Volume 1 / number 10 / Year 2015
PART II DRAMA
1. THE NATIONAL AND UNIVERSAL IN EUROPEAN ART AND EDUCATION. ARTISTIC AND SPIRITUAL FEATURES IN THE ART OF THE 21ST CENTURY ACTORS
Iuliana Nistor Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: As we are all aware of, theatre, as opposed to film stands under the spectrum of transience. Every show is unique and cannot be repeated identically. Under this shadow, what steps can the actor take so that his success, if it is a success, doesn’t fade with the fall of the curtain? Moreover, we ask ourselves what are the elements that help the actor continue to be full of energy that he is ready to invest once more, after he has been through the gates of heaven and hell and back?
When I came across the topic of this essay, I didn’t expect it to be so difficult of an endeavor. The hardship also stems from the multitude of elements that belong to the privacy of my profession. On the basis of research undertaken by professionals in the area of expertise, as well as on my personal experience on stage, I came to the conclusion that, there isn’t a mandatory need in the actor’s art for certain techniques, for models that he should take on at different stages of his performance. Every actor brings with him a personal technique, and the attempt to acquire a manner different from his own cannot lead to first-rate performances, unless by pure accident. However, the common landmark that actors can rely on is becoming again conscious of the relationship with their own inner being, with their creative self. I believe that, under 21st century’s conditions, people, actors or viewers need more than ever, a theatre that is re-invented, in other words, spiritualized.
“The conclusion isn’t all rosy: the theatre isn’t about debating ideas, but is about making energies become manifest, and then you are left asking yourself what can is there to be done so that the energies manifest not as brute expressions of lower impulses, is it not by intellectual refinement? It goes without saying, intuition is a formidable weapon in sensing tension, but without the aid of the mind, it becomes a blind impulse meant to excite impure essences. The result is a theatre of a low vibration, as are most flashy plays nowadays. To dwell in feelings of regret over how low the bar has gone down for acting is a waste of time and a more useful endeavor would be to look for its causes and its remedy”. (Sorin Lavric)
Key words: man, consciousness, giving, spirituality, word
2. THE IMPORTANCE OF ARTISTIC CREATION RESULTING FROM THE COLLABORATION / INTERACTION OF ARTS
Ana-Cristina Leşe, Lecturer Ph.D. “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: The level of sensitivity established during the first contact with art has a great importance for the way it is perceived by the onlooker. The artistic expression carries great weight in ensuring the success of the art work. In the present paper we aim at emphasizing the value of the interaction between arts (theatre, singing/canto, instrumental interpretation, dance) which results in a high quality of the artistic expressiveness. This can be identified in movement, voice, countenance and body stance, look or the entire attitude and behavior of the performer, as well as in the objects used: costumes and makeup, the instrument played, paintings, photographs, etc. Higher education Arts institutions provide courses in body stance for students at Drama Schools and Musical Interpretation Schools, especially to those studying canto. Also, the departments of Immitative arts advocate for the expressiveness of art works in particular courses such as Anatomy in Art, or aesthetic theory related to famous works of art. Artistic expressiveness resulting from a synthesis of arts should be used to express the most beautiful feelings that move the human being.
Key words: artistic expressiveness, success, artist, arts
3. USING DRAMA TECHNIQUES WHILE TEACHING/LEARNING FRENCH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN AN ACADEMIC CONTEXT
Mariana Chiriță Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The article explores several scenarios of using drama techniques while teaching/learning French as a foreign language in an academic context. The suggested activities are designed to help beginner students (A2 level of language proficiency) understand S. Hinglais’s play Deux gens heureux. As drama is a form of art involving action, the use of drama techniques at the French lesson will give the students the possibility to learn the language through action. In this way, the students will become more confident while interacting in French.
Key words: drama techniques, interaction, teaching/learning French as a foreign language
PART III FINE ARTS
1. CHARACTERISTICS AND PRINCIPLES OF ART EDUCATION
Marinela Rusu, Theodora Chandrinou Researcher PhD, Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from Iași Branch of Romania, Teacher and Artist, Primary Schools from Athens of Greece
Abstract: Arts education is one of the most important educational purposes, in order to develop the whole personality of the child, modelling his character features and behavior. Teacher is the central factor in the teaching process, involving a good communication and eficient means of stimulating creativity. This will provide a lot of positive effects in children’s evolution as self-expression, self-knowledge, cathartic effects, better relationships and more interest in education, generally.
