Content Specifications Document
Journal Code: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478
Cover Date (month and year): 03.2023
Individual Article Information
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 01_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0001
Title: MUSICAL ABILITIES VERY EARLY IN LIFE
Author(s): Dorina Geta Iușcă
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România
Abstract: Music-related skills are not always an effect of systematic music education. Many music perception acquisitions develop naturally due to children’s exposure to melodic and rhythmical structures across their life. Experts found that even at very early stages of life, children are capable of identifying and differentiating musical structures. More so, they develop musical preferences closely related to certain biological features or certain emotional aspects regarding their relationship with their mother. The present study aims to review the latest findings associated to these musical skills that occur during the prenatal period and the first year of life.
Key words: music perception skills, prenatal period, first year of life
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 02_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0002
Title: DEBUSSY’S PRÉLUDES AS CULTURAL MEDIATORS BETWEEN EAST AND WEST Author(s): Rossella Marisi
Affiliation(s): Professor PhD., Conservatorio “Luisa D’Annunzio” from Pescara, Italy
Abstract: Each culture is characterized by specific values and ideas; but cultures change together with the related social systems, and new cultural divides are created and bridged in a circular flow. Music can act as a cultural mediator, helping individuals and groups to get rid of their differences and promoting a greater social harmony. This study analyzes Claude Debussy’s Préludes, discussing how and why this work combines traits of Western and Eastern music cultures, and can therefore be considered as an example of cultural mediation.
Key words: exoticism, modes, Orientalist devices, non-Western scales, Said
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 03_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0003
Title: PIANIST AURELIA SIMION - TALENT, CREATIVITY, PERFORMANCE
Author(s): Viorica Andriuța
Affiliation(s): Teacher Higher degree, "Ciprian Porumbescu" Republican High School of Music from Chişinău, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: Coming from a family of musicians, the descendant of a dynasty that traces its roots back to the 19th century, had Lia Oxinoit as a teacher at the pre-university cycle and Ludmila Vaverco at the Gavriil Musicescu State Conservatory from Chisinau. The artistic career of the pianist Aurelia Simion is impressive, ascending, marked by important professional successes realized in concerts and solo recitals or in collaboration with soloists, teachers, students and pupils, with participation in the Musical Olympics, in national and international competitions as an accompanist, member or president of the juries. It is particularly important to highlight the fact that Aurelia Simion, in her artistic ascent, performed on concert stages in the Romania and abroad (Ukraine, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, France, Holland, Austria, Russia etc). Inquisitive spirit, always concerned with learning something new, she also played the harpsichord, celesta, marimbaphone and vibraphone, learned to play the portable organ with pedals, and in the moments when she had to complete the timbral color of the scores as part of the Percussion Ensemble Alternances, led by Constantin Stavrat, played claves, guiro, maracas and other small percussion instruments. Her compositional creation materialized in scores for solo piano, solo instruments with piano accompaniment, arrangements for percussion ensemble. For her academic and artistic achievements, she was awarded numerous awards, medals and diplomas of merit, honor and excellence awarded by various cultural and educational institutions.
Key words: Aurelia Simion, pianist, accompanists, professionalism
Filename: Review of Artistic Education – 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 04_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0004
Title: DIDACTIC CHALLENGES IN TEACHING VIOLIN SKILLS, AT THE LEVEL OF BEGINNER PUPILS
Author(s): Alina Stanciu
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “Gheorghe Dima” National Academy of Music from Cluj-Napoca, România
Abstract: The supporting idea of this work is to facilitate the acquisition and education of some violinist skills at the level of beginner pupils, using their little musical "creations". The experimental study was implemented by the practicing students, within the activities of the "Pedagogical Practice" discipline.
