Volume 1 / Number 1 / Year 2011
PART I ARTISTIC TOOLS IN EDUCATION
1. EDUCATION FOR ART OR EDUCATION VIA ART / AESTHETIC LEARNING
Associate professor PhD.Børge Pugholm, VIA University College, Viborg, Denmark
Abstract The presentation is about art and the aesthetic cognition. Art is not an aim in it self, but children and young people must in their upbringing and education meet the artistic activity form. The aesthetic process will be examined from impression to expression, where analysis, communication and technology are tools in this process. Animation films produced during the international module "animation as a learning tool" will also be included in the presentation. There will also be shown pictures where art and philosophy are closely linked. Questions in these categories will come up: • Metaphysical questions: The questions that Exceed our natural world: Does God and angels exist? Is there a life after death ... • Ethical issues: How should we treat each other, animals, nature? Revenge or forgiveness?..... • Existential questions: Who am I? And how do I understand myself, my surroundings and other people? The workshop is based on different Danish artistic works. These works are processed and formed into an independent expression.
Keywords: education for art, education in art, aesthetic learning
2. INSTRUMENTS – THE MISSING LINK BETWEEN EARLY CHILDHOOD MUSIC EDUCATION AND INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC TRAINING
Mag. (FH) MMag. Professor Regina Himmelbauer, Joseph Haydn Conservatoire, Austria
Abstract Summing up, a form of Instrumentaler Orientierungsunterricht (“instrumental orientation class”, as it was called by Franz-Michael Deimling when he founded this course at the music school Plön in 1983) or Instrumentenkarussell (“carousel of instruments”, which seems to be the more common name nowadays) is indeed the missing link between early childhood music education and instrumental music training. A look at the internet shows that more and more music schools in the German-speaking countries are offering related courses, but this growing demand is not yet reflected in the curricula of future instrumental teachers. Therefore a survey about the various forms of these courses, their claims and standards, their impact on children’s future music training would be helpful. A variety of further teaching aids with distinct aims should reflect those differentiated needs; the teachers who practice these concepts should be encouraged to publish their ideas, experiences, and materials. And last but not least, these courses should be established as part of musical training in the important first phase of music education.
Keywords: music education, instrumental music training, instrumentenkarussell
3. THE ROLE OF THE EXTRACURRICULAR MUSICAL ACTIVITIES IN THE FORMAL AND NON- FORMAL EDUCATION, AS AN INTERCULTURAL MEDIATION ALTERNATIVE
Professor PhD. Eugenia Maria Pașca, Department for Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania
Abstract The work proposes to present the specific of the musical didactic step’s organisation in the formal and non-formal education, considerations and new suggestions regarding the types of groups and approached repertoires. The insufficient orientation of the programs for the musical education has generated this analyses and solutions for a new atomization of the musical – artistic education both in school and in children’s clubs, as an alternative for the extracurricular musical activities, with the purpose of intercultural mediation for all curricular cycles of the Romanian education in the formal and non-formal system. It is a real need to know and use the required techniques of projection, teaching, learning and evaluation of the didactic activities, as all to operate with contemporary methods and techniques. A new more flexible musical educational model may allow quick and mobile adaption to the contemporary reality from methodological and conceptual point of view, leading to the extension and the deepening of the connexions among different vocal-expression, instrumental and vocal-instrumental modalities, assuring multiple formative-instructive valences. It is necessary to retain the fact that through vocal and instrumental singing performed during the musical activities, children concurrently balance and relax, these having a therapeutic effect too. The musical education realization’s specific consists in the fact that uses specific creations, songs (vocal or instrumental), which are the main means of familiarizing children with the musical language, musical games that represent the most complex form of children’s artistic education. In the beginning, under the form of a game and then under the form of a lesson, the musical education brings only benefits, joy and enthusiasm in children’s souls, no matter the parallel or the meridian they live in, the affiliation to an ethnic group.
Keywords: intercultural education, extracurricular music education
4. SYNCRETISM IN ART – A PRACTICAL EXCERCISE IN THE ROMANIAN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
Prof. gr. did. I Ana Hălmăgean – violine Prof. gr. did. II Carmen Crăciun – piano Prof. gr. did. I Dorina Trandafir – literature Prof. Steinhubel Zoltan – fine arts „Sabin Drăgoi” High School of Arts, Arad, Romania
Abstract - Pro argument for the artistic vocational education. - Cultural motive for the realization of a syncretic artistic activity with high school students - Purpose of the project: exchange of information and impressions between representatives of different artistic domains, as well as the formation of a common group consciousness between the students from different departments of the same school - Project development and finite products: preparing and finalizing the artistic products made within the framework of the project by the students from the different departments: instrumental concert, thematic exhibition (figurative object, literary circle and theatrical expression).