Arts offer the possibility of personal growth and personal awarness. School is the place where the child can understand the metaphor and the languadge of painted images. We always admit that a portrait in drawing is merely a self-portrait. Our paper presents also, some practical issues, concerning the intervention through art in school, along with some works realized by children under teacher’s guidance. We analize the psychological consequences of this art intervention in primary school.
Education in the arts is essential to students’ intellectual, social, physical, and emotional growth and well-being. Experiences in the arts - in dance, drama, music, and visual arts - play a valuable role in helping students to achieve their potential as learners and to participate fully in their community and in society as a whole. Arts provide a natural vehicle through which students can explore and express themselves and through which they can discover and interpret the world around them.
Key words: art intervention, art education, curriculum, cognitive styles, art teachers
2. CREATIVITY IN PREHISTORY: THE PAINTED POTTERY FROM CUCUTENI B
Ioana-Iulia Olaru Lecturer PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: The present study has in view an ancient time from the History of Art on the territory of Romania, that is the Eneolithic period. It is difficult (or maybe not?) to prove the borders of utilitarianism for those times, art having also a purpose (utilitarian, magical-religious) and the beginning of artistic quality for some objects that are considered nowadays works of art. The peak of the Eneolythic art in our country is a proof of the development of aesthetic taste in the case of the primitive man who created the Cucuteni art. This paper will not have in view the entire Cucuteni ceramics, which is considered the most interesting Neolithic pottery from the Balcans, but only its last phase, phase B and its unusual elements brought by it. There are special shapes (the vase as a bag from Miorcani); the bichrome chromatics which complements the previous polychromy; new motifs: crosses, the zoomorphic and ornithologic background, the suggestion of time and perspective.
Key words: Rhamenstil, Laufenstil, barbotine, horroi vacui, crater
3. OUTDOOR EXPERIMENTS IN THE PLASTIC ARTS
Ecaterina Toşa Lecturer PhD, University of Arts and Design from Cluj Napoca of Romania
Abstract: The purpose of experiments in plastic art in different circumstances outside the classroom is that students have to find problems to solve, to interpret, using their own efforts, led and supported by teachers. This attitude is favourable for the transfer of the acquired knowledge and practice into profession.
Key words: experiments, creative thinking, discovery, originality.
4. EASEL GRAPHIC WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE FINE ARTS FROM BESSARABIA (1887-1940)
Tatiana Rășchitor Doctoral Candidate, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, from Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The present article tries to reveal the situation in the field of the Bessarabian art and the role of the easel graphic during the period 1887-1944. Outlining the distinct aspects of each of the decades of the Bessarabian art, the author uncovers the emerged relation between graphics and painting, marking the direction towards which both fields have developed: artists, styles, themes, motives, artistic means, etc.
Key words: plastic arts, easel graphic, easel painting, plastic artists, art, Bessarabia
5. COMPARING THE PERFORMANCE OF FULL-TIME AND PART-TIME PAINTING UNDERGRADUATES IN NIGERIA – A CASE OF UNIVERSITY OF BENIN, NIGERIA
Manasseh Emamoke Imonikebe Associate Professor PhD, University of Benin, from Benin City of Nigeria
Abstract: The study compared the performance of Full-time and Part-time painting undergraduates in Nigeria with special focus on the University of Benin, Benin City Nigeria. It was designed to answer the following question: Is there a difference in performance between Full-time and Part-time painting undergraduates in Nigeria? The study was delimited to undergraduates of the University of Benin, Benin City Nigeria. As a result, one (1) Research Question and one (1) Hypothesis were formulated for the study. Data for this study were generated from official records of the department under investigation. The design of this study was ex post facto, since the research did not intend to manipulate any variables. The data were collected after events of interest have occurred (Ehiametalor and Nwadiani, 2002) and the data was analysed using the Mann-Whitney U test at the 0.05 level of significance. It was found out that, there was no significant difference between Full-Time and Part-Time painting undergraduates in their performance in painting. The finding implied that the two groups performed closely. It was therefore recommended that as an eye opener to other disciplines and institutions of learning, the study should be replicated being a lofty initiative.