Key words: Challenge, Education, Violinist skills, Experiment
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 05_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0005
Title: THE MYTH OF THE “EXCLUSIVIST” VOICE - THE DIVERSITY OF SOUND ASPECTS. CASE STUDY
Author(s): Mihaela Loredana Gârlea
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., „George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iași, România Abstract: There is always talk about the voice intended exclusively for a certain musical genre. There are singing teachers who systematically refuse to encourage young voices to discover other areas of sound from the perspective of vocal practice. For example, Classical Singing teachers approach the phrase "you can't" or, worse, "you're not allowed", when a student studying Academic Singing wants to discover other musical genres such as Folk Singing, Light Music or Jazz. This obtuseness shown by some teachers leads to the premature inhibition of the singer's vocal potential in the full period of accumulation, but, above all, leads to the narrowing of horizons and opportunities on the job market of Classical Singing graduates. Such practices should be challenged and dismantled through concrete examples where one and the same voice can interpret a diversity of musical genres, without in any way affecting the artistic act.
Key words: classical singing, jazz, vocal practice
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 06_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0006
Title: STYLISTIC AND TECHNICAL ORIENTATIONS IN ROMANIAN CREATION FOR CLARINET OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
Author(s): Daniel Paicu
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România
Abstract: A controversial period in humanity’s evolution is the previous century, the 20th, viewed both from a constructive and a destructive point of view. Technical progress and scientific discoveries led the human dimension towards a huge leap of civilization. But this computerized trajectory holds unlimited possibilities in creating balance or chaos within the human. The multiple effects of modern technology on human life can affect, even completely change, interpersonal communication. In the thinking of Romanian composers, especially in the second half of the 20th century, new concepts and working techniques are designed. Among these, we mention dodecaphonic serialism, integral serialism, heterophony, rhythm with added values, texture, aleatoric, etc., all leading to a totally new, experimental acceptance.
Key words: Romanian music, clarinet, modernism, effects
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 07_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0007
Title: MUSICAL EDUCATION IN THE FAMILY. CHALLENGES AND FULFILLMENTS IN THE PARENT-TEACHER ROLE
Author(s): Ligia Fărcășel
Affiliation(s): Researcher III PhD. / “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România Abstract: The role of parent is in itself one that provides both challenges and fulfilments. Moreover, it necessarily assumes the exercise of the pedagogical function. The main challenge is the delimitation between the position of a teacher and that of a parent, implicitly that of a student and that of a child. At the same time, the fulfillment that covers both the didactic process and the result, is the ultimate reward and also the motivation for starting another project. The present case study covers a period of approximately two years, involving the teacher-parent (mother) aged approximately 30 years and the student-child (girl) aged 5-7 years. The three completed or ongoing projects aim, on the one hand, at learning the basics of piano and ukulele performance and, on the other hand, at the vocal performance of a pop piece in a festival-competition.
Key words: parent-teacher, family, didactic process, piano, ukulele
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 08_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0008
Title: THE EVOLUTION OF INTEGRATED MUSIC EDUCATION FROM THE 90'S TO THE PRESENT
Author(s): Carolina Karoli
Affiliation(s): Candidate Doctoral, National University of Music from București, România
Abstract: The article marks the most important aspects of the evolution of Romanian pre-university music education during the last 30 years. The education reform highlighted the positive aspects as well as the shortcomings in the field of music education in the integrated system. An analysis of the current state sheds light on what is valuable in the system and what can be improved so that specialized music education remains a genuine educational and cultural landmark in a constantly changing society.
Key words: institutional evolution, decentralization, reform, pre-university institutional management, music curriculum management
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 09_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0009
Title: THE HOLISTIC APPROACH TO MUSIC EDUCATION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE COURSE: NEWS AND PERSPECTIVES
Author(s): Marina Cosumov
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., „Alecu Russo” State University from Bălţi, Republic of Moldavia
Abstract: Music, constituting a great phenomenon of the world, represents an inherent element in the daily life of society, in the consciousness and nature of man, because everything is movement, everything is vibration, everything is sound. The relationship "man-music (arts)" places in the foreground the educational function through which it - educates moral feelings, human qualities, cultivates the spiritual sphere of man. Musical education throughout life is presented as a continuous individual process of spiritual self-improvement of the personality through multiple forms of relationship with the art of music. In this context, musical education is significant to perpetuity - lifelong education, on the three dimensions of the human being: biological, intellectual, spiritual, because it is implicitly based on the undulating character of the universe, the cosmos and human existence.