Keywords: project educational, syncretism in art , artistic vocational education
5. THE ART OF ENGRAVING IN MEDIEVAL MOLDAVIA AND ARTISTIC EDUCATION
Lecturer drd. Iarîna Saviţkaia, The Academy of Music, Theatre and Fine Arts, Chişinău, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract The moldavian engraving art had a special influence over the developing of printing and other domains of plastique arts. Known through the illustrations at Varlaam's "Cazania" (1643), the wood engraving gets new dimentions in creation of M Strilbitchi (sec.XVIII) and reaches the acme of its development in the XIX century due to the masters from Neamt Monastery- Simion, Ghervasie, Teodosie, Iosif and Damian. Their illustrations made in xylographie (woodcut technique) influenced printing area and stimulated the occurrence of a new domain in medieval arts like icon- engraving, which influenced the style and decoration of painted icons. Keywords: art of engraving, medieval art, artistic education
6. THE ECONOMIC EDUCATION AND THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION, A POSSIBLE INTERDISCIPLINARY MODEL
Masterand Georgeta Puștiu, Department for Teachers Education, ,,Ştefan cel Mare” University , Suceava, Romania
Abstract The relation between economic education and artistic education implies an interdisciplinary approach in terms of the conceptual-theoretical understanding of the informational contents specific to a paradigmatic reality. Thus the structural-functional dimension of the interdisciplinarity reflects a communication based, on one hand, on the improvement of the knowledge process and on the other hand on different levels of understanding. Furthermore, a conceptual-methodological transfer from one level to another is possible within such an educational model. In this respect there are obvious explanatory- normative dimensions which generate aspects of pragmatic nature meant to justify the necessity of the interdisciplinary information.Therefore the connection between the two types of education validates the professional methods which support the quality of the educational approach.
Keywords:interdisciplinary information, economic purpose, pragmatic education, managerial evaluation, relational competence
7. VALUE REFERENCES IN THE ARTISTIC EDUCATION
Lecturer PhD. Marius-Costel Eşi Department for Teachers Education, ,,Ştefan cel Mare” University , Suceava, Romania
Abstract The naturalness and spontaneity express different manifestations of the artistic spirit. Such an assumption legitimizes at the social level the existence of the fundamental modalities specific to the formation-promotion activity of the actors involved in such an approach. In these circumstances, the dynamics of axiological structures generates situational contexts appropriate to some increasingly diversified psychosocial requirements. Therefore, an information valuation at the level of an epistemic methodology involves a series of purposes which refer rather to educational reassessments.
Keywords: axiological structures, informational valuation, educational strategy, educational reality
8. THE INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY- THE ARTS EDUCATION AND NEW INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
Assistant drd. Carmen Alexandrache Department for Teachers Education, „Dunărea de Jos” University , Galaţi, Romania
Abstract The information technology becomes useful for achievement to arts education, because it is the working cyberspace, the support work, making possible the expression of imagination, thinking, rethinking and the artistic design, detailed and diverse information, the practice artistic skills, the encouraging creativity, the space for learning, the space for reflection and personal expression and the space and the means of promoting - organizing events which exploit the artistic products (conference, competitions, exhibits). In fact, the advantages are more numerous. Therefore, this disciplinary cooperation can be traced from different perspectives, but starting from the contribution of new technologies to the formation of art education.
Keywords: arts education, new information, communication technologies
9. REFLECTIONS OF THE ECOLOGICAL ETHICS IN ART
Lecturer drd. Viorica – Torii Caciuc, Department for Teachers Education, “Dunărea de Jos” University, Galaţi, Romania
Abstract The present paper focuses on the reflections of the ethical relations between the interests of human beings and those of the non-human beings in art. It will include an artistic-philosophical analysis of the inherent value of nature as it is emphasized by the aesthetic characteristics of naturalness, etc. and, at the same time, it will follow the impact that literature has on the moulding of the ecological conscience and behaviour of the young generations.
Keywords: ethics in art, ethical relations
10. BRAIN PLASTICITY AS A CONSEQUENCE OF MUSICAL EDUCATION
Lecturer drd. Dorina Iuşcă Department for Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania
Abstract The human brain is capable of astonishing changes of structure, as a result of learning and experience. The concept of brain plasticity defines an adjustment of sensory and motor system to environmental stimulus and requirements, therefore some brain structures compensate for other cerebral parts. Music training constitutes an intense, multisensory and motric experience, that offers the ideal opportunity to study the plasticity of the developing brain, phenomenon seen as a neuronal adaptation to performing long term, complex tasks related to music education.
Keywords: brain plasticity, instrumental music training, corpus callosum, cerebellum, planum temporale