Key words: Comparing; Performance; Full-Time; Part-Time and Universities; Ex post facto
6. CLASICAL GREEK PHILOSOPHY AND VISUAL ART AESTHETICS FORMING THE PERSONALITY
Theodora Chandrinou Teacher and Artist, Primary Schools from Athens of Greece
Abstract: In this essay the ancient Greek philosophy is regarded as the starting point towards the course of existential search of the human. The dynamic approach of the Visual art and aesthetic expression is displayed as a way of “becoming”, as the philosophic objective perception disseminates to the artistic experience. The value of the combination of Philosophy with Art is highlighted as far as the configuration of personality is concerned. This combination is becoming the vehicle which leads the person to the completion on the horizontal development as far as human relationships are concerned and also on the vertical development emphasizing on the internal search of the human. As a compass we use the approaches of specific intellectual men of Arts and Science, of Scholars of Ancient and Contemporary Greek Intelligentsia. Applying as criteria the timeless aspect and the universal spirit which underlies their works, we identify the points which suggest the Contemporary reality as distillate affecting the angle of many scientific sections totally.
Keywords: philosophy, Visual Art, personality, self-awareness, Intellectual, completion
7. THE INTERCULTURAL DIMENSIONS OF THE AVANT-GARDISTE ART AND ITS DIRECT IMPLICATION AS A MEANS OF MEDIATION AND COMMUNITY ACTION
Ondina Oana Turturică Doctoral Candidate, West University from Timișoara of Romania
Abstract: The aesthetic viability of the real world and the superfluous character of contemporary art, explicit and ironic sometimes, entails the intercultural dimension within the artistic education, which makes visual art and fashion become a medium for the action and comunitary mediacies. At the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th, under the modernism of the avant-gardist European art, we are witnessing a dialectic report between truth and beauty. This dialogue is created most of the times through the common orientation schools (Fluxus, Pop art, Nuveau Realism, Nul, conceptual and random art) as a result of the Duchampian paradigm. Thus, art itself becomes a self-distructive communication act which closes the discourse that generated it and, in which the object’s aetsthetic contributes to a more effective reception, according to the cultural norms and patterns determined by the pluralist cultural fields.
Key words: education, art, conceptual art, paradigm, discourse, contemporary, interculturality, Modernism, Pop Art, Nul, Fluxus, communication, visual, aesthetic
PART IV EDUCATION
1. TOWARDS AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO ARTS CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY
Mihaela Mitescu Manea Associate professor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: The arts afford ways of knowing with proven rewarding consequences on the life quality of individuals and of communities. The benefits of exercising an imaginative capacity, esthetic reasoning and attitudes, and ability to interpret and communicate ideas have been shown to be fundamental to the well-being of individuals and communities. The literature is thus full of arguments as to why arts should not be reduced to mere adjuvant routes instrumental to learning in other areas. This paper proposes a discussion of some of the main arguments in the literature for an integrated approach to arts curriculum and pedagogy, with particular emphasis on the Romanian discursive practices concerning arts education.
Key words: arts, learning, curriculum, integrated
2.INTERCULTURAL STUDY OF ART - CONTEMPORARY DIMENSION
Marinela Rusu Researcher PhD, Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from Iași Branch of Romania
Abstract: The contemporary world includes more diverse cultural events, sometimes performing a mix of ethnic traits, which are specific to different cultures. At the same time, we are witnessing a substantial migration of populations around the world, trying to build a new destiny and to integrate themselves in the cultures in which they migrated. Intercultural education becomes an actual concept and includes requirements and inherent manifestation of the modern world, which is constantly moving. More specifically it is an education for cultural equality, cultural tolerance or for the broader objective of multicultural education as it was proposed by M. A. Gibson (1984). For artist and educator who strives to understand the role of art in culture, and the role of culture in art and want to include his students in the cultural phenomenon, anthropological theories on culture and on ethnical specific alike, are generally necessary.