Key words: musical education, lifelong education, spiritual self-improvement
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 10_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0010
Title: THE INFLUENCE OF EUSEBIE MANDICEVSCHI ON THE FORMATION OF THE PERSONALITY OF THE COMPOSER MARȚIAN NEGREA
Author(s): Vladimir Acatrini, Myroslava Vovk, Nataliia Filipchuk
Affiliation(s): Candidate Doctoral, PhD. Head, PhD. hab. Head, "Ivan Ziaziun" Institute of Pedagogical Education and Adults Education of the National Academy of Teaching Sciences from Kiev, Ukraine
Abstract: The composer, choir conductor and musicologist, raised from the lands of Bucovina. Eusebie Mandicevschi (1857 - 1829) left posterity a complex musical work: vocal, symphonic, chamber, choral music, prestigious critical studies on Johann Sebastian Bach, Ludwig van Beethoven, Joseph Haydn, Franz Schubert, Johannes Brahms, distinguishing himself, throughout his life, through a sustained and competent pedagogical activity, through a prodigious social activity he was a teacher at the "Akademie für Musik und darstellende Kunst" in Vienna, as an archivist and librarian at the "Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde" in Vienna.
Key words: music creation, Eusebie Mandicevschi, Marțian Negrea
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 11_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0011
Title: SCORES USED IN BAND TEACHING. A TEACHING TECHNIQUE SUITED FOR ALL LEARNING STYLES
Author(s): Ramona Mariana Cojocaru - Spînu
Affiliation(s): Candidate Doctoral, ”George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iași, Teacher, Paradis International College from Iași, România
Abstract: If studying and teaching classical music relies a lot on the use of scores, the pop-rock-jazz genres have a different approach, from using a large variety of score-types to not using at all. Pupils from secondary schools and high schools practice pop-rock-jazz, either on their own or coordinated by a music teacher, in which case it is fairly expected for them to be familiarized with the types of scores that can be found in these genres. However, many band teachers prefer using demonstration as a method, some of them claiming that the scores limit the creativity. It is true that music notation in these genres is not standardized. In this article, we will cover the most common approaches for integrating music notation in jazz-pop-rock band teaching.
Key words: Band teaching, creativity, pedagogy, pop-rock, jazz
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2022 / 12_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0012
Title: NEW CONCERNS IN MUSICAL ART PEDAGOGY NECESSARY GUIDELINES FOR 21ST CENTURY ARTISTS
Author(s): Oana Bălan Budoiu
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “Gheorghe Dima” National Academy of Music from Cluj-Napoca, România
Abstract: In the context of the world’s new order in music, artists search, negotiate, sell, and justify their importance through the power of their art and through the skill with which they attract attention to themselves. We hear ever more often of approaches to new artistic products, conventional and unconventional repertoires, to preserving and encouraging tradition or finding new ways of artistic survival, by bringing creation closer to the (increasingly limited) capacity of the uninformed audience to understand classical music works. This paper discusses the necessity to guide art pedagogy towards a new horizon that may increase the degree of relevance that artists evince on the large cultural market. The suggestions we offer stem from the conclusions of several case studies in which the alumni of Romanian conservatories detect certain flaws of their professional training when they seek employment or try to be their own managers after graduation. The material is completed by a set of interviews with managers of cultural institutions which highlight the importance of supporting new guidelines in music pedagogy.
