Volume 1 / number 2 / Year 2011
PART II ROMANIAN ARTISTIC EDUCATION - EUROPEAN ARTISTIC EDUCATION 1860-2010
1. ISSUES ON MUSIC THEORY TEACHING
Vangelis Karafillidis Pianist, Macedonian Conservatory, Thessaloniki Composer, Music College, Thessaloniki Physicist, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki Music Teacher, State High School, Greece
Abstract Music Theory constitutes a predominant and universal course for all music specializations. Harmony, Counterpoint, Solfège, Instrumentation and Form Analysis are just some of the “faces” of Music Theory. Most of the time, educators tend to approach these courses in a scientific (mechanistic) manner, trying to systemize musical knowledge. Although this way is quite successful, a severe side-effect appears; the educator constrains the development of imagination and aesthetic insight of the student. This article tries to demonstrate the necessity, the benefits and the side-effects of Music Theory courses as well as suggest alternative solutions or improvements for applied music theory teaching under the perspective of the student’s musical integration.
Keywords: Music Theory, Music Theory Teaching, Musical Integration
2. MULTIDIMENSIONAL ARTISTIC EDUCATION: THE MATHEMATICAL PERSPECTIVE OF MUSIC COMPOSITION. INDICATIVE ANALYSIS OF APPLICATIONS IN THE WORK JALONS BY IANNIS XENAKIS.
Professor PhD. Athanasios Trikoupis Department of Music Studies, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Abstract Iannis Xenakis, Romanian-born Greek composer and architect, has been established in the History of the Art of Modern Music for the application of mathematics to the solution of problems in Composition and Analysis in Music. By analyzing a work (Jalons) of Xenakis’ period of maturity (1986), this essay focuses on the sieve theory, which relates to the application of ordering structures in various sonic parameters. Analysis shows the high level of organization of sonic parameters, attained through the use of Calculus and vice versa, and proves the necessity of mathematics education for the understanding of artistic creation.
Keywords: Iannis Xenakis, Jalons, sieve theory
3.DMITRI KABALEVSKY AND MUSIC EDUCATION WITHIN THE CANON OF THE SOCIALIST MODEL IN THE SOVIET UNION28
Musicologist Alexandros Charkiolakis, MMus Music Library of Greece “Lilian Voudouri” Athens, Greece
Abstract The compositional output of the soviet Dmitri Kabalevsky (1904 – 1987) has been multilateral and quite important. However, whatever his position is today among other musical figures of the 20th century it mostly derives from his activity in the field of music education. Kabalevsky has been a stable and traditional devotee of socialist ideas till the end of his life. His avocation with music education within the scope of his ideological platform and also his efforts to incorporate his political views within a functional music education system had as a result the development of certain educational theories that have been extensively presented through his writings and speeches and collectively in a book titled Music and education: a composer writes about musical education that has been published by UNESCO a year after his death. The positions he held all his life within the infrastructure of the Soviet Union, with the capstone being his position as head of the Commission of Musical Aesthetic Education of Children in 1962, have designated him as the main speaker of the Soviet attitude on the subject of music education. The main goal of this paper will be, on the one hand to present the views of Dmitri Kabalevsky for music education within the frame of historical circumstances that prevailed at those times and, on the other hand to show the implications with ideological matters that were being presented variously in the Soviet Union at the time of the composer.
Keywords: music education, musician soviet, vocal repertory
4.THE DILEMMAS OF A TEACHER OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION REGARDING THE BOLOGNA SYSTEM AS APPLIED TO DRAMA SCHOOLS (HIGHER EDUCATION) IN ROMANIA
Lecturer PhD. Ana-Cristina Leşe, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iaşi, Romania
Abstract The broad field of Physical Education, also named Body training, emerged in the Ancient world; it originated in the discipline Physical Education (Body training / Bodily education) which addresses every human being by offering them the means (physical exercises) that are needed for a normal healthy physical development of the human personality and its creativity. In their professional training, the students in Drama benefit from Physical education means such as: Physical training / development; acrobatics; gymnastics; sport branches.
Keywords: body training, actor, physical education, stage movement
5.SPECIFIC FEATURES OF EARLY CHRISTIAN STATUARY IN THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Lecturer drd. Ioana - Iulia Olaru, “George Enescu” University of Arts , Iaşi, Romania
Abstract Compared with the naturalism of classical Roman portraiture, Late Antiquity brings initially the need to restore inner feelings, but this transformation will be immediately followed by the geometrized style of the age of Constantine the Great that will predict the schematization of the end of Late Antiquity: Paleo-Christianity, with spiritualization and lack of individualization and then even the abstraction would characterize now the whole iconography.
