vasiliu
Affiliation(s): Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania
Abstract: Over a century and a half after the establishment of the first state educational institution dedicated to music in Iaşi – the School of Music and Declamation (1860) – the distinctive features of music education and the social and cultural phenomena involved can be perceived and analyzed. This study provides arguments to support the following features: 1. the openness to assimilate a variety of pedagogic and cultural influences, both from Europe and from Romania; 2. the role played by leading personalities, musicians – professors, in rising performance levels and in perpetuating the project; 3. valorizing Romanian music traditions - liturgical songs of Byzantine origin and regional folklore - through education (specializations, courses, creative activities and music performance); 4. the constant involvement of music education in concerts and musical performances in Iaşi.
Key words: Music education; Iaşi; pedagogical influences; Romanian musical traditions; musicians of Iaşi
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 15_paper.pdf
15. Title: ANTONIN CIOLAN – THE TEACHER, THE FOUNDER OF ORCHESTRAS, THE MASTER CONDUCTOR
Author(s): Alex Vasiliu
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD / „George Enescu” University of Arts from Iași of Romania
Abstract: The founder of a conducting style, who organised orchestras in two important musical centres in Romania (Iaşi and Cluj), "the partriarch of conductors", respected and praised by George Enescu, Sergiu Celibidache or Erich Bergel, was a multilateral personality of exceptional merits as a teacher of orchestra, orchestra conducting, harmony and counterpoint; having founded several prestigious religious choral ensembles, organised and led musical teaching and concert institutes, Antonin Ciolan deserves to be brought to the awareness of more recent generations of researchers and audiences, as his historic achievements indicate.
Key words: musicians of Iaşi; conductor; Antonin Ciolan; George Enescu; Conservatoire
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 16_paper.pdf
PART II DRAMA AND CHOREOGRAPHY
1. Title: IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN LIVING ARRANGEMENTS ARTIST
Author(s): Ana-Cristina Leşe
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD / “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: Increased occurrence of spine deviation is the result not only of modern technology hazards (for example, sitting in front of the computer for long hours) or lack of physical exercise, but also of specific posture related to the study of a musical instrument. The aim of this paper is the timely warning of children who choose to study a musical instrument about the spine deviations that can occur in time, also to refer them to a specialist and to encourage them to take up exercises meant to tone specific muscle groups. The study was conducted on two groups of students from the department of Musical interpretations, 1st and 2nd year, and two groups of students from the department of Painting and Photography and video, 1st year, at the “George Enescu” Arts University of Iaşi. The school screening method was used with the help of four MA students at the department of Kineto-therapy. The data were tabulated. We recommended that subjects be referred to specialised examinaton by doctors at the Pediatric Orthopedics clinic and have special sets of physical exercises.
Key words: musical instrument, diseases of the spine, scoliosis, kyphosis, anamnesis
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 17_paper.pdf
2. Title: GESTALTDRAMA AS AN INTEGRATIVE PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC APPROACH
Author(s): Martin Dominik Polínek
Affiliation(s): Assistant Ph.D., “Palacky University“ from Olomouc of Czech Republic
Abstract: The following text is an overview study which defines the basic phenomena and effective factors of Gestalt drama and outlines some of the researches carried out in this area by the author during recent years. Gestalt drama is the name of a specific psychotherapeutic approach applied by the author in his practice, which combines Gestalt therapy with expressive approaches (especially with dramatherapy, theatrotherapy and fairytale-therapy). Linking Gestalt therapy and expressive techniques results in a specific psychotherapeutic approach whose versatility and holistic conception makes it suitable not only for psychotherapy but also for self-development of people with special needs, as it has the potential to meet the higher psychological needs even when the lower needs are not sufficiently saturated. The article further presents the interpretation of the partial results of research focusing on the analysis of integration performance where gestaltdrama techniques have been applied. These performances resulted from one-day dramatherapy workshops with clients suffering from mental retardation and with clients with behavioural disorders. This includes the analysis of differences between dramatical expression within the above target groups.
Key words: Gestaltdrama, specific research, dramatherapy, theatrotherapy, fairytale-therapy, Gestalt therapy, basic psychological needs, integration performance
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 18_paper.pdf
3. Title: SPECIFICS OF IMPLEMENTATION FORUM THEATRE for people with mild and moderate mental retardation
Author(s): Zdeňka Kozáková
Affiliation(s): Assistant Professor Ph.D.,“Palacky University“ from Olomouc of Czech Republic
Abstract: The paper presents an empirical study in the area of implementation theatre forum for people with mild and moderate mental retardation in an environment of sheltered housing. Forum Theatre already takes place in primary schools, in orphanages, in the Roma community and so on. There is a lack of experience and research studies with the target group of people with intellectual disabilities. The present research was carried out in several phases over a period of one year. The main objective was to determine whether it is possible to use forum theatre techniques and subjects with mild to moderate mental retardation - whether this target group will be able to process the theatre forum to engage, understand the meaning and function of these techniques and that these techniques can be used as an alternative remedy to solve the problem and conflict situations. The research sample consisted of 11 adult clients of sheltered housing with mild to moderate mental retardation and 11 members of the realization team of the forum theatre (7 Actors and 4 employees in direct care in sheltered housing). Used qualitative research methods were focus groups (always followed the realization of the theatre workshop forum), participant observation and quantitative method was a questionnaire. Research has brought new insights and information.
Key words: theatre forum, forum theatre project, mental disability, sheltered housing
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10540 / 11-12 / 2016 / 19_paper.pdf
4. Title: EVALUATION OF PROGRAMMES IN PSYCHOMOTOR THERAPY
Author(s): Zuzana Fábry Lucká / Ivana Lištiaková
Affiliation(s): Mgr. PhD. / Mgr. PhD. / Comenius University of Bratislava from Slovak Republic
Abstract: Psychomotoriktherapie orientiert sich an einem Pädagogischen-therapeutischen Konzept der Entwicklungsförderung. Sie Sich mit den befasst Wechselwirkungen Zwischen Wahrnehmen, Fühlen, Denken , Bewegen und verhalten , Eulen Deren körperlichem Ausdruck .Dieser Bericht bietet einen Überblick über die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse Psychomotorische Therapie, welche ergänzende Komponenten dieser Programme können auf eine Verbesserung des emotionalen Wohlbefindens. Die Autorinnen realisiert die Bewertung der Psychomotorische Therapie-Programme im Hinblick auf die psychomotorische Komponenten (neuromotorik, senzomotorik, psychomotorik und sociomotorik). Die Ergebnisse zeigten, Unterschiede zwischen verschiedenen Programmen je nach S
Key words: Schlüsselbegriffe: Psychomotorische Therapie, Bewegung, Psychomotorik, Heilpädagogik