Key words: music entrepreneurship, evolution, music mediation, branding, music sociology, unconventional artistic products
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 13_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0013
Title: THE ACOUSTIC ANALYSIS OF VIOLINS AND THE ARTISTIC IMPRESSIONS EVALUATED BY MUSICIANS
Author(s): Mariana Domnica Stanciu, Alina Maria Nauncef, Florin Dinulică, Mircea Mihălcică Vasile Ghiorghe Gliga, Silviu Marian Nastac
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., Engineer, Associate Professor PhD., Professor PhD., Engineer, Associate Professor PhD., Engineer, ”Transilvania” University from Brașov, România, Candidate Doctoral, Engineer, ”Transilvania” University from Brașov, S.C. Gliga Instrumente Muzicale S.A. from Reghin, România, Professor PhD., Engineer, ”Transilvania” University from Brașov, "Dunărea de Jos” University from Galați, România
Abstract: Violin studies can be classified into two main types: psychoacoustic studies, which are based on the artistic perception of audibility by violinists and vibro-acoustic studies, which are based on the spectral analysis of the vibrations and sounds produced by the instruments. The paper presents the acoustic analysis of violins by means of specialized software, their main acoustic characteristics being extracted in the form of frequency spectrum, spectrograms, specific modes and number of harmonics. These results were compared with the results of the opinion poll among musicians regarding the acoustic qualities of violins, based on musical auditions. The results highlighted the fact that the acoustic analysis technique cannot detect in totality the psycho-acoustic effects of musical sounds, therefore the establishment of the acoustic quality of the instruments on objective foundations, since the personal touch of an instrumental artist aims at the approach and articulation of the musical discourse, in a complex manner, combined with the interpretation of forms and styles.
Key words: spectral analysis, violin, psycho-acoustic effects, violin
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 14_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0014
Title: PABLO DE SARASATE - ANDALUSIAN ROMANCE FOR VIOLIN AND PIANO
Author(s): Raluca Dobre Ioniță
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România
Abstract: Pablo de Sarasate was a famous violinist and composer of Spanish origin. In his creations, Sarasate highlighted to the maximum the technical and interpretative potential of the violin, composing both works for violin and orchestra (including fantasias on operatic themes) and musical miniatures for violin and piano. Sarasate`s musical language is mainly inspired by Spanish folklore.
Key words: Sarasate, Andalusian romance, violin, piano, analysis
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 15_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0015
Title: FORMAL AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION THROUGH THEATRE
Author(s): Eva Kušnírová
Affiliation(s): Associate Profesor PhD., “Prešov University“ from Prešov, Slovak Republic
Abstract: The Frankfurt Declaration is a UNESCO document that reminds and re-emphasizes the importance of promoting and applying arts education to the curriculum of all member states. In 2019, the World Alliance for Arts Education (WAAE) organized an international conference called Arts Education for everybody? Every student? Everywhere? It opened a discussion on various topics about arts education (e.g., in society, in school reforms, opportunities for the education of pedagogues, interconnection with other fields, its application at different levels of schools, its future, possibilities to spread and communicate it in different countries of the world). The education through theatre also belongs to the field of arts education. The study reflects and maps the topic of formal and non-formal education through theater. It ponders the question What is the status of formal and non-formal education through theater nowadays? It points to interesting and inspiring projects, to institutions dedicated to the education through theatre, to the educational activities of professional cultural institutions, the position of drama education in the school system and beyond it, the education through theater at universities, as part of festivals, etc. It also brings an excursion into the education through theater in abroad, in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Key words: formal education through theatre, non-formal education through theatre, drama education, learning through experience, educational activities, workshops
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 16_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0016
Title: PERFORMANCE IN THE ARTISTIC CAREER SUPPORTED BY THE PRACTICE OF INTENSE PHYSICAL EXERCISE
Author(s): Ana - Cristina Leşe, Raluca Minea, Iarina - Teodora Dumitraş / Student / „Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy from Iași, România
Affiliation(s): Associate Professor PhD., Lecturer PhD. “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România, Student, „Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy from Iași, România
Abstract: Performance in the artistic career is achieved through a continuous process of learning, education and study, supported and enhanced by an unseen, unnoticed, even often ignored factor like sport. Through this study we can demonstrate that the practice of intense specific type of physical exercises or individual sports can influence and support performance in the visual arts field. Our study we have been carrying out in the past 2 years for a number of 350 student artists who practised a type of sport or a physical activity, including physical education courses in their university curriculum, shows that they experienced better artistic performance in a percentage of 60% compared to those students who practiced less physical exercises. It is well known that training, in a variety of forms, allows increasing the mass of specific group of muscles, but also increasing endurance for longer periods of time. Also, regular physical activity causes an increase in the vascular caliber, which will lead to better oxygenation and a better nutrient supply to the brain. The brain is the most glucose-demanding organ in the body and, at the same time, it functions only in aerobic metabolism. Thus, the increase of vascular caliber through regular sports will determine an increased intracranial pressure, respectively a higher oxygen and glucose consumption. Constant practice of physical exercises will significantly reduce the risk of mental illnesses, and will improve memory, by preventing a series of brain disorders.