Keywords: statuary, schematic, Late Antiquity, Christianity
6. ENTREPRENEURSHIP CULTURE IN THE ROUMANIAN UNIVERSITY
Assistant Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi, Department fot Teachers Education, “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania
Abstract The study aims to identify and to ground the policy alternatives for adapting the tertiary education in general and art education in Iasi especially to a competitive educational market. The directions of analysis are: identifying action strategies for forming an entrepreneurial attitude in higher education institutions, identifying EU action directions on entrepreneurship education, identifying strategies aimed to adapt higher art education in Iasi to the entrepreneurial paradigm. Government strategies were analyzed, documents produced by the European Commission expert groups, assessment reports and statistics produced by the University of Arts "G. Enescu”, Iasi, attitude and opinion questionnaires were applied. The higher education institutions need to adapt to changes in the economic and social environment and to train individuals able to evolve in a competitive economy. The lack of collaboration between universities and the local community determine the incapacity of the university to report themselves to the unemployment rate or to the labour market demands. The limits of the analysis derive from the limited access to concrete information related to art education. Therefore the analysis and the proposed strategies will result in being customized by reference to reality in Iasi, without being able to complete a meaningful conclusion for all Romanian artistic education.
Keywords: entrepreneurial university, educational policies, student employability
7. CHANGING SKILLS AND EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES IN THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY
Associate Professor PhD. Simona Marin, Postdoctoral Grant Recipient Romanian Academy, Iași Branch, Romania (This paper was made within The Knowledge Based Society Project supported by the Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development (SOP HRD), financed from the European Social Fund and by the Romanian Government under the contract number POSDRU ID 56815).
Abstract Educators are faced once again with a daunting challenge: this timeit is to equip students with 21st century skills. Critics oppose the idea on the grounds that emphasizing skills such as critical thinking and problem solving will erode the teaching of important content, including history and literature. Both knowledge and skills are needed, and they are interdependent. No generation can escape the responsibility of deciding what student should learn by analyzing what adults are called upon to do.
Keywords: skills and educational strategies, knowledge based society, global learning
PART III CULTURAL, EDUCATIONAL AND ARTISTIC COOPERATION AND DIALOG IN MULTIETHNIC SPACES:TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES
1. MUSIC AND IMAGE IN DIALOGUE:
AUDIOVISUAL MEDIA AS MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
Nick Poulakis Laboratory of Ethnomusicology and Cultural Anthropology, Department of Music Studies, University of Athens, Greece
Abstract Audiovisual mass media –especially television and cinema– dominate the contemporary socio-cultural milieu. Their diversity could operate as a creative dynamic in current multicultural educative context. This paper focuses on some theoretical as well as methodological issues concerning the way that analyzing popular films could establish cultural awareness and multi-vocality in the classroom. Both music and image mediascapes provide multi-ethnic echoes and visions of local and global reality that engage children in critical dialogue and self-reflection.
Keywords music, image, audiovisual media, multicultural education
2. SOME ASPECTS OF INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION (THROUGH STUDYING RELIGIOUS MUSIC) IN MULTIETNIC SPACES
Associate Professor PhD. Larisa Balaban, Academy of Music, Theatre and Arts, Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia, Associate Professor PhD. Adelina Ștefârță, Academy of Music, Theatre and Arts, Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract Article is devoted to one of the most important works of the Moldavian religious music for chorus which has became one of the first achievements in evolution of the genre and which has influenced the development of Moldovan spiritual choral works in Moldova in XXth century.
Keywords: intercultural education, religious music, multiethnic spaces
3. CULTURAL - EDUCATIONAL SYLLOGISM
Professor PhD. Claudia Pop “Transilvania” University, Brașov, Romania
Abstract In this first part of the study we will deal with the overwhelming influence of the psyche on the success of a young artist, about the importance of understanding the mission of a vocal pedagogue in the life and in the career of a young artist, and will continue on various occasions to answer the question: which of the two is more important: the culture or the education?
Keywords: vocal education, pedagogue – psychotherapist
4. ANSELM KIEFER QUESTIONING THE IDENTITY
Lecturer PhD Codrina-Laura Ioniță “George Enescu” University of Arts, Iași, Romania
Abstract In a good tradition of German expressionism, the artist Anselm Kiefer in his art continues the interrogations both over his own ego and regarding his membership on a specific nation as well. Through his art, Anselm Kiefer testified that he tried to comprehend himself and to understand his relationship to his own nation, the German. This self-scanning starts from the understanding of the key moments of Germanic history which build the warrior and chivalrous spirit of the nation. Medieval myths and legends are a first moment in our understanding of this ethnic structure, followed by experimenting some gestures belonging to the recent history, where nationalism calls into question how the German nation is related to other nations. Anselm Kiefer’s art is revealed as an awareness and understanding of being a nation.
Keywords: Anselm Kiefer, German expressionism, art, moments of Germanic history