Key words: art education, art, culture, educator, artist, school
3. EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF MENTAL MAPS
Felicia Ceaușu Researcher PhD, Romanian Academy, Institute ”Gh. Zane” from Iași Branch of Romania
Abstract: Thinking is the superior cognitive process of extracting the essential, logical and necessary features with the help of some abstract-formal operations for understanding, explaining and predicting some causal relations of reality and creating some concepts, notions, theories, cognitive systems as mental models of reality. Cognitive processing has a deep character, has a high degree of mental autonomy, a maximum level of selectivity in relation with the features of the world and life. Categorization represents the process of grouping on classes of the information avalanche we enter into contact every day. This information is grouped on classes, categories after certain criteria. Thinking mapping are used in learning activites and helps to form very different representations and then scientific concepts, to classify and compare this concepts, in describing the attributes of various notions and development of various reasoning such as spatial reasoning or cause-effect reasoning. The purpose of this study is to identify, categorize and highlight the role of thinking maps in the formation of cognitive skills in school activity. From the methodological standpoint, in the present study I used a more analytical approach to obtain a definition and classification of mental maps and identify advantages and disadvantages of their use. Conclusions and Recommendations: a good Thinking Map can be effective mnemonics - remembering the shape and structure of a Thinking Map can give it the cues you need to remember the information within it. As such, they engage much more of our brain in the process of assimilating and connecting information than conventional notes do.
Key words: thinking map, cognitive system, learning, cognitive skills
4. USING COMIC STRIPS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING FRENCH AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE: CHANGES IN MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS
Abstract: The present work reports a small-scale quasi-experimental study which investigates effects of using comic strips as authentic learning materials in supporting Romanian students’ motivation for learning French as foreign language. The study is based on a pretest – post-test design with experimental and control convenience groups (N= 29), which included Romanian students from an urban high school, studying French as the second foreign language. Motivational beliefs were investigated with adapted versions of three scales selected from Motivation Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ, Pintrich & De Groot, 1990): self-efficacy, intrinsic value and test anxiety. The intervention consisted in educational activities organized for eight weeks, in which comic strips have been used consistently. Results revealed significant effects of the intervention on students’ test anxiety, but no significant effects on self-efficacy and intrinsic value. These outcomes suggest the potential role of coming strips, among other authentic documents, in sustaining and improving some of the students’ motivational beliefs. However, more research is needed in this direction, as authentic documents, especially comic strips, are resourceful teaching and learning materials in language classes.
Key words: authentic documents, comic strips, motivational beliefs, language education, French as foreign language
5. THE THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT’ ARTISTIC CREATIVITY (DSAC)
Olimpiada Arbuz-Spatari Senior Lecturer PhD, “Ion Creangă” State Pedagogical University, Chișinău, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The theoretical model in pedagogical research has primarily the reason of representing in a verbal or in a graphic modality the way to achieve the purpose of research, first component of the model developed by us and applied in the experimental research is students' creativity. The purpose or the logic of the model. Any theoretical model in pedagogical research has primarly the wherefore to represent in a verbal system or by a image the modality, the way to achieve the purpose of research, so the first component of the model we developed and applied in experimental research is students’ creativity, in fact, a higher level of creativity that would bring together as much as possible in the pedagogical conditions in which we operate as many characteristics of the creative personality in the field of fine arts.
Key words: theoretical model, developing creativity, artistic creativity
6. THE TEACHER VIS A VIS HIS MORALE AT THE CLOSE OF THE LAST MILLENNI UM: THE IMPLICATION FOR THE CREATIVE ARTS IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIAN SOCIETY
Abstract: The article focused on the place of the teacher at the close of the last century and the issue of morale in the teaching profession. This investigative effort was designed to address the teacher’s personality, his training, his activities, roles, problems and prospects and his morale as he delivered the goods at the close of the last millennium. The article is significant especially at such a time that Brain-Drain was at its peak in Nigeria. Certainly, positive response of stake-holders to findings in this investigation will assist in no small measure in ensuring that the teacher takes his rightful place in Nation Building. It was clear that the teacher has been relegated to the background and thoroughly demoralized. It is expected that this effort would re-orientate the society, Government and other stake-holders to sufficiently appreciate the fact that the teacher is indispensable in society, knowing that there can be no meaningful national development without the teacher. It is the teacher who guides the learner in the learning process, produces the needed manpower for all sectors of the economy and the goose that lays the golden egg.
Key words: Teacher, Morale,Close of Last Millennium
7. THE ROLE OF ART IN HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Ana-Maria Aprotosoaie-Iftimi Assistant Doctoral Candidate, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: Throughout history, mankind has motivated in different ways the need for expression through artistic language, art thus gaining a large number of different functions. This makes the purpose of art to be difficult to define/abstract and to quantify in a single concept. Precisely because there are many unique and different reasons for which art was created, trying to delineate/outline the role of art is more difficult, excluding completely the idea that due to its diversity, the purpose might be considered vague.
Key words: language arts, art functions, the role of art, the motivation for art
8. EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF "ART-PEDAGOGY"
Eugenia Foca Lecturer, Doctoral Candidate, „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: The author dwells on the diversity of opinions on the concept of "art-pedagogy", which comprises their analyses and systematization in order to capture specific educational potential for optimal instructive- educational problems solving. The recent decades’ changes in education have not modified the previous "drawback" namely, the lack of students’ education of sensitivity. What we identify today is that education focuses on knowledge, in such a way the child is "swallowed" by the ignoring system of free and pleasant work of art. In these circumstances there is a necessity of finding a common action field of self-directed subjects such as pedagogy, psychology and art, in which the psychological and physical life harmony and balance will come only from and through art. "Art pedagogy" is a new concept that interests more and more followers and is currently a priority for the science of education researchers.
Key words: art pedagogy, art therapy, art technologies
9. ASPECTS OF SUPPORTING GIFTEDNESS AND TALENT BY EDUCATIONAL POLICIES IN ROMANIA
Abstract: The topic of supporting the children and young talented through educational policy and strategies is increasingly interesting for the researchers in the psychopedagogy of excellence. Lack of support leads to a double problem: on the one hand can result in loss of talent, on the other hand a waste of human resources extremely useful to society. The purpose of this paper is to briefly present the state of concerning for this topic in Romania. Thus, we conducted a brief overview of the conceptual meaning that it has educational policies and educational strategies among local researchers and we analyzed the main legislative documents relevant for giftedness support in our country. Our approach has led us to identify some positive aspects and deficiencies of supporting talent and giftedness through national educational policies.
Key words: educational policies, support, talent, giftedness
10. THE ART OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS TRAINING IN THE SECONDARY TEACHING SYSTEM
Caciuc Viorica – Torii Lecturer PhD, ”Dunărea de Jos” University from Galaţi of Romania
Abstract: It is true that education cannot solve the problems of the environment, but it can ameliorate them, because through ecological education it is easier and more economic to prevent, than to repair and to ameliorate the damages brought to nature by the adult generations. In the pedagogical literature, there are four types of intercessions of implementation of the ecological education in the process of study. Even though the Romanian curricula has created all the premises for the approach of the ecological education through all the four types of intercessions, the achievement of the objectives of this education remain still at the preference and judgment of the teaching staff. This study aims to conduct a thorough analysis of how the art of infusing ecological ethics theories in the curriculum of the secondary teaching system leads to the training of students' environmental awareness.
Key words: environmental education, environmental ethics, attitude of respect for nature, curriculum, ecological awareness
11. A NEW VISION OF MUSIC EDUCATION FROM AN INTERCULTURAL PERSPECTIVE FOR RROMA AND NON RROMA STUDENTS
Eugenia Maria Paşca Associate Profesor PhD, “George Enescu” University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: The educational system must adapt to the new exigencies imposed by the recognition of the multicultural character of the society. At this level, the interculturalism as difference must be regarded as a richness, as a source which may and must be efficiently exploited from the pedagogical point of view in the benefit of all the children, of the minority and majority, in a mutuality of perspectives. It is necessary a new approach to present the Rroma and European musical creation of the musical education handbooks, valuing from this perspective the Rroma people's contribution as a way of life and musical expression, becoming a source of inspiration for the composers. It becomes important the inclusion of theoretical and methodological elements in the initial formation, as well as in the continuous formation of teachers, approaching these aspects ignored until now.
Key words: musical education, multiculturalism, Rroma, interculturalism