Key words: art, physical exercises, performance
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 17_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0017
Title: NATIONAL THEATRE LIVE. THE BEGINNING OF A REVOLUTION
Author(s): Antonella Cornici
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD. “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi of Romania
Abstract: In June 2009 at the initiative of Royal National Theatre in London, National Theatre Live appeared – a revolutionary project through which theatre performances are live streamed. The first one was Phedra by Racine. The show was live streamed in 73 movie theatres from Great Britain and in 200 others all over the world. The broadcasting was a great success about which The Guardian wrote: „The main lesson is that a theatre production can be made democratically available to a mass audience without any loss of quality. For generations we have been told that the theatre is elitist. Last night it was shown that a supposedly difficult classical tragedy can speak simultaneously to people across the globe.... this is only the beginning of a revolution in making theatre available in ways of which we had never dreamed.” For more than 13 years, The National Theatre of London has been live streaming its shows, at the moment having over 5.5 million spectators and being present in over 5000 locations all around the world.
Key words: theatre, live streaming, show, London, NTL
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 18_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 - 0018
Title: THE INNER MECHANISM OF THE ACTOR IN THE VISION OF EUGENIO BARBA
Author(s): Iuliana Moraru
Affiliation(s): Assistante PhD. / “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România
Abstract: The discoveries he makes in his journey around the world, the admiration for the way Grotowski thinks and for Brecht’s theories, but also the history of the years 1960-1978 stir up Eugenio Barba, causing him to look for new meanings related to this art. After going through a period of disorientation and hearing around him from many people the question: what is the meaning of doing theater today?, he finds the answer: “theatre is an empty and ineffective ritual that we fill with our own why, with our personal necessity”. Barba praises the modesty and strength of the actor who considers himself the servant of the stage and not the “navel of the crowd” that surrounds him. The concepts of yoga lead him to write about the “body-spirit” and how essential it is for a performer to exercise his spirit.
Key words: Barba, energy, power, impulse, actors
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 19_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0019
Title: A POSSIBLE WAY OF APPROACHING THE CHARACTER IN THE THEATER ACCORDING TO THE "ROLE SHEET"
Author(s): Călin Chirilă
Affiliation(s): Lecturer PhD. / “George Enescu” National University of Arts from Iaşi, România
Abstract: "Match the deed with the word, and the word with the deed. Take care not to exceed the decency and modesty of nature; because everything that exceeds the measure deviates from the goals of the theater, whose purpose from the very beginning and until today is to present a kind of mirror of nature, to show virtue its true face, pride its icon and every age, every era, the pattern and their seal" (Hamlet's monologue from the play of the same name by W.Shakespeare).
Key words: substitution, rhythm, temperamental, behavior
Filename: Review of Artistic Education - 10.2478 / 25 / 2023 / 20_paper.pdf
DOI: 10.2478 / rae – 2023 – 0020
Title: NEW PERSPECTIVES IN DEVELOPING TEACHERS' SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL SKILLS TO PREVENT BULLYING: THE ROLE OF FORUM THEATRE
Author(s): Tudorița Grădinariu, Georgeta Diac
Affiliation(s): Assistante PhD., Lecturer PhD., “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University from Iaşi, România
Abstract: The present study is in line with the concern for the prevention of bullying behaviors, which have been continuously and unprecedentedly expanding at national and European level. In this case, the socio-emotional competence of teachers is important. A solution for training and developing this competence is offered by continuing vocational training programs regulated at national and European level. In line with the recommendations of the Council of Europe (2018), which refer to complementing academic training with social, emotional and arts learning, our approach is intended as a reflection of the importance of an innovative interdisciplinary perspective in developing social-emotional competences in teachers by considering the theatrical technique Theatre Forum for effective bullying prevention. In this respect, we propose some directions for analysis:
Key words: bullying, socio-emotional, skills, teachers training, Forum